The Impact of Federations on Student Achievement
In the previous chapter we introduced the concept of a federation, a formal collaborative arrangement between schools that statutorily exists in the English system. In that, and previous, chapters, we have also touched quite a number of times on the perceived advantages of networks and collaboratives in education. However, the bottom line for any educational intervention must be the extent to which it has a positive impact on pupil outcomes. Of course, such outcomes can be varied. Self-esteem, well-being, citizenship, and a disposition towards lifelong learning have all, at various times, been mentioned as goals of schooling and education (Muijs & Reynolds, 2010). However, there exist to our knowledge no education systems where the acquisition of cognitive skills as measured through pupil achievement is not a core goal of the system. The question therefore arises of the extent to which networking and collaboration may positively impact on these outcomes.