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Magnetic Record in Cave Sediments: A Review

  • Pavel Bosák
  • Petr Pruner
Chapter
Part of the IAGA Special Sopron Book Series book series (IAGA, volume 1)

Abstract

Dating cave sediments by the application of the palaeomagnetic method – magnetostratigraphy – is a difficult and sometimes risky task, as the method is comparative in its principles and does not provide numerical ages. For dating clastic cave sediments and speleothems it is limited by the complex conditions occurring underground so that it is often necessary to combine it with other methods that offer supplementary absolute-, calibrate-, relative- or correlate-ages. Interpretation of magnetostratigraphic results faces other serious problems that may endanger palaeomagnetic studies in given caves if they are not detected. The sedimentary fills of a number of profiles are separated into individual sequences and cycles, divided by breaks in deposition (unconformities). The dynamic character of cave fill deposition is reflected in the start or termination of individual magnetozones at unconformities in a number of profiles. The general character of cave depositional environments with their numbers of post-depositional changes, hiatuses, reworking and re-deposition does not allow precise calculation of the temporal duration of individual interpreted magnetozones. All these factors contribute to the fact that exact calibration of the geometric characteristics of the magnetostratigraphic logs with the GPTS cannot be attained at all or only with problems, if it is not adjusted using results of other dating methods.

Keywords

Cave System Karst Process Fission Track Analysis Palaeomagnetic Data Cave Deposit 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

The text was prepared in the frame of Institute Research Plan No. CEZ AV0Z30130516, grant project of the Grant Agency of the Academy of Science of the Czech Republic No. IAA300130701, and program KONTAKT No. MEB 090908.

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© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Geology AS CR, v.v.i.Praha 6Czech Republic

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