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A Brief Review of Palaeobotanical Research in Iceland

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Part of the Topics in Geobiology book series (TGBI, volume 35)

Abstract

The development of palaeobotanical research in Iceland reflects the emergence of palaeobotany as a science in Central Europe and has traditionally been closely tied to research activities in Denmark and Sweden. A major impetus for palaeontological research in Iceland and other Arctic areas came from the Swiss palaeontologist Oswald Heer, commencing in the mid-nineteenth century. Modern palaeontological research reflects current trends in palaeontology, namely, reconstructing climate changes and evolution from fossil plants and animals, and evaluating the importance of Iceland as part of a land bridge for intercontinental plant migration across the northern North Atlantic. Today, palaeontology has become closely tied to biology and a synthetic approach is emerging inferring biogeographic histories from phylogenies derived from modern organisms and from fossils.

Keywords

Plant Fossil Stratigraphic Framework Geological Museum Biostratigraphic Correlation Swedish Museum 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PalaeobotanySwedish Museum of Natural HistoryStockholmSweden
  2. 2.Department of PalaeontologyUniversity of ViennaViennaAustria
  3. 3.Institute of Earth SciencesUniversity of IcelandReykjavikIceland

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