Advertisement

Organoactinide Chemistry: Synthesis and Characterization

  • Carol J. Burns
  • Moris S. Eisen

Abstract

The advent of modern organometallic chemistry has often been cited as the report of the preparation of ferrocene, (Z5–C5H5)2Fe, the first metallic complex containing a p–complexed ligand (Pauson, 1951). It was not long after the report of this compound that comparable analogs of the lanthanides and actinides were reported (Reynolds and Wilkinson, 1956). Since that time, the organometallic chemistry of the actinides has lagged in comparable developments to the chemistry of the transition metals. Recent years, however, have witnessed a resurgence of interest in the non-aqueous chemistry of the actinides, in part due to the availability of a much wider array of ancillary ligands capable of stabilizing new compounds and introducing new types of reactivity. Equally important in stimulating new interest has been the realization by numerous researchers that the organometallic chemistry of these elements provides types of chemical environments that effectively probe the metals’ ability to employ valence 6d and 5f orbitals in chemical bonding. Modern organoactinide chemistry is nowcharacterized by the existence not only of actinide analogs to many classes of d–transition metal complexes (particularly those of Groups 3 and 4), but increasingly common reports of compounds (and types of reactions) unique to the actinide series. Most developments in the non-aqueous chemistry of the actinides have involved the use of thorium and uranium, both due to their lower specific activity, and to the apparent chemical similarity these elements bear to Group 4 metals in organometallic transformations. Uranium has further demonstrated the ability to access a wide range of oxidation states (3+ to 6+) in organic solvents, providing for greater flexibility in effecting chemical transformations.

Keywords

Metal Center Bond Dissociation Enthalpy Ancillary Ligand Metathesis Reaction Base Adduct 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Adam, M., Yunlu, K., and Fischer, R. D. (1990) J. Organomet. Chem., 387, C13–16.Google Scholar
  2. Adam, R., Villiers, C., Ephritikhine, M., Lance, M., Nierlich, M., and Vigner, J. (1993) J. Organomet. Chem., 445, 99–106.Google Scholar
  3. Andersen, R., Carmona-Guzman, E., Mertis, K., Sigurdson, E., and Wilkinson, G. (1975) J. Organomet. Chem., 99, C19–20.Google Scholar
  4. Andersen, R. A. (1979) Inorg. Chem., 18, 1507–9.Google Scholar
  5. Apostolidis, C., Kanellakopulos, B., Maier, R., Marques, N., Pires de Matos, A., and Santos, I. (1990) 20e Journées des Actinides, Prague.Google Scholar
  6. Apostolidis, C., Kanellakopulos, B., Maier, R., Meyer, D., Marques, N., and Rebizant, J. (1991) 21e Journées des Actinides, Montechoro, Portugal.Google Scholar
  7. Apostolidis, C., Carvalho, A., Domingos, A., Kanellakopulos, B., Maier, R., Marques, N., Pires de Matos, A., and Rebizant, J. (1998) Polyhedron, 18, 263–72.Google Scholar
  8. Apostolidis, C., Edelmann, F. T., Kanellakopulos, B., and Reissmann, U. (1999) Z. Naturforsch., B: Chem. Sci., 54, 960–2.Google Scholar
  9. Arduini, A. L., Edelstein, N. M., Jamerson, J. D., Reynolds, J. G., Schmid, K., and Takats, J. (1981) Inorg. Chem., 20, 2470–4.Google Scholar
  10. Arliguie, T., Baudry, D., Ephritikhine, M., Nierlich, M., Lance, M., and Vigner, J. (1992) J. Chem. Soc., Dalton Trans., 1019–24.Google Scholar
  11. Arliguie, T., Lance, M., Nierlich, M., Vigner, J., and Ephritikhine, M. (1994) J. Chem. Soc., Chem. Commun., 847–8.Google Scholar
  12. Arliguie, T., Lance, M., Nierlich, M., Vigner, J., and Ephritikhine, M. (1995) J. Chem. Soc., Chem. Commun., 183–4.Google Scholar
  13. Arliguie, T., Ephritikhine, M., Lance, M., and Nierlich, M. (1996) J. Organomet. Chem., 524, 293–7.Google Scholar
  14. Arliguie, T., Fourmigue, M., and Ephritikhine, M. (2000) Organometallics, 19, 109–11.Google Scholar
  15. Arnaudet, L., Charpin, P., Folcher, G., Lance, M., Nierlich, M., and Vigner, D. (1986) Organometallics, 5, 270–4.Google Scholar
  16. Arney, D. S. J., Burns, C. J., and Smith, D. C. (1992) J. Am. Chem. Soc., 114, 10068–9.Google Scholar
  17. Arney, D. S. J. and Burns, C. J. (1993) J. Am. Chem. Soc., 115, 9840–1.Google Scholar
  18. Arney, D. S. J. and Burns, C. J. (1995) J. Am. Chem. Soc., 117, 9448–60.Google Scholar
  19. Arney, D. S. J., Schnabel, R. C., Scott, B. C., and Burns, C. J. (1996) J. Am. Chem. Soc., 118, 6780–1.Google Scholar
  20. Aslan, H., Yunlu, K., Fischer, D., Bombieri, G., and Benetollo, F. (1988) J. Organomet. Chem., 354, 63–76.Google Scholar
  21. Avdeef, A., Raymond. K. N., Hodgson, K. O., and Zalkin, A. (1972) Inorg. Chem., 11, 1083–8.Google Scholar
  22. Avens, L. R., Burns, C. J., Butcher, R. J., Clark, D. L., Gordon, J. C., Schake, A. R., Scott, B. L., Watkin, J. G., and Zwick, B. D. (2000) Organometallics, 19, 451–7.Google Scholar
  23. Bagnall, K. W. and Edwards, J. (1974) J. Organomet. Chem., 80, C14–16.Google Scholar
  24. Bagnall, K. W., Du Preez, J. G. H., and Warren, R. F. (1975) J. Chem. Soc., Dalton Trans., 140–3.Google Scholar
  25. Bagnall, K. W., Edwards, J., and Heatley, F. (1976) Transplutonium 1975, Proc. 4th Int. Transplutonium Elem. Symp. (eds. W. Mueller and R. Lindner), North-Holland, Amsterdam, pp. 119–22.Google Scholar
  26. Bagnall, K. W., Edwards, J., and Tempest, A. C. (1978a) J. Chem. Soc., Dalton Trans., 295–8.Google Scholar
  27. Bagnall, K. W., Beheshti, A., and Heatley, F. (1978b) J. Less Common Metals, 61, 171–6.Google Scholar
  28. Bagnall, K. W., Plews, M. J., and Brown, D. (1982a) J. Organomet. Chem., 224, 263–6.Google Scholar
  29. Bagnall, K. W., Plews, M. J., Brown, D., Fischer, R. D., Klahne, E., Landgraf, G. W., and Sienel, G. R. (1982b) J. Chem. Soc., Dalton Trans., 1999–2007.Google Scholar
  30. Bagnall, K. W., Payne, G. F., and Brown, D. (1985) J. Less Common Metals, 113, 325–9.Google Scholar
  31. Bagnall, K. W., Payne, G. F., Alcock, N. W., Flanders, D. J., and Brown, D. (1986) J. Chem. Soc., Dalton Trans., 783–7.Google Scholar
  32. Ball, R. G., Edelman, F., Matisons, J. G., Takats, J., Marques, N., Marçalo, J., Pires de Matos, A., and Bagnall, K. W. (1987) Inorg. Chim. Acta, 132, 137–43.Google Scholar
  33. Baranger, A. M., Walsh, P. J., and Bergman, R. G. (1993) J. Am. Chem. Soc., 115, 2753–63.Google Scholar
  34. Baudry, D. and Ephritikhine, M. (1986) J. Organomet. Chem., 311, 189–92.Google Scholar
  35. Baudry, D. and Ephritikhine, M. (1988) J. Organomet. Chem., 349, 123–30.Google Scholar
  36. Baudry, D., Dorion, P., and Ephritikhine, M. (1988) J. Organomet. Chem., 356, 165–71.Google Scholar
  37. Baudry, D., Bulot, E., Charpin, P., Ephritikhine, M., Lance, M., Nierlich, M., and Vigner, J. (1989a) J. Organomet. Chem., 371, 155–62.Google Scholar
  38. Baudry, D., Bulot, E., and Ephritikhine, M. (1989b) J. Chem. Soc., Chem. Commun., 1316–17.Google Scholar
  39. Baudry, D., Bulot, E., Charpin, P., Ephritikhine, M., Lance, M., Nierlich, M., and Vigner, J. (1989c) J. Organomet. Chem., 371, 163–74.Google Scholar
  40. Baudry, D., Bulot, E., Ephritikhine, M., Nierlich, M., Lance, M., and Vigner, J. (1990a) J. Organomet. Chem., 388, 279–87.Google Scholar
  41. Baudry, D., Bulot, E., and Ephritikhine, M. (1990b) J. Organomet. Chem., 397, 169–75.Google Scholar
  42. Baudry, D., Ephritikhine, M., Nief, F., Ricard, L., and Mathey, F. (1990c) Angew. Chem. Int. Edn Engl., 29, 1485–6.Google Scholar
  43. Baudry, D., Dormond, A., and Hafid, A. (1993) New J. Chem., 17, 465–70.Google Scholar
  44. Baudry, D., Dormond, A., and Hafid, A. (1995) J. Organomet. Chem., 494, C22–23.Google Scholar
  45. Baumgärtner, F., Fischer, E. O., Kanellakopulos, B., and Laubereau, P. (1965) Angew. Chem. Inter. Edn, 4, 878.Google Scholar
  46. Baumgärtner, F., Fischer, E. O., Kanellakopulos, B., and Laubereau, P. (1966) Angew. Chem. Inter. Edn, 5, 134.Google Scholar
  47. Baumgärtner, F., Fischer, E. O., and Laubereau, P. (1967) Radiochim. Acta, 7, 188–97.Google Scholar
  48. Baumgärtner, F., Fischer, E. O., Kanellakopulos, B., and Laubereau, P. (1968) Angew. Chem. Inter. Edn, 7, 634.Google Scholar
  49. Baumgärtner, F., Fischer, E. O., Kanellakopulos, B., and Laubereau, P. (1969) Angew. Chem. Inter. Edn, 8, 202.Google Scholar
  50. Baumgärtner, F., Fischer, E. O., Billich, H., Dornberger, E., Kanellakopulos, B., Roth, W., and Steiglitz, L. (1970) J. Organomet. Chem., 22, C17–19.Google Scholar
  51. Bennett, R. L., Bruce, M. I., and Stone, F. G. A. (1971) J. Organomet. Chem., 26, 355–6.Google Scholar
  52. Berthet, J. C., Le Marechal, J. F., and Ephritikhine, M. (1990) J. Organomet. Chem., 393, C47–8.Google Scholar
  53. Berthet, J. C., Lance, M., Nierlich, M., Vigner, J., and Ephritikhine, M. (1991a) J. Organomet. Chem., 420, C9–11.Google Scholar
  54. Berthet, J. C., Le Marechal, J.-F., Nierlich, M., Lance, M.., Vigner, J., and Ephritikhine, M. (1991b) J. Organomet. Chem., 408, 335–41.Google Scholar
  55. Berthet, J. C. and Ephritikhine, M. (1992) New J. Chem., 16, 767–8.Google Scholar
  56. Berthet, J. C., Villiers, C., Le Marechal, J.-F., Delavaux-Nicot, B., Lance, M., Nierlich, M., Vigner, J., and Ephritikhine, M. (1992a) J. Organomet. Chem., 440, 53–65.Google Scholar
  57. Berthet, J. C., Le Marechal, J.-F., Lance, M., Nierlich, M., Vigner, J., and Ephritikhine, M. (1992b) J. Chem. Soc., Dalton Trans., 1573–7.Google Scholar
  58. Berthet, J. C., Ephritikhine, M., Lance, M., Nierlich, M., and Vigner, J. (1993) J. Organomet. Chem., 460, 47–53.Google Scholar
  59. Berthet, J. C. and Ephritikhine, M. (1993) J. Chem. Soc, Chem. Commun., 1566–7.Google Scholar
  60. Berthet, J. C., Le Marechal, J. F., and Ephritikhine, M. (1994) J. Organomet. Chem., 480, 155–61.Google Scholar
  61. Berthet, J. C., Boisson, C., Lance, M., Vigner, J., Nierlich, M., and Ephritikhine, M. (1995) J. Chem. Soc., Dalton Trans., 18, 3027–33.Google Scholar
  62. Berthet, J. C., Lance, M., Nierlich, M., and Ephritikhine, M. (1998) Chem. Commun., 1373–4.Google Scholar
  63. Berthet, J. C., Nierlich, M., and Ephritikhine, M. (2002) Comptes Rendus Chimie, 5, 81–7.Google Scholar
  64. Beshouri, S. M. and Zalkin, A. (1989) Acta Crystallogr., Sect. C, 45, 1221–2.Google Scholar
  65. Bettonville, S., Goffart, J., and Fuger, J. (1989) J. Organomet. Chem., 377, 59–67.Google Scholar
  66. Bettonville, S., Goffart, J., and Fuger, J. (1990) J. Organomet. Chem., 393, 205–11.Google Scholar
  67. Billiau, F., Folcher, G., Marquet-Ellis, H., Rigny, P., and Saito, E. (1981) J. Am. Chem. Soc., 103, 5603–4.Google Scholar
  68. Blake, P. C., Lappert, M. F., Atwood, J. L., and Zhang, H. (1986a) J. Chem. Soc., Chem. Commun., 1148–9.Google Scholar
  69. Blake, P. C., Lappert, M. F., Taylor, R. G., Atwood, J. L., Hunter, W. E., and Zhang, H. (1986b) J. Chem. Soc., Chem. Commun., 1394–5.Google Scholar
  70. Blake, P. C., Lappert, M. F., Taylor, R. G., Atwood, J. L., and Zhang, H. (1987) Inorg. Chim. Acta, 139, 13–20.Google Scholar
  71. Blake, P. C., Lappert, M. F., Atwood, J. L., and Zhang, H. (1988) J. Chem. Soc., Chem. Commun., 1436–8.Google Scholar
  72. Blake, P. C., Lappert, M. F., Taylor, R. G., Atwood, J. L., Hunter, W. E., and Zhang, H. (1995) J. Chem. Soc., Dalton Trans., 3335–41.Google Scholar
  73. Blake, P. C., Edelman, M. A., Hitchcock, P. B., Hu, J., Lappert, M. F., Tian, S., Muller, G., Atwood, J. L., and Zhang, H. (1998) J. Organomet. Chem., 551, 261–70.Google Scholar
  74. Blake, P. C., Edelstein, N. M., Hitchcock, P. B., Kot, W. K., Lappert, M. F., Shalimoff, G. V., and Tian, S. (2001) J. Organomet. Chem., 636, 124–9.Google Scholar
  75. Boaretto, R., Roussel, P., Kingsley, A. J., Munslow, I. J., Sanders, C. J., Alcock, N. W., and Scott, P. (1999) Chem. Commun, 1701–2.Google Scholar
  76. Boisson, C. J., Berthet, J. C., Lance, M., Nierlich, M., Vigner, J., and Ephritikhine, M. (1995) J. Chem. Soc., Chem. Commun., 543–4.Google Scholar
  77. Boisson, C., Berthet, J. C., Lance, M., Vigner, J., Nierlich, M., and Ephritikhine, M. (1996a) J. Chem. Soc., Dalton Trans., 947–53.Google Scholar
  78. Boisson, C., Berthet, J. C., Ephritikhine, M., Lance, M., and Nierlich, M. (1996b) J. Organomet. Chem., 522, 249–57.Google Scholar
  79. Boisson, C., Berthet, J. C., Lance, M., Nierlich, M., and Ephritikhine, M. (1997) Fr. Chem. Commun., 2129–30.Google Scholar
  80. Bombieri, G., De Paoli, G., Del Pra, A., and Bagnall, K. W. (1978) Inorg. Nucl. Chem. Lett., 14, 359–61.Google Scholar
  81. Boussie, T. R., Moore, R. M. Jr, Streitwieser, A., Zalkin, A., Brennan, J., and Smith, K. A. (1990) Organometallics, 9, 2010–16.Google Scholar
  82. Brandi, G., Brunelli, M., Lugli, G., and Mazzei, A. (1973) Inorg. Chim. Acta, 7, 319–22.Google Scholar
  83. Brennan, J. G. and Zalkin, A. (1985) Acta Crystallogr., Sect. C, 41, 1038–40.Google Scholar
  84. Brennan, J. G. and Andersen, R. A. (1985) J. Am. Chem. Soc., 107, 514–16.Google Scholar
  85. Brennan, J. G., Andersen, R. A., and Zalkin, A. (1986a) Inorg. Chem., 25, 1756–60.Google Scholar
  86. Brennan, J. G., Andersen, R. A., and Zalkin, A. (1986b) Inorg. Chem., 25, 1761–4.Google Scholar
  87. Brennan, J. G., Andersen, R. A., and Robbins, J. L. (1986c) J. Am. Chem. Soc., 108, 335–6.Google Scholar
  88. Brennan, J. G., Stults, S. D., Andersen, R. A. and Zalkin, A. (1987) Inorg. Chim. Acta, 139, 201–2.Google Scholar
  89. Brennan, J. G., Stults, S. D., Andersen, R. A., and Zalkin, A. (1988a) Organometallics, 7, 1329–34.Google Scholar
  90. Brennan, J. G., Andersen, R. A., and Zalkin, A. (1988b) J. Am. Chem. Soc., 110, 4554–8.Google Scholar
  91. Brennan, J. G., Green, J. C., and Redfern, C. M. (1989) J. Am. Chem. Soc., 111, 2373–7.Google Scholar
  92. Broach, R. W., Schultz, A. J., Williams, J. M., Brosn, G. M., Manriquez, J. M., Fagan, P. J., and Marks, T. J. (1979) Science, 203, 172–4.Google Scholar
  93. Brunelli, M., Lugli, G., and Giacometti, G. (1973) J. Magn. Reson., 9, 247–54.Google Scholar
  94. Bruno, J. W., Kalina, D. G., Mintz, E. A. and Marks, T. J. (1982). J. Am. Chem. Soc., 104, 1860–9.Google Scholar
  95. Bruno, J. W., Marks, T. J., and Morss, L. R. (1983) J. Am. Chem. Soc., 105, 6824–32.Google Scholar
  96. Bruno, J. W., Smith, G. M., Marks, T. J., Fair, C. K., Schultz, A. J., and Williams, J. M. (1986a) J. Am. Chem. Soc., 108, 40–56.Google Scholar
  97. Bruno, J. W., Stecher, H. A., Morss, L. R., Sonnenberger, D. C., and Marks, T. J. (1986b) J. Am. Chem. Soc., 108, 7275–80.Google Scholar
  98. Burns, J. H. and Laubereau, P. G. (1971) Inorg. Chem., 10, 2789–92.Google Scholar
  99. Burns, J. H. (1974) J. Organomet. Chem., 69, 235–43.Google Scholar
  100. Burns, C. J. and Bursten, B. E. (1989) Comments Inorg. Chem., 9, 61–93.Google Scholar
  101. Burns, C. J., Smith, W. H., Huffman, J. C., and Sattelberger, A. P. (1990) J. Am. Chem. Soc., 112, 3237–9.Google Scholar
  102. Butcher, R. J., Clark, D. L., Grumbine, S. K., Scott, B. L., and Watkin, J. G. (1996) Organometallics, 15, 1488–96.Google Scholar
  103. Calderazzo, F. (1973) Pure Appl. Chem., 33, 453–74.Google Scholar
  104. Campbell, G. C., Cotton, F. A., Haw, J. F., and Schwotzer, W. (1986) Organometallics, 5, 274–9.Google Scholar
  105. Campello, M. P. C., Domingos, A., and Santos, I. (1993) X FECHEM Conf. on Organo-metallic Chemistry, Crete.Google Scholar
  106. Campello, M. P. C., Domingos, A., and Santos, I. (1994) J. Organomet. Chem., 484, 37–46.Google Scholar
  107. Campello, M. P. C., Calhorda, M. J., Domingos, A., Galvao, A., Leal, J. P., Pires de Matos, A., and Santos, I. (1997) J. Organomet. Chem., 538, 223–40.Google Scholar
  108. Campello, M. P., Domingos, A., Galvão, A., Pires de Matos, A., and Santos, I. (1999) J. Organomet. Chem., 579, 5–17.Google Scholar
  109. Carvalho, A., Domingos, A., Gaspar, P., Marques, N., Pires de Matos, A., and Santos, I. (1992) Polyhedron, 11, 1481–8.Google Scholar
  110. Cendrowski-Guillaume, S. M., Lance, M., Nierlich, M., Vigner, J., and Ephritikhine, M. (1994) J. Chem. Soc., Chem. Commun., 1655–7.Google Scholar
  111. Cendrowski-Guillaume, S. M., and Ephritikhine, M. (1996) J. Chem. Soc., Dalton Trans., 1487–91.Google Scholar
  112. Cendrowski-Guillaume, S. M., Lance, M., Nierlich, M., and Ephritikhine, M. (2000) Organometallics, 19, 3257–59.Google Scholar
  113. Cendrowski-Guillaume, S. M., Lance, M., and Ephritikhine, M. (2001) Eur. J. Inorg. Chem., 1495–8.Google Scholar
  114. Cendrowski-Guillaume, S. M., Lance, M., and Ephritikhine, M. (2002) J. Organomet. Chem., 643–644, 209–13.Google Scholar
  115. Cesari, M., Pedretti, U., Zazetta, A., Lugli, G., and Marconi, W. (1971) Inorg. Chim. Acta., 5, 439.Google Scholar
  116. Chang, C. C., Sung- Yu, N. K., Hseu, C. S., and Chang, C. T. (1979) Inorg. Chem., 18, 885–6.Google Scholar
  117. Chang, A. H. H. and Pitzer, R. M. (1989) J. Am. Chem. Soc., 111, 2500–7.Google Scholar
  118. Chang, A. H. H., Zhao, K., Ermler, W. C., and Pitzer, R. M. (1994) J. Alloys Compd., 213–214, 191–5.Google Scholar
  119. Clark, D. L., Sattelberger, A. P., Bott, S. G., and Vrtis, R. N. (1989) Inorg. Chem., 28, 1771–3.Google Scholar
  120. Clark, D. L., Gordon, J. C., Huffman, J. C., Watkin, J. G., and Zwick, B. D. (1995) New J. Chem., 19, 495–502.Google Scholar
  121. Cloke, F. G. N., Hawkes, S. A., Hitchcock, P. B., and Scott, P. (1994) Organometallics, 13, 2895–7.Google Scholar
  122. Cloke, F. G. N. and Hitchcock, P. B. (1997) J. Am. Chem. Soc., 119, 7899–900.Google Scholar
  123. Cloke, F. G. N., Green, J. C., and Jardine, C. N. (1999) Organometallics, 18, 1080–86.Google Scholar
  124. Collin, J., Pires de Matos, A., and Santos, I. (1993) J. Organomet. Chem., 463, 103–7.Google Scholar
  125. Cotton, F. A. and Schwotzer, W. (1985) Organometallics, 4, 942–3.Google Scholar
  126. Cotton, F. A. and Schwotzer, W. (1987) Organometallics, 6, 1275–80.Google Scholar
  127. Cotton, F. A., Wilkinson, G., and Murrillo, C. (1999) Advanced Inorganic Chemistry, John Wiley, New York.Google Scholar
  128. Cramer, R. E., Maynard, R. B., Paw, J. C., and Gilje, J. W. (1981) J. Am. Chem. Soc., 103, 3589–90.Google Scholar
  129. Cramer, R. E., Maynard, R. B., Paw, J. C., and Gilje, J. W. (1982) Organometallics, 1, 869–71.Google Scholar
  130. Cramer, R. E., Maynard, R. B., Paw, J. C., and Gilje, J. W. (1983) Organometallics, 2, 1336–40.Google Scholar
  131. Cramer, R. E., Panchanatheswaran, K., and Gilje, J. W. (1984a) J. Am. Chem. Soc., 106, 1853–54.Google Scholar
  132. Cramer, R. E., Higa, K. T., and Gilje, J. W. (1984b) J. Am. Chem. Soc., 106, 7245–7.Google Scholar
  133. Cramer, R. E., Jeong, J. H., and Gilje, J. W. (1986) Organometallics, 5, 2555–7.Google Scholar
  134. Cramer, R. E., Engelhardt, U., Higa, K. T., and Gilje, J. W. (1987a) Organometallics, 6, 41–5.Google Scholar
  135. Cramer, R. E., Jeong, J. H., and Gilje, J. W. (1987b) Organometallics, 6, 2010–12.Google Scholar
  136. Cramer, R. E., Edelmann, F., Mori, A. L., Roth, S., Gilje, J. W., Tatsumi, K., and Nakamura, A. (1988) Organometalics, 7, 841–9.Google Scholar
  137. Crisler, L. R. and Eggerman, W. G. (1974). J. Inorg. Nucl. Chem., 36, 1424–6.Google Scholar
  138. Cymbaluk, T. H., Ernst, R. E., and Day, V. W. (1983a) Organometallics, 2, 963–8.Google Scholar
  139. Cymbaluk, T. H., Liu, J. Z., and Ernst, R. D. (1983b) J. Organomet. Chem., 255, 311–15.Google Scholar
  140. Dash, A. K., Wang, J. X., Berthet, J. C., Ephritikhine, M., and Eisen, M. S. (2000) J. Organomet. Chem., 604, 83–98.Google Scholar
  141. Dash, A. K., Gourevich, I., Wang, J. Q., Wang, J., Kapon, M., and Eisen, M. S. (2001) Organometallics, 20, 5084–104.Google Scholar
  142. del Mar Conejo, M., Parry, J. S., Carmona, E., Schultz, M., Brennan, J. G., Beshouri, S. M., Andersen, R. A., Rogers, R. D., Coles, S., and Hursthouse, M. (1999) Chem. Eur. J., 5, 3000–9.Google Scholar
  143. Den Auwer, C., Madic, C., Berthet, J. C., Ephritikhine, M., Rehr, J. J., and Guillaumont, R. (1997) Radiochim. Acta, 76, 211–18.Google Scholar
  144. Deng, D. L., Zhang, X. F., Qian, C. T., Sun, J., and Zheng, P. J. (1996) J. Chen, Chin. Chem. Lett., 7, 1143–4.Google Scholar
  145. De Rege, F. M., Smith, W. H., Scott, B. L., Nielsen, J. B., and Abney, K. D. (1998) Inorg. Chem., 37, 3664–6.Google Scholar
  146. De Ridder, D. J. A., Apostolidis, C., Rebizant, J., Kanellakopulos, B., and Maier, R. (1996) Acta Crystallogr., Sect. C, 52, 1436–8.Google Scholar
  147. Diaconescu, P. L., Arnold, P. L., Baker, T. A., Mindiola, D. J., and Cummins, C. C.(2000) J. Am. Chem. Soc., 122, 6108–9.Google Scholar
  148. Diaconescu, P. L., Odom, A. L., Agapie, T., and Cummins, C. C. (2001) Organometallics, 20, 4993–5.Google Scholar
  149. Diaconescu, P. L. and Cummins, C. C. (2002) J. Am. Chem. Soc., 124, 7660–1.Google Scholar
  150. Diener, M. D., Smith, C. A., and Viers, D. K. (1997) Chem. Mater., 9, 1773–7.Google Scholar
  151. Domingos, A., Pires de Matos, A., and Santos, I. (1989a) J. Less Common Metals, 149, 279–85.Google Scholar
  152. Domingos, A., Marçalo, J., Marques, N., Pires de Matos, A., Takats, J., and Bagnall, K. W. (1989b) J. Less Common Metals, 149, 271–7.Google Scholar
  153. Domingos, A., Marques, N., and Pires de Matos, A. (1990) Polyhedron, 9, 69–74.Google Scholar
  154. Domingos, A., Marques, N., Pires de Matos, A., Santos, I., and Silva, M. (1992a) Polyhedron, 11, 2021–5.Google Scholar
  155. Domingos, A., Pires de Matos, A., and Santos, I. (1992b) Polyhedron, 11, 1601–6.Google Scholar
  156. Domingos, A., Marçalo, J., and Pires de Matos, A. (1992c) Polyhedron, 11, 909–15.Google Scholar
  157. Domingos, A., Marçalo, J., Marques, N., and Pires de Matos, A. (1992d) Polyhedron, 11, 501–6.Google Scholar
  158. Domingos, A., Marques, N., Pires de Matos, A., Santos, I., and Silva, M. (1994) Organometallics, 13, 654–62.Google Scholar
  159. Dormond, A. and Moise, C. (1985) Polyhedron, 4, 595–8.Google Scholar
  160. Dormond, A., El Bouadili, A. A., and Moise, C. (1984) J. Chem. Soc., Chem. Commun., 749–51.Google Scholar
  161. Dormond, A., El Bouadili, A. A., and Moise, C. (1985) J. Chem. Soc., Chem. Commun., 914–16.Google Scholar
  162. Dormond, A., Aaliti, A., and Moise, C. (1986a) Tetrahedron Lett., 27, 1497–8.Google Scholar
  163. Dormond, A., El Bouadili, A. A., and Moise, C. (1986b) J. Less Common Metals, 122, 159–66.Google Scholar
  164. Dormond, A., El Bouadili, A. A., and Moise, C. (1987a) J. Org. Chem., 52, 688–9.Google Scholar
  165. Dormond, A., Aaliti, A., Elbouadili, A., and Moise, C. (1987b) J. Organomet. Chem., 329, 187–99.Google Scholar
  166. Dormond, A., Aaliti, A., and Moise, C. (1988) J. Org. Chem., 53, 1034–7.Google Scholar
  167. Dormond, A., El Bouadili, A. A., and Moise, C. (1989a) J. Org. Chem., 54, 3747–8.Google Scholar
  168. Dormond, A., El Bouadili, A. A., and Moise, C. (1989b) J. Organomet. Chem., 369, 171–85.Google Scholar
  169. Dormond, A., Hepiegne, P., Hafid, A., and Moise, C. (1990) J. Organomet. Chem., 398, C1–3.Google Scholar
  170. Dormond, A., Baudry, D., Vissequx, M., and Hepiegne, P. (1994) J. Alloys Compd., 213/214, 1–7.Google Scholar
  171. Doretti, L., Zanella, P., Faraglia, G., and Faleschini, S. (1972) J. Organomet. Chem., 43, 339–41.Google Scholar
  172. Duttera, M. R., Fagan, P. J., Marks, T. J., and Day, V. W. (1982) J. Am. Chem. Soc., 104, 865–7.Google Scholar
  173. Duttera, M. R., Day, V. W., and Marks, T. J. (1984) J. Am. Chem. Soc., 106, 2907–12.Google Scholar
  174. Duval, P. B., Burns, C. J., Clark, D. L., Morris, D. E., Scott, B. L., Werkema, E. L., Jia, L., and Andersen, R. A. (2001) Angew. Chem. Int. Edn, 40, 3358–61.Google Scholar
  175. Edelman, M. A., Lappert, M. F., Atwood, J. L., and Zhang, H. (1987) Inorg. Chim. Acta, 139, 185–6.Google Scholar
  176. Edelman, M. A., Hitchcock, P. B., Hu, J., and Lappert, M. F. (1995) New J. Chem., 19, 481–9.Google Scholar
  177. Edwards, P. G., Andersen, R. A., and Zalkin, A. (1981) J. Am. Chem. Soc., 103, 7792–4.Google Scholar
  178. Edwards, P. G., Andersen, R. A., and Zalkin, A. (1984) Organometallics, 3, 293–8.Google Scholar
  179. Eigenbrot, C. W. Jr, and Raymond, K. N. (1982) Inorg. Chem., 21, 2653–60.Google Scholar
  180. Eisenberg, D. C., Streitwieser, A., and Kot, W. K. (1990) Inorg. Chem., 29, 10–14.Google Scholar
  181. Erker, G., Mühlenbernd, T., Benn, R., and Rufinska, A. (1986) Organometallics, 5, 402–4.Google Scholar
  182. Ernst, R. D., Kennelly, W. J., Day, C. S., Day, V. W., and Marks, T. J. (1979) J. Am. Chem. Soc., 101, 2656–64.Google Scholar
  183. Evans, W. J., Forrestal, K. J., and Ziller, J. W. (1997) Angew. Chem. Int. Edn. Engl., 36, 774–6.Google Scholar
  184. Evans, W. J., Nyce, G. W., and Ziller, J. W. (2000) Angew. Chem. Int. Edn. Engl., 39, 240–2.Google Scholar
  185. Evans, W. J., Nyce, G. W., Forrestal, K. J., and Ziller, J. W. (2002) Organometallics, 21, 1050–5.Google Scholar
  186. Fagan, P. J., Manriquez, J. M., Maata, E. A., Seyam, A. M., and Marks, T. J. (1981a) J. Am. Chem. Soc., 103, 6650–67.Google Scholar
  187. Fagan, P. J., Manriquez, J. M., Vollmer, S. H., Day, C. S., Day, V. W., and Marks, T. J. (1981b) J. Am. Chem. Soc., 103, 2206–20.Google Scholar
  188. Fagan, P. J., Manriquez, J. M., Marks, T. J., Day, C. S., Vollmer, S. H., and Day, V. W. (1982) Organometallics, 1, 170–80.Google Scholar
  189. Fendrick, C. M. and Marks, T. J. (1986) J. Am. Chem. Soc., 108, 425–37.Google Scholar
  190. Fendrick, C. M., Schertz, L. D., Day, V. W., and Marks, T. J. (1988) Organometallics, 7, 1828–38.Google Scholar
  191. Finke, R. G., Schiraldi, D. A., and Hirose, Y. (1981a) J. Am. Chem. Soc., 103, 1875–6.Google Scholar
  192. Finke, R. G., Hirose, Y., and Gaughan, G. (1981b) J. Chem. Soc, Chem. Commun., 232–4.Google Scholar
  193. Finke, R. G., Gaughan, G., and Voegli, R. (1982) J. Organomet. Chem., 229, 179–84.Google Scholar
  194. Fischer, E. O. and Hafner, W. (1955) Z. Naturforsch., 10b, 665.Google Scholar
  195. Fischer, E. O. and Hristidu, Y. (1962) Z. Naturforsch., 17b, 275–6.Google Scholar
  196. Fischer, E. O. and Treiber, A. (1962) Z. Naturforsch., 17b, 276.Google Scholar
  197. Fischer, E. O. and Fischer, H. (1963) J. Organomet. Chem., 6, 141–50.Google Scholar
  198. Fischer, E. O., Laubereau, P., Baumgärtner, F., and Kanellakopulos, B. (1966) J. Organomet. Chem., 5, 583–4.Google Scholar
  199. Fischer, R. D. (1963) Theor. Chim. Acta, 1, 418.Google Scholar
  200. Fischer, R. D. and Sienel, G. R. (1976) Z. Anorg. Allg. Chem., 419, 126–38.Google Scholar
  201. Fischer, R. D. and Sienel, G. R. (1978) J. Organomet. Chem., 156, 383–8.Google Scholar
  202. Fischer, R. D., Klähne, E., and Köpf, J. (1978) Z. Naturf., 33b, 1393–7.Google Scholar
  203. Fischer, R. D., Klähne, E., and Köpf, J. (1982) J. Organomet. Chem., 238, 99–111.Google Scholar
  204. Fronczek, F. R., Halstead, G. W., and Raymond, K. N. (1977) J. Am. Chem. Soc., 99, 1769–75.Google Scholar
  205. Gabala, A. E. and Tsutsui, M. (1973) J. Am. Chem. Soc., 95, 91.Google Scholar
  206. Garbar, A. V., Leonov, M. R., Zakharov, L. N., and Struchkov, Y. T. (1996) Russ. Chem. Bull., 45, 451–4.Google Scholar
  207. Gilbert, T. M., Ryan, R. R., and Sattelberger, A. P. (1988) Organometallics, 7, 2514–18.Google Scholar
  208. Gilman, H. (1968) Adv. Organomet. Chem., 7, 33.Google Scholar
  209. Goffart, J., Fuger, J., Gilbert, B., Kanellakopulos, B., and Duyckaerts, G. (1972) Inorg. Nucl. Chem. Lett., 8, 403–12.Google Scholar
  210. Goffart, J., Fuger, J., Brown, D., and Duyckaerts, G. (1974) Inorg. Nucl. Chem. Lett., 10, 413–19.Google Scholar
  211. Goffart, J., Fuger, J., Gilbert, B., Hocks, L., and Duyckaerts, G. (1975) Inorg. Nucl. Chem. Lett., 11, 569–83.Google Scholar
  212. Goffart, J., Gilbert, B., and Duyckaerts, G. (1977) Inorg. Nucl. Chem. Lett., 13, 186–96.Google Scholar
  213. Goffart, J. and Duyckaerts, G. (1978) Inorg. Nucl. Chem. Lett., 14, 15–20.Google Scholar
  214. Goffart, J. (1979) in Organometallics of the f-Elements (eds. T. J. Marks and R. D. Fischer), ReIDel, Dordrecht.Google Scholar
  215. Goffart, J., Meunier-Piret, J., and Duyckaerts, G. (1980) Inorg. Nucl.Chem. Lett., 16, 233–44.Google Scholar
  216. Goffart, J., Desreux, J. F., Gilbert, B. P., Delsa, J. L., Renkin, J. M., and Duyckaerts, G. (1981) J. Organomet. Chem., 209, 281–96.Google Scholar
  217. Gourier, D., Caurant, D., Berthet, J. C., Boisson, C., and Ephritikhine, M. (1997) Inorg. Chem., 36, 5931–6.Google Scholar
  218. Gourier, D., Caurant, D., Arliguie, T., and Ephritikhine, M. (1998) J. Am. Chem. Soc., 120, 6084–92.Google Scholar
  219. Gradoz, P., Baudry, D., Ephritikhine, M., Nief, F., and Mathey, F. (1992a) J. Chem. Soc., Dalton Trans., 3047–51.Google Scholar
  220. Gradoz, P., Boisson, C., Baudry, D., Lance, M., Nierlich, M., Vigner, J., and Ephritikhine, M. (1992b) J. Chem. Soc., Chem. Commun., 1720–1.Google Scholar
  221. Gradoz, P., Baudry, D., Ephritikhine, M., Lance, M., Nierlich, M., and Vigner, J. (1994a) J. Organomet. Chem., 466, 107–18.Google Scholar
  222. Gradoz, P., Ephritikhine, M., Lance, M., Vigner, J., and Nierlich, M. (1994b) J. Organomet. Chem., 481, 69–73.Google Scholar
  223. Green, J. C. and Watts, O. (1978) J. Organomet. Chem., 153, C40.Google Scholar
  224. Green, J. C., Payne, M., Seddon, E. A., and Andersen, R. A. (1982) J. Chem. Soc., Dalton Trans., 887–92.Google Scholar
  225. Guo, T., Diener, M. D., Chai, Y., Alford, M. J., Haufler, R. E., McClure, S. M., Ohno, T., Weaver, J. H., Scuseria, G. E., and Smalley, R. E. (1992) Science, 257, 1661–4.Google Scholar
  226. HafID, A., Dormond, A., and Baudry, D. (1994) New J. Chem., 18, 557–9.Google Scholar
  227. Hall, S. W., Huffman, J. C., Miller, M. M., Avens, L. R., Burns, C. J., Arney, D. S. J., England, A. F., and Sattelberger, A. P. (1993) Organometallics, 12, 752–8.Google Scholar
  228. Halstead, G. W., Baker, E. C., and Raymond, K. N. (1975) J. Am. Chem. Soc., 97, 3049–52.Google Scholar
  229. Harmon, C. A., Bauer, D. P., Berryhill, S. R., Hagiwara, K., and Streitwieser, A. J. (1977) Inorg. Chem., 16, 2143–7.Google Scholar
  230. Haskel, A., Straub, T., and Eisen, M. S. (1996) Organometallics, 15, 3773–6.Google Scholar
  231. Haufler, R. E., Conceicao, J., Chibante, L. P. F., Chai, Y., Byrne, N. E., Flanagan, S., Haley, M. M., O’Brien, S. C., Pan, C., Xiao, Z., Billups, W. E., Cuifolini, M. A., Hauge, R. H., Margraves, J. L., Wilson, L. J., Curl, R. F., and Smalley, R. E. (1990) J. Phys. Chem., 94, 8634–6.Google Scholar
  232. Hay, P. J., Ryan, R. R., Salazar, K. V., Wrobleski, D. A., and Sattelberger, A. P. (1986) J. Am. Chem. Soc., 108, 313–15.Google Scholar
  233. Hayes, R. G. and Edelstein, N. (1972) J. Am. Chem. Soc., 94, 8688.Google Scholar
  234. Hitchcock, P. B., Lappert, M. F., and Liu, D.-S. (1995) J. Organomet. Chem., 488, 241–8.Google Scholar
  235. Hitchcock, P. B., Hu, J., Lappert, M. F., and Tian, S. (1997) J. Organomet. Chem., 536/537, 473–80.Google Scholar
  236. Hodgson, K. O. and Raymond, K. N. (1973) Inorg. Chem., 12, 458–66.Google Scholar
  237. Jamerson, J. D., Masino, A. P., and Takats, J. (1974) J. Organomet. Chem., 65, C33–6.Google Scholar
  238. Jamerson, J. D. and Takats, J. (1974) J. Organomet. Chem., 78, C23–5.Google Scholar
  239. Jemine, X., Goffart, J., Berthet, J. C., and Ephritikhine, M. (1992) J. Chem. Soc., Dalton Trans., 2439–40.Google Scholar
  240. Jemine, X., Goffart, J., Leverd, P. C., and Ephritikhine, M. (1994) J. Organomet. Chem., 469, 55–7.Google Scholar
  241. Kalina, D. G., Marks, T. J., and Wachter, W. A. (1977) J. Am. Chem. Soc., 99, 3877–9.Google Scholar
  242. Kaltsoyannis, N. and Scott, P. (1998) Chem. Commun., 1665–6.Google Scholar
  243. Kanellakopulos, B., Dornberger, E., and Baumgärtner, F. (1974a) Inorg. Nucl. Chem. Lett., 10, 155–60.Google Scholar
  244. Kanellakopulos, B., Dornberger, E., and Billich, H. (1974b) J. Organomet. Chem., 76, C42–4.Google Scholar
  245. Kanellakopulos, B., Aderhold, C., and Dornberger, E. (1974c) J. Organomet. Chem., 66, 447–51.Google Scholar
  246. Kanellakopulos, B., Fischer, E. O., Dornberger, E., and Baumgärtner, F. (1980). J. Organomet. Chem., 24, 507–14.Google Scholar
  247. Karraker, D. G., Stone, J. A., Jones, E. R. Jr, and Edelstein, N. (1970) J. Am. Chem. Soc., 92, 4841–5.Google Scholar
  248. Karraker, D. G. and Stone, J. A. (1972) Inorg. Chem., 11, 1742–6.Google Scholar
  249. Karraker, D. G. (1973) Inorg. Chem., 12, 1105–8.Google Scholar
  250. Karraker, D. G. and Stone, J. A. (1974) J. Am. Chem. Soc., 96, 6885–8.Google Scholar
  251. Karraker, D. G. and Stone, J. A. (1977) J. Inorg. Nucl. Chem., 39, 2215–17.Google Scholar
  252. Karraker, D. G. and Stone, J. A. (1979) Inorg. Chem., 18, 2205–7.Google Scholar
  253. Karraker, D. G. (1983) Inorg. Chem., 22, 503–6.Google Scholar
  254. Karraker, D. G. (1987) Inorg. Chim. Acta, 139, 189–91.Google Scholar
  255. Kiplinger, J. K., Morris, D. E., Scott, B. L., and Burns, C. J. (2002) Chem. Commun, 30–2.Google Scholar
  256. Korobkov, I., Gambarotta, S., and Yap, G. P. A. (2001a) Organometallics, 20, 2552–9.Google Scholar
  257. Korobkov, I., Gambarotta, S., Yap, G. P. A., Thompson, L., and Hay, P. J. (2001b) Organometallics, 20, 5440–5.Google Scholar
  258. Kot, W. K., Shalimoff, G. V., Edelstein, N. M., Edelman, M. A., and Lappert, M. F. (1988) J. Am. Chem. Soc., 110, 986–7.Google Scholar
  259. Laubereau, P. (1970) Inorg. Nucl. Chem. Lett., 6, 611.Google Scholar
  260. Laubereau, P. and Burns, J. (1970a) Inorg. Nucl. Chem. Lett., 6, 59–63.Google Scholar
  261. Laubereau, P. and Burns, J. (1970b) Inorg. Chem., 9, 1091–5.Google Scholar
  262. Laubereau, P. G., Ganguly, L., Burns, J. H., Benjamin, B. M., Atwood, J. L., and Selbin, J. (1971) Inorg. Chem., 10, 2274–80.Google Scholar
  263. Lauke, H., Swepston, P. N., and Marks, T. J. (1984) J. Am. Chem. Soc., 106, 6841–3.Google Scholar
  264. Le Borgne, T., Lance, M., Nierlich, M., and Ephritikhine, M. (2000) J. Organomet. Chem., 598, 313–17.Google Scholar
  265. Le Marechal, J.-F., Ephritikhine, M., and Folcher, G. (1986) J. Organomet. Chem., 299, 89–95.Google Scholar
  266. Le Marechal, J.-F., Villiers, C., Charpin, P., Lance, M., Nierlich, M., Vigner, J., and Ephritikhine, M. (1989) J. Chem. Soc., Chem. Commun., 308–10.Google Scholar
  267. Leal, J. P., Marques, N., Pires de Matos, A., Calhorda, M. J., Galvao, A. M., and Simoes, J. A. M. (1992) Organometallics, 11, 1632–7.Google Scholar
  268. Leal, J. P., Marques, N., and Takats, J. (2001) J. Organomet. Chem., 632, 209–14.Google Scholar
  269. Lee, H., Desrosiers, P. J., Guzei, I., Rheingold, A. L., and Parkin, G. (1998) J. Am. Chem. Soc., 120, 3255–6.Google Scholar
  270. Leong, J., Hodgson, K. O., and Raymond, K. N. (1973) Inorg. Chem., 12, 1329–35.Google Scholar
  271. Lescop, C., Arliguie, T., Lance, M., Nierlich, M., and Ephritikhine, M. (1999) J. Organomet. Chem., 580, 137–44.Google Scholar
  272. Le Vanda, C., Solar, J. P., and Streitwieser, A. (1980) J. Am. Chem. Soc., 102, 2128–9.Google Scholar
  273. Le Vanda, C. and Streitwieser, A. J. (1981) Inorg. Chem., 20, 656–9.Google Scholar
  274. Leverd, P. C., Arliguie, T., Lance, M., Nierlich, M., Vigner, J., and Ephritikhine, M. (1994) J. Chem. Soc., Dalton Trans., 501–4.Google Scholar
  275. Leverd, P. C., Ephritikhine, M., Lance, M., Vigner, J., and Nierlich, M. (1996) J. Organomet. Chem., 507, 229–37.Google Scholar
  276. Li, J. and Bursten, B. E. (1997) J. Am. Chem. Soc., 119, 9021–32.Google Scholar
  277. Lin, Z. R., Brock, C. P., and Marks, T. J. (1988) Inorg. Chim. Acta, 141, 145–9.Google Scholar
  278. Lugli, G., Marconi, W., Mazzei, A., Palladino, N., and Pedretti, U. (1969) Inorg. Chim. Acta, 3, 253–4.Google Scholar
  279. Luke, W. D. and Streitwieser, A. J. (1981) J. Am. Chem. Soc., 103, 3241–3.Google Scholar
  280. Luke, W. D., Berryhill, S. R., and Streitwieser, A. Jr (1981) Inorg. Chem., 20, 3086–9.Google Scholar
  281. Lukens, W. W. Jr, Beshouri, S. M., Blosch, L. L., and Andersen, R. A. (1996) J. Am. Chem. Soc., 118, 901–2.Google Scholar
  282. Lukens, W. W. Jr, Beshouri, S. M., Blosch, L. L., Stuart, A. L., and Andersen, R. A. (1999a) Organometallics, 18, 1235–46.Google Scholar
  283. Lukens, W. W. Jr, Beshouri, S. M., Stuart, A. L., and Andersen, R. A. (1999b) Organometallics, 18, 1247–52.Google Scholar
  284. Lukens, W. W. Jr, Allen, P. G., Bucher, J. J., Edelstein, N. M., Hudson, E. A., Shuh, D. K., Reich, T., and Andersen, R. A. (1999c) Organometallics, 18, 1253–9.Google Scholar
  285. Lyttle, M. H., Streitwieser, A. Jr, and Miller, M. J (1989) J. Org. Chem., 54, 2331–5.Google Scholar
  286. Maier, R., Kanellakopulos, B., ApostolIDis, C., Meyer, D., and Rebizant, J. (1993) J. Alloys Compd., 190, 269–71.Google Scholar
  287. Manriquez, J. M., Fagan, P. J., and Marks, T. J. (1978) J. Am. Chem. Soc., 100, 3939–41.Google Scholar
  288. Manriquez, J. M., Fagan, P. J., Marks, T. J., Vollmer, S. H., Day, C. S., and Day, V. W. (1979) J. Am. Chem. Soc., 101, 5075–8.Google Scholar
  289. Maria, L., Campello, M. P., Domingos, A., Santos, I., and Andersen, R. (1999) J. Chem. Soc., Dalton Trans., 2015–20.Google Scholar
  290. Marks, T. J., Seyam, A. M., and Kolb, J. R. (1973) J. Am. Chem. Soc., 95, 5529.Google Scholar
  291. Marks, T. J. and Kolb, R. J. (1975) J. Am. Chem. Soc., 97, 27–33.Google Scholar
  292. Marks, T. J., Seyam, A. M., and Wachter, W. A. (1976) Inorg. Synth., XVI, 147–51.Google Scholar
  293. Marks, T. J. (1979) Prog. Inorg. Chem., 25, 224–333.Google Scholar
  294. Marks, T. J. and Day, V. W. (1985) in Fundamental and Technological Aspects of Organo-f-Element Chemistry (eds. T. J. Marks and I. Fragalà), ReIDel, Dordrecht, ch. 4.Google Scholar
  295. Marks, T. J. (1986) in The Chemistry of the ActinIDe Elements, 2nd edn (eds. J. J. Katz, G. T. Seaborg, and L. R. Morss), Chapman&Hall, London, ch 23.Google Scholar
  296. Marques, N., Marçalo, J., Pires de Matos, A., Bagnall, K. W., and Takats, J. (1987a) Inorg. Chim. Acta, 139, 79–81.Google Scholar
  297. Marques, N., Marçalo, J., Pires de Matos, A., Santos, I., and Bagnall, K. W. (1987b) Inorg. Chim. Acta, 139, 309–14.Google Scholar
  298. McCullough, L. G., Turner, H. W., Andersen, R. A., Zalkin, A., and Templeton, D. H. (1981) Inorg. Chem., 20, 2869–71.Google Scholar
  299. McDonald, R., Sun, Y., Takats, J., Day, V. W., and Eberspracher, T. A. (1994) J. Alloys Compd., 213/214, 8–10.Google Scholar
  300. Meunier-Piret, J., Declercq, J. P., German, G., and van Meersche, M. (1980) Bull. Soc. Chim. Belg., 89, 121–4.Google Scholar
  301. Miller, J. T. and De Kock, C. W. (1979) Inorg. Chem., 18, 1305–6.Google Scholar
  302. Miller, M. J., Lyttle, M. H., and Streitwieser, A. Jr (1981) J. Org. Chem., 46, 1977–84.Google Scholar
  303. Mindiola, D. J., Tsai, Y.-C., Hara, R., Chen, Q., Meyer, K., and Cummins, C. C. (2001) Chem. Commun, 125–6.Google Scholar
  304. Mintz, E. A., Moloy, K. G., Marks, T. J., and Day, V. W. (1982) J. Am. Chem. Soc., 104, 4692–5.Google Scholar
  305. Mishin, V. Ya., Sidorenko, G. V., and Suglobov, D. N. (1986) Radiokhimiya, 28, 293–300.Google Scholar
  306. Moloy, K. G., Marks, T. J., and Day, V. W. (1983) J. Am. Chem. Soc., 105, 5696–8.Google Scholar
  307. Moody, D. C. and Odom, J. D. (1979) J. Inorg. Nucl. Chem., 41, 533–5.Google Scholar
  308. Nolan, S. P., Porchia, M., and Marks, T. J. (1991) Organometallics, 10, 1450–7.Google Scholar
  309. Odom, A. L., Arnold, P. L., and Cummins, C. C. (1998) J. Am. Chem. Soc., 120, 5836–7.Google Scholar
  310. Parry, J., Carmona, E., Coles, S., and Hursthouse, M. (1995) J. Am. Chem. Soc., 117, 2649–50.Google Scholar
  311. Paolucci, G., Rossetto, R., Zanella, R., Yünlü, K., and Fischer, R. D. (1984) J. Organomet. Chem., 272, 363–83.Google Scholar
  312. Paolucci, G., Rossetto, R., Zanella, R., and Fischer, R. D. (1985) J. Organomet. Chem., 284, 213–28.Google Scholar
  313. Paolucci, G., Fischer, R. D., Benetollo, F., Seraglia, R., and Bombieri, G. (1991) J. Organomet. Chem., 412, 327–42.Google Scholar
  314. Parry, J. S., Cloke, F. G. N., Coles, S. J., and Hursthouse, M. B. (1999) J. Am. Chem. Soc., 121, 6867–71.Google Scholar
  315. Pauson, P. (1951) Nature, 168, 1039.Google Scholar
  316. Peters, R. G., Warner, B. P., Scott, B. L., and Burns, C. J. (1999) Organometallics, 18, 2587.Google Scholar
  317. Porchia, M., Casellato, U., Ossola, F., Rossetto, G., Zanella, P., and Graziani, R. (1986) J. Chem. Soc., Chem. Commun., 1034–5.Google Scholar
  318. Porchia, M., Ossola, F., Rossetto, G., Zanella, P., and Brianese, N. (1987) J. Chem. Soc., Chem. Commun., 550–1.Google Scholar
  319. Porchia, M., Brianese, N., Casellato, U., Ossola, F., Rossetto, G., Zanella, P., and Graziani, R. (1989) J. Chem. Soc., Dalton Trans., 677–81.Google Scholar
  320. Rabinovich, D., Haswell, C. M., Scott, B. L., Miller, R. L., Nielsen, J. B., and Abney, K. D. (1996) Inorg. Chem., 35, 1425–6.Google Scholar
  321. Rabinovich, D., Chamberlin, R. M., Scott, B. L., Nielsen, J. B., and Abney, K. D. (1997) Inorg. Chem., 36, 4216–17.Google Scholar
  322. Rabinovich, D., Schimek, G. L., Pennington, W. T., Nielsen, J. B., and Abney, K. D. (1997) Acta Crystallogr., Sect. C, 53, 1794–7.Google Scholar
  323. Rabinovich, D., Bott, S. G., Nielsen, J. B., and Abney, K. D. (1998) Inorg. Chim. Acta, 274, 232–5.Google Scholar
  324. Radu, N., Engeler, M. P., Gerlach, C. P., and Tilley, T. D. (1995) J. Am. Chem. Soc., 117, 3621–2.Google Scholar
  325. Rebizant, J., Spirlet, M.-R., Kanellakopulos, B., and Dornberger, E. (1986) J. Less Common Metals, 122, 211–14.Google Scholar
  326. Rebizant, J., Spirlet, M.-R., Van den Bossche, G., and Goffart, J. (1988) Acta Crystal-logr., Sect. C, 44, 1710–12.Google Scholar
  327. Rebizant, J., Spirlet, M.-R., Apostolidis, C., and Kanellakopulos, B. (1991) Acta Crys-tallogr., Sect. C, 47, 854–6.Google Scholar
  328. Reynolds, L. T. and Wilkinson, G. (1956) J. Inorg. Nucl. Chem., 2, 246.Google Scholar
  329. Rieke, R. D. and Rhyne, L. D. (1979) J. Org. Chem., 44, 3445–6.Google Scholar
  330. Ritchey, J. M., Zozulin, A. J., Wrobleski, D. A., Ryan, R. R., Wasserman, H. J., Moody, D. C., and Paine, R. T. (1985) J. Am. Chem. Soc., 107, 501–3.Google Scholar
  331. Rosen, R. K. and Zalkin, A. (1989) Acta Crystallogr., Sect. C, 45, 1139–41.Google Scholar
  332. Rosen, R. K., Andersen, R. A., and Edelstein, N. M. (1990) J. Am. Chem. Soc., 112, 4588–90.Google Scholar
  333. Roussel, P., Hitchcock, P. B., Tinker, N. D., and Scott, P. (1996) Chem. Commun., 2053–4.Google Scholar
  334. Roussel, P., Hitchcock, P. B., Tinker, N. D., and Scott, P. (1997a) Inorg. Chem., 36, 5716–21.Google Scholar
  335. Roussel, P., Hitchcock, P. B., Tinker, N. D., and Scott, P. (1997b) J. Am. Chem. Soc., 36, 5716–21.Google Scholar
  336. Roussel, P. and Scott, P. (1998) J. Am. Chem. Soc., 120, 1070–1.Google Scholar
  337. Roussel, P., Alcock, N. W., Boaretto, R., Kingsley, A. J., Munslow, I. J., Sanders, C. J., and Scott, P. (1999) Inorg. Chem., 38, 3651–6.Google Scholar
  338. Rousssel, P., Boaretto, R., Kingsley, A. J., Alcock, N. W., and Scott, P. (2002) J. Chem. Soc., Dalton Trans., 1423–8.Google Scholar
  339. Santos, I., Marques, N., and Pires de Matos, A. (1985) Inorg. Chim. Acta, 110, 149–51.Google Scholar
  340. Santos, I., Marques, N., and Pires de Matos, A. (1986) J. Less Common Meals, 122, 215–18.Google Scholar
  341. Santos, I., Marques, N., and Pires de Matos, A. (1987) Inorg. Chim. Acta, 139, 87–8.Google Scholar
  342. Schake, A. R., Avens, L. R., Burns, C. J., Clark, D. L., Sattelberger, A. P., and Smith, W. H. (1993) Organometallics, 12, 1497–8.Google Scholar
  343. Scherer, O. J., Werner, B., Heckmann, G., and Wolmershäuser, G. (1991) Angew. Chem. Int. Edn Engl., 30, 553–5.Google Scholar
  344. Scherer, O. J., Schultze, J., and Wolmershäuser, G. (1994) J. Organomet. Chem., 484, C5–7.Google Scholar
  345. Schnabel, R. C., Scott, G. L., Smith, W. H., and Burns, C. J. (1999) J. Organomet. Chem., 591, 14–23.Google Scholar
  346. Scott, P. and Hitchcock, P. B. (1994) Polyhedron, 13, 1651–3.Google Scholar
  347. Scott, P. and Hitchcock, P. B. (1995a) J. Chem. Soc., Dalton Trans., 603–9.Google Scholar
  348. Scott, P. and Hitchcock, P. B. (1995b) J. Chem. Soc., Chem. Commun., 579–80.Google Scholar
  349. Seyam, A. M. (1982) Inorg. Chim. Acta, 58, 71–4.Google Scholar
  350. Sheline, R. K. and Slater, J. L. (1975) Angew. Chem. Int. Edn Engl., 14, 209–13.Google Scholar
  351. Shin, J. H., Hascall, T., and Parkin, G. (1999) Organometallics, 18, 6–9.Google Scholar
  352. Sigurdson, E. R. and Wilkinson, G. (1977) J. Chem. Soc., Dalton Trans., 812–18.Google Scholar
  353. Silva, M., Marques, N., and Pires de Matos, A. (1995) J. Organomet. Chem., 493, 129–32.Google Scholar
  354. Silva, M., Domingos, A., Pires de Matos, A., Marques, N., and Trofimenko, S. (2000) J. Chem. Soc., Dalton Trans., 4628–34.Google Scholar
  355. Simpson, S. and Andersen, R. A. (1981a) Inorg. Chem., 20, 2991–5.Google Scholar
  356. Slater, J. L., Sheline, R. K., Lin, K. C., and Weltner, W. J. (1971) J. Chem. Phys., 55, 5129.Google Scholar
  357. Simpson, S. and Andersen, R. A. (1981b) J. Am. Chem. Soc., 103, 4063–6.Google Scholar
  358. Smith, G. M., Suzuki, H., Sonnenberger, D. C., Day, V. W., and Marks, T. J. (1986) Organometallics, 5, 549–61.Google Scholar
  359. Solar, J. P., Burghard, H. P. G., Banks, R. H., Streitwieser, A. Jr, and Brown, D. (1980) Inorg. Chem., 19, 2186–8.Google Scholar
  360. Sonnenberger, D. C., Mintz, E. A., and Marks, T. J. (1984) J. Am. Chem. Soc., 106, 3484–91.Google Scholar
  361. Sonnenberger, D. C., Morss, L. R., and Marks, T. J. (1985) Organometallics, 4, 352–5.Google Scholar
  362. Sonnenberger, D. C. and Gaudiello, J. (1986) J. Less Common Metals, 126, 411–14.Google Scholar
  363. Spiegl, A. (1978) Ph.D. dissertation, University of Erlangen-Nürnberg Erlangen 1978.Google Scholar
  364. Spiegl, A. and Fischer, R. D. (1979) Chem. Ber., 112, 116.Google Scholar
  365. Spirlet, M.-R., Rebizant, J., Apostolidis, C., Andreetii, G. D., and Kanellakopulos, B. (1989a) Acta Crystallogr., Sect. C, 45, 739–41.Google Scholar
  366. Spirlet, M.-R., Bettonville, S., and Goffart, J. (1989b) Acta Crystallogr., Sect. C, 45, 1509–11.Google Scholar
  367. Spirlet, M.-R., Rebizant, J., Bettonville, S., and Goffart, J. (1992a) Acta Crystallogr., Sect. C, 48, 1221–3.Google Scholar
  368. Spirlet, M.-R., Rebizant, J., Apostolidis, C., and Kanellakopulos, B. (1992b) Acta Crystallogr., Sect. C, 48, 2135–7.Google Scholar
  369. Spirlet, M.-R., Rebizant, J., Apostolidis, C., Dornberger, E., Kanellakopulos, B., and Powietzka, B. (1996) Polyhedron, 15, 1503–8.Google Scholar
  370. Starks, D. F. and Streitwieser, A. Jr (1973) J. Am. Chem. Soc., 95, 3423–4.Google Scholar
  371. Starks, D. F., Parson, T. C., Streitwieser, A. Jr, and Edelstein, N. (1974) Inorg. Chem., 13, 1307–8.Google Scholar
  372. Sternal, R. S., Brock, C. P., and Marks, T. J. (1985) J. Am. Chem. Soc., 107, 8270–2.Google Scholar
  373. Sternal, R. S. and Marks, T. J. (1987) Organometllics, 6, 2621–3.Google Scholar
  374. Sternal, R. S., Sabat, M., and Marks, T. J. (1987) J. Am. Chem. Soc., 109, 7920–1.Google Scholar
  375. Stewart, J. L. and Andersen, R. A. (1995) New J. Chem., 19, 587–95.Google Scholar
  376. Stewart, J. L. and Andersen, R. A. (1998) Polyhedron, 17, 953–8.Google Scholar
  377. Straub, T., Frank, W., Reiss, G. J., and Eisen, M. S. (1996) J. Chem. Soc., Dalton Trans., 2541–6.Google Scholar
  378. Straub, T., Haskel, A., Neyroud, T. G., Kapon, M., Botoshansky, M., and Eisen, M. S. (2001) Organometallics, 20, 5017–35.Google Scholar
  379. Streitwieser, A. Jr and Müller-Westerhoff, U. (1968) J. Am. Chem. Soc., 90, 7364.Google Scholar
  380. Streitwieser, A. Jr and Yoshida, N. (1969) J. Am. Chem. Soc., 91, 7528.Google Scholar
  381. Streitwieser, A. Jr, Dempf, D., La Mar, G. N., Karraker, D. G., and Edelstein, N. M. (1971) J. Am. Chem. Soc., 93, 7343–4.Google Scholar
  382. Streitwieser, A. Jr and Harmon, C. A. (1973) Inorg. Chem., 12, 1102–4.Google Scholar
  383. Streitwieser, A. Jr and Walker, R. (1975) J. Organomet. Chem., 97, C41–2.Google Scholar
  384. Streitwieser, A. Jr, Kluttz, R. Z., Smith, K. A., and Luke, W. D. (1983) Organometallics, 2, 1873–7.Google Scholar
  385. Streitwieser, A. Jr, Barros, M. T., Wang, H. K., Boussie, T. R. (1993) Organometallics, 12, 5023–4.Google Scholar
  386. Strittmatter, R. J and Bursten, B. E. (1991) J. Am. Chem. Soc., 113, 552–9.Google Scholar
  387. Stults, S. D., Andersen, R. A., and Zalkin, A. (1989) J. Am. Chem. Soc., 111, 4507–8.Google Scholar
  388. Stults, S. D., Andersen, R. A., and Zalkin, A. (1990) Organometallics, 9, 1623–9.Google Scholar
  389. Sun, Y., McDonald, R., Takats, J., Day, V. W., and Eberspracher, T. A. (1994) Inorg. Chem., 33, 4433–4.Google Scholar
  390. Sun, Y., Takats, J., Eberspracher, T., and Day, V. (1995) Inorg. Chim. Acta, 229, 315–22.Google Scholar
  391. Tague, T. J. Jr, Andrews, L., and Hunt, R. D. (1993) J. Phys. Chem., 97, 10920–4.Google Scholar
  392. Tatsumi, K. and Nakamura, A. (1984) J. Organomet. Chem., 272, 141–54.Google Scholar
  393. Tatsumi, K., Nakamura, A., Hofmann, P., Stauffert, P., and Hoffmann, R. (1985) J. Am. Chem. Soc., 107, 4440–51.Google Scholar
  394. Tellers, D. M., Skoog, S. J., Bergman, R. G., Gunnoe, T. B., and Harman, W. D. (2000) Organometallics, 19, 2428–32.Google Scholar
  395. Telnoy, V. I., Rabinovich, I. B., Leonov, M. R., Solov’yova, G. V., and Gramoteeva, N. I. (1979) Dokl. Akad. Nauk. SSSR, 245, 1430–2.Google Scholar
  396. Telnoy, V. I., Rabinovich, I. B., Larina, V. N., Leonov, M. R., and Solov’yova, G. V. (1989) Sov. RadioChem., 31, 654–6.Google Scholar
  397. Templeton, L. K., Templeton, D. H., and Walker, R. (1976) Inorg. Chem., 15, 3000–3.Google Scholar
  398. Trnka, T. M., Bonanno, J. B., Bridgewater, B. M., and Parkin, G. (2001) Organometal-lics, 20, 3255–64.Google Scholar
  399. Trofimenko, S. (1993) Chem. Rev., 93, 943–80.Google Scholar
  400. Tsutsui, M., Ely, N., and Gebala, A. (1975) Inorg. Chem., 14, 78–81.Google Scholar
  401. Turner, H. W., Andersen, R. A., Zalkin, A., and Templeton, D. H. (1979a) Inorg. Chem., 18, 1221–4.Google Scholar
  402. Turner,H. W., Simpson, S. J., and Andersen, R. A. (1979b) J. Am. Chem. Soc., 101, 2782.Google Scholar
  403. Van Der Sluys, W. G., Burns, C. J., Huffman, J. C., and Sattelberger, A. P. (1989) Organometallics, 8, 855–7.Google Scholar
  404. Vanderhooft, J. C. and Ernst, R. D. (1982) J. Organomet. Chem., 233, 313–19.Google Scholar
  405. Ventelon, L., Lescop, C., Arliguie, T., Ephritikhine, M., Leverd, P. C., Lance, M., and Nierlich, M. (1999) Chem. Commun., 656–60.Google Scholar
  406. Villiers, C. and Ephritikhine, M. (1990) J. Organomet. Chem., 393, 339–42.Google Scholar
  407. Villiers, C. and Ephritikhine, M. (1991) New J. Chem., 15, 559–63.Google Scholar
  408. Villiers, C. and Ephritikhine, M. (1994) J. Chem. Soc., Dalton Trans., 3397–403.Google Scholar
  409. von Ammon, R., Kanellakopulos, B., and Fischer, R. D. (1969) Inorg. Nucl. Chem. Lett., 5, 219–24.Google Scholar
  410. Walsh, P. J., Hollander, F. J., and Bergman, R. G. (1988) J. Am. Chem. Soc., 110, 8729–31.Google Scholar
  411. Walsh, P. J., Baranger, A. M., and Bergman, R. G. (1992) J. Am. Chem. Soc., 114, 1708–19.Google Scholar
  412. Walsh, P. J., Hollander, F. J., and Bergman, R. G. (1993) Organometallics, 12, 3705–23.Google Scholar
  413. Wang, J. Q., Dash, A. K., Berthet, J. C., Ephritikhine, M., and Eisen, M. S. (1999) Organometallics, 18, 2407–9.Google Scholar
  414. Warner, B. P., Scott, B. L., and Burns, C. J. (1998) Angew. Chem. Int. Edn Engl., 37, 959–60.Google Scholar
  415. Wasserman, H. J., Zozulin, A. J., Moody, D. C., Ryan, R. R., and Salazar, K. V. (1983) J. Organomet. Chem., 254, 305–11.Google Scholar
  416. Wedler, M., Roesky, H. W., and Edelmann, F. (1988) J. Organomet. Chem., 345, C1–3.Google Scholar
  417. Wedler, M., Knoesel, F., Noltemeyer, M., Edelmann, F. T., and Behrens, U. (1990) J. Organomet. Chem., 388, 21–45.Google Scholar
  418. Wedler, M., Knoesel, F., Edelmann, F. T., and Behrens, U. (1992a) Chem. Ber., 125, 1313–18.Google Scholar
  419. Wedler, M., Noltemeyer, M., and Edelmann, F. T. (1992b) Angew. Chem. Int. Edn Engl., 31, 72–3.Google Scholar
  420. Wilke, G., Bogdanovic, B., Hardt, P., Heimbach, P., Keim, W., Kroner, M., Oberkirch, W., Tanaka, K., Steinrücke, E., Walter, D., and Zimmermann, H. (1966) Angew. Chem. Int. Edn Engl., 5, 151–64.Google Scholar
  421. Wong, C. H., Yesn, T. M., and Lee, T. Y. (1965) Acta Crystallogr., 18, 340–5.Google Scholar
  422. Wrobleski, D. A., Ryan, R. R., Wasserman, H. J., Salazar, K. V., Paine, R. T., and Moody, D. C. (1986a) Organometallics, 5, 90–4.Google Scholar
  423. Wrobleski, D. A., Cromer, D. T., Ortiz, J. V., Rauchfuss, T. B., Ryan, R. R., and Sattelberger, A. P. (1986b) J. Am. Chem. Soc., 108, 174–5.Google Scholar
  424. Xie, Z., Yan, C., Yang, Q., and Mak, T. C. W. (1999) Angew. Chem. Int. Edn Engl., 38, 1761–3.Google Scholar
  425. Zalkin, A. and Raymond, K. N. (1969) J. Am. Chem. Soc., 91, 5667–8.Google Scholar
  426. Zalkin, A., Templeton, D. H., Le Vanda, C., and Streitwieser, A. (1980) Inorg. Chem., 19, 2560–3.Google Scholar
  427. Zalkin, A., Templeton, D. H., Luke, W. D., and Streitwieser, A. Jr (1982) Organome-tallics, 1, 618–22.Google Scholar
  428. Zalkin, A. and Brennan, J. G. (1987) Acta Crystallogr., Sect. C, 43, 1919–22.Google Scholar
  429. Zalkin, A., Brennan, J. G., and Andersen, R. A. (1987a) Acta Crystallogr., Sect. C, 43, 418–20.Google Scholar
  430. Zalkin, A., Brennan, J. G., and Andersen, R. A. (1987b) Acta Crystallogr., Sect. C, 43, 1706–7.Google Scholar
  431. Zalkin, A., Brennan, J. G., and Andersen, R. A. (1988a) Acta Crystallogr., Sect. C, 44, 2104–5.Google Scholar
  432. Zalkin, A., Brennan, J. G., and Andersen, R. A. (1988b) Acta Crystallogr., Sect. C, 44, 1553–4.Google Scholar
  433. Zalkin, A. and Beshouri, S. M. (1989) Acta Crystallogr., Sect. C, 45, 1219–20.Google Scholar
  434. Zanella, P., De Paoli, G., DelPra, A., and Bagnall, K. W. (1977) J. Organomet. Chem., 142, C21–4.Google Scholar
  435. Zanella, P., Rossetto, G., DePaoli, G., and Traverso, O. (1980) Inorg. Chim. Acta, 44, L155–6.Google Scholar
  436. Zanella, P., Brianese, N., Casellato, U., Ossola, F., Porchia, M., Rossetto, G., and Graziani, R. (1987) J. Chem. Soc., Dalton Trans., 2039–43.Google Scholar
  437. Zhao, K. and Pitzer, R. M. (1996) J. Phys. Chem., 12, 4798–802.Google Scholar
  438. Zwick, B. D., Sattelberger, A. P., and Avens, L. R. (1992) in Transuranium Elements: A Half Century (eds. L. R. Morss and J. Fuger), American Chemical Society, Washington, DC, p. 239, ch. 25.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carol J. Burns
  • Moris S. Eisen

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations