Canada: Jewish Education in Canada

  • Michael Brown
Part of the International Handbooks of Religion and Education book series (IHRE, volume 5)


Jewish education in Canada, especially in Toronto and Montreal, has been unusually well subscribed and well supported by the Jewish community in the post-World War II era. The reasons for its success lie partly in Canada’s binational structure and public attitudes toward religion and state, but also in the community’s relatively recent arrival and a level of anti-Semitism higher than that in the neighboring United States. The successes of Jewish education in Canada can be measured not only in the number of schools and pupils, but also in innovative research and the creation of strong central educational bureaus. Although community support remains strong, there are danger signs on the horizon at the end of the first decade of the twenty-first century, which point to a diminution of communal interest and financing in the years to come.


Jewish Community Jewish People Jewish Life Canadian Context Jewish Education 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Aba, S. (2001). Estimating the demand for CHAT [community Hebrew academy of Toronto] using an econometric model. Toronto: UJA Federation of Great Toronto: Board of Jewish Education.Google Scholar
  2. Abella, I., & Troper, H. (1982). None is too many: Canada and the Jews of Europe, 1933–1948. Toronto: Lester & Orpen Dennys.Google Scholar
  3. Ben Dat, M. (2009). Saying farewell. Canadian Jewish News, 9 July. 4.Google Scholar
  4. Braustein, E. (2001). Ontario offering tax credits for Jewish day schooling. Forward, 8 June.Google Scholar
  5. Bronfman Jewish education centre & association of Jewish day schools. (2000). Focus on Jewish Day Schools. Report to Federation CJA Executive [Montreal].Google Scholar
  6. Brown, M. (1977). Presentation to Canadian Jewish congress plenary, Canadian Jewish congress central region. Education and Culture Review, 6, 5–12Google Scholar
  7. Brown, M. (1982). Divergent paths: Early Zionism in Canada and the United States. Jewish Social Studies, 44 159–183Google Scholar
  8. Brown, M. (1984). The Americanization of Canadian Zionism. In G. Wigoder, (Ed), Contemporary Jewry: Studies in honor of Moshe Davis (pp. 129–158). Jerusalem: Institute of Contemporary Jewry, Hebrew UniversityGoogle Scholar
  9. Brown, M. (1999). Good fences do not necessarily make good neighbors: Jews and Judaism in Canada’s schools and universities. Jewish Political Studies, 11, 97–113Google Scholar
  10. Brown, M. (2005). From gender bender to Lieutenant general: Jewish women in Canada 1738–2005. Toronto: York University Centre for Jewish Studies Annual, 7, 3–29Google Scholar
  11. Butovsky, M., & Ode Garfinkle, O., (2004). The journals of yaacov zipper: The struggle of yiddishkeit. (Eds. and Trans.), Montreal and Kingston: McGill-Queens University Press.Google Scholar
  12. Cohn, W. (1979). English and French Canadian public opinion on Jews and Israel: Some poll data. Canadian Ethnic Studies, 11, 31–48Google Scholar
  13. Csillag, R. (2009a). Highly respected, eighth generation rabbi dedicated his life to helping people with special needs. Globe and Mail, 13 July.Google Scholar
  14. Csillag, R. (2009b). Toronto day schools a model. JTA. August 21. Obtained from,
  15. Dubb, A. A. (1983). First census of Jewish schools in the Diaspora, 1981/2–1982/3: Canada. Jerusalem: Hebrew University Institute of Contemporary Jewry and JESNA Project for Jewish Statistics.Google Scholar
  16. Epstein, S. (1977). Presentation to Canadian Jewish congress plenary, Canadian Jewish congress central region. Education and Culture Review, 6, 5–12Google Scholar
  17. Feldman, S. S. (2009). Tuition fees rise at most day schools. Canadian Jewish News, 3 September. 17.Google Scholar
  18. Gazith, K. (no date). A proposal for meeting the needs of school age Jewish children with learning, cognitive and behavioural difficulties (with the assistance of T.Roth and M.Home). Montreal: Bronfman Jewish Education Centre.Google Scholar
  19. Grysman, C. (1989). The orthodox day school and its non-observant population. Jewish Education, 57, 37–38Google Scholar
  20. Himmelfarb, H. S. (1991). The American Jewish day school: The third generation. In P. A. Bauch (Ed.), Private education and the public interest: Research and policy issues Westport, CT: Greenwood Press.Google Scholar
  21. Koschitzky, D. (2009). Streamlining Mercaz frees up cash for education. Canadian Jewish News, 2 April. 19.Google Scholar
  22. Kraft, F. (2009a). Economy down, tuition subsidy requests up. Canadian Jewish News, 3 September.Google Scholar
  23. Kraft, F. (2009b). ‘Virtually’ all Mercaz services intact: Federation. Canadian Jewish News, 10 December.Google Scholar
  24. Kurtz, J., & Epstein, S. (2008). Board of Jewish education: A retrospective, 1949–2000. Toronto, ON: UJA Federation of Greater Toronto.Google Scholar
  25. Lazarus, D. (2008). Hebrew teaching program gets new home. Canadian Jewish News, 31 January. 6 M.Google Scholar
  26. Leonoff, C. E. (2008). The rise of Jewish life and religion in British Columbia, 1858–1948. The Scribe, 28.Google Scholar
  27. Levine, J. & Epstein, S. (2005). Jewish education in Canada. Encyclopedia Judaica (electronic edition).Google Scholar
  28. Menkis, R. (1998). A threefold transformation: Jewish studies, Canadian universities, and the Canadian Jewish community. In M. Brown (Ed.), A Guide to the study of Jewish civilization in Canadian universities (pp. 43–69). Jerusalem and Toronto: The International Center for University Teaching of Jewish Civilization of the Hebrew University and the Centre for Jewish Studies at York UniversityGoogle Scholar
  29. News in brief. (2009). Canadians less tolerant than thought: Poll. Canadian Jewish News, 18 June 2.Google Scholar
  30. Pan Echuti Research Institute (2004). A Characterization of perceptions and needs of the Israeli community in Toronto: A qualitative study. Unpublished report for UJA federation of greater Toronto, board of Jewish education.Google Scholar
  31. Pomson, A. D. M. (1999). Interrogating the rhetoric of Jewish teacher professionalization by drawing on Jewish teacher narratives. Journal of Jewish Education, 65(1&2), 16–24.Google Scholar
  32. Pomson, A. D. M. (2004). Jewish day school growth in Toronto: Freeing policy and research from the constraints of conventional sociological wisdom. Canadian Journal of Education, 27(3), 321–340.Google Scholar
  33. Pomson, A., Brown, M., & Eisen, S. (2000). Teaching teachers. Toronto, ON: Centre for Jewish Studies, York University.Google Scholar
  34. Pomson, A., & Schnoor, R. F. (2008). Back to school: Jewish day school in the lives of adult Jews. Detroit, MN: Wayne State University Press.Google Scholar
  35. Raben, H. (1992). History of the board of Jewish education of Toronto, 1949–1975: A study of autonomy and control. Unpublished doctoral dissertation. University of Toronto.Google Scholar
  36. Sarna, J. (2009). The American Jewish community in crisis and transformation: The perspective of history. Contact, 11, 5–6Google Scholar
  37. Schnoor, R. F. (2004). Which school is right for my child?: Educational choices of Jewish parents. Toronto, ON: UJA Federation of Greater Toronto, Board of Jewish Education.Google Scholar
  38. Schnoor, R. F. (2007). An examination of services provided for Jewish day school students with social, emotional and behavioural challenges. Toronto, ON: The Centre for Enhancement of Jewish Education.Google Scholar
  39. Schoenfeld, S. (1999). Jewish education and Jewish continuity in the United States and Canada: A political culture perspective. Journal of Jewish Education, 65(1&2), 60–71.Google Scholar
  40. Schoenfeld, S., & Pomson, A. (2000). United synagogue task force on congregational schools – consultants’ report.Google Scholar
  41. Shahar, C. (1998). The Jewish high school experience: Its implications for the evolution of Jewish identity in young adults. Montreal, QC: The Jewish Education Council of Greater Montreal/Federation CJA.Google Scholar
  42. Shaviv, P. (2009). Letter to community leaders. 16 June. Letter to community leaders.Google Scholar
  43. Tulchinsky, G. (1993). Taking root: The origins of the Canadian Jewish community. Hanover, NH and London: Brandeis University Press.Google Scholar
  44. Tulchinsky, G. (1998). Branching out: The transformation of the Canadian Jewish community. Toronto, ON: Stoddart.Google Scholar
  45. UJA Federation of Greater Toronto. (2009). Jewish education services: Questions and answers. Canadian Jewish News, 19 March. 22.Google Scholar
  46. Walfish, I. (2009). Letter to the community. 5 May. Unpublished letter to community leaders.Google Scholar
  47. Weinfeld, M. (2001). Like everyone else but different: The paradoxical success of Canadian Jews. Toronto, ON: McClelland & Stewart.Google Scholar
  48. Worth, S. (2003). Downtown Jewish day school: Paying the price for education. Jewish Education News (spring)., 82.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre for Jewish Studies, York UniversityTorontoCanada

Personalised recommendations