Magnetic Mapping of Weakly Contaminated Areas

  • Aleš Kapička
  • Eduard Petrovský
  • Neli Jordanova
  • Vilém Podrázský
Chapter
Part of the IAGA Special Sopron Book Series book series (IAGA, volume 1)

Abstract

Soil magnetometry has proved to be a helpful auxiliary method for outlining potentially contaminated areas. Magnetic susceptibility of topsoils may reflect concentration of atmospherically deposited anthropogenic iron oxides, which often coexist with harmful substances, such as heavy metals. Magnetic mapping of topsoils yields unambiguous results in areas with high concentration of pollutants and soils developed on iron-poor geologic basement. In this chapter we review the approach and results of magnetic mapping in a relatively clean area, characterized by rather complex topography. Surface measurements of magnetic susceptibility were carried out after previous examination of its vertical distribution in topsoils and complex laboratory measurements of other magnetic parameters as well as scanning electron microscopy observations. Our results show that over the whole area in concern topsoil magnetic susceptibility is enhanced due to atmospherically deposited anthropogenic iron oxides (prevailing from local sources), and soil magnetometry can thus be used for delineation of anthropogenic effect on soils also in this rather complex and difficult area.

Keywords

Magnetic Susceptibility Isothermal Remanent Magnetization Magnetic Mapping Subsoil Horizon Vertical Soil Profile 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

This study was performed with the support of the Grant Agency of the Czech Republic through grant No. 205/07/0941, Grant Agency of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic through project No. IAA300120701, and Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports through project No. LA09015.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Aleš Kapička
    • 1
  • Eduard Petrovský
    • 1
  • Neli Jordanova
    • 2
    • 3
  • Vilém Podrázský
    • 4
  1. 1.Institute of Geophysics AS CR, v.v.i.Prague 4Czech Republic
  2. 2.National Institute of Geophysics, Geodesy and Geography, BASSofiaBulgaria
  3. 3.Geophysical Institute, BASSofiaBulgaria
  4. 4.Czech University of Life SciencesPrague 6Czech Republic

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