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Acceptability Criteria, Justification and Ethical Issues in Using Ionising Radiation

  • Jim MaloneEmail author
  • O. Holmberg
  • R. Czarwinski
Conference paper
Part of the NATO Science for Peace and Security Series B: Physics and Biophysics book series (NAPSB, volume 1)

Abstract

Radiation Protection in medicine is underpinned by the concepts of Justification and Optimization. Both IAEA and EC initiatives now emphasise the need to address the area of Justification urgently. Ethical performance of examinations also requires that they be undertaken on equipment suited for that purpose.

Keywords

Radiation Justification Referral guidelines Clinical audit Criteria for acceptability of equipment Ethical issues in radiology 

References

  1. 1.
    IAEA, Report of a consultation on justification of patient exposures in medical imaging, Radiat Prot Dosimetry 2009 135: 137–144; doi:10.1093/rpd/ncp107 Accessed 10th Aug 2009.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    European Commission (2000). Referral Guidelines for Imaging. 2000. http://ec.europa.eu/energy/nuclear/radioprotection/publication/doc/118_en.pdf (Accessed 10 Aug 2009).
  3. 3.
    European Commission (1997) Criteria for Acceptability of radiological (including radiotherapy and nuclear medicine installations RP 91. European Commission, Luxembourg).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    J. F. Malone Radiation protection in medicine: ethical framework revisited Radiation Protection Dosimetry Advance Access published on March 5, 2009 Radiat Prot Dosimetry 2009 135: 71–78; doi:10.1093/rpd/ncp010 Accessed 10th Aug 2009.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.IAEAViennaAustria
  2. 2.Department of Medical Physics and BioengineeringTrinity College/St James’s HospitalDublinIreland

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