Synthesis and Conclusions

  • Graeme S. Cumming


In this book I have attempted to provide the first comprehensive synthesis of a set of interrelated ideas that together create a foundation for an emerging field, the study of spatial resilience in social-ecological systems. Three key points about spatial resilience should by now be clear. First, although the explicit study of spatial resilience in social-ecological systems is a relatively new development, the concepts from which it developed have a long and illustrious history, with roots stretching back over 200 years (von Humboldt & Bonpland, 1807 (reprint 2010)). Spatial resilience offers a new way of looking at spatial phenomena in social-ecological systems, but it does not require overthrowing or disregarding the progress that many disciplines have made in our understanding of the importance of spatial variation for complex systems.


Ecosystem Service Land Cover Change Resilience Theory Disciplinary Norm Land Cover Change Analysis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Percy FitzPatrick Institute, DST/NRF Centre of Excellence, University of Cape TownCape TownSouth Africa

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