Introduction: The Worst Forms of Child Labour in Latin America

  • G. K. Lieten


Child labour, despite a broadly accepted understanding that it must be eradicated, and despite the International Conventions, national legislation and various time-bound programmes, lingers on in many parts of the world, including Latin America, which albeit has a much higher GDP than countries in Africa and South Asia. Despite the commitment to include universal primary education leading to the elimination of child labour as one of the millennium development goals, to be achieved by 2015, it has remained difficult to tackle the problem.


Child Labour International Labour Organisation Coffee Plantation Street Child Universal Primary Education 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Alarcon W (2001) Trabajar y Estudiar en los Andes. Aproximacion al Trabajo Infantil en las Comunidades Rurales de Cuzco y Cajamarca. In: UNICEF (ed) Lima, UNICEFGoogle Scholar
  2. Alarcon W (2006) De la explotacion a la Esperanza. Ensayos sobre Trabajo Infantil en America Latina. Imprime IDL, CordobaGoogle Scholar
  3. Bourdillon M et al (2009) Re-assessing minimum-age standards for children’s work. The international journal of sociology and social policy. Special issue – child work in the 21st century: Dilemmas and Challenges, 29(3)Google Scholar
  4. Boyden J et al (1998) What works for working children. Radda Barnen/UNICEFGoogle Scholar
  5. Brown DK (2001) Child labour in Latin America: policy and evidence. World Econ 24(6):761–778CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. CEPAL (2005) Panorama social de América Latina. In: CEPAL (ed) (pp 436). CEPALGoogle Scholar
  7. CPETI, MTPE (2005) Plan Nacional de Prevención y Erradicación del Trabajo Infantil (pp 1–65). Lima: Comité Directivo Nacional para la Prevención y Erradicación del Trabajo Infantil & Ministerio de Trabajo y Promoción del EmpleoGoogle Scholar
  8. Cussianovich A (2002) Approaches to human rights related typology of child labour. Conference paper German NGO forum on child labour, HattingenGoogle Scholar
  9. Ennew J et al (2005) Defining child labor as if human rights really matter. In: Weston BH (ed) Child labor and human rights: making children matter. Lynne Rienner Publishers, Boulder/London, pp 28–54Google Scholar
  10. Fassa A et al (eds) (2010) Child labour. A public health perspective. Oxford University Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  11. Fyfe A (1989) Child labour. Polity Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  12. Global March Against Child Labour (2002). Bolivia – total child labourGoogle Scholar
  13. Green D (1998) Hidden lives. Voices of children in Latin America and the Caribbean. Radda Barnen, StockholmGoogle Scholar
  14. Grootaert C, Patrinos HA (eds) (1999) The policy analysis of child labour. A comparative study. The World Bank, WashingtonGoogle Scholar
  15. Guarcello L et al (2006) Child Labour in the Latin America and Caribbean Region: a gender-based analysis. In: ILO-IPEC (ed), ILOGoogle Scholar
  16. Guatemala Ministerio de Trabajo y Previsión Social (2001) Plan Nacional para la Prevención y Eliminación del Trabajo Infantil y Protección a la Adolescencia Trabajadora. Ministerio de Trabajo y Previsión SocialGoogle Scholar
  17. Guatemala Ministerio de Trabajo y Previsión Social (2006) Reglamento para la aplicación del convenio 182 de la Organización Internacional del Trabajo, sobre las peores formas de trabajo infantil y la acción inmediata para su erradicación. In: M. d. T. y. P. Social (ed) Ministerio de Trabajo y Previsión SocialGoogle Scholar
  18. Henne K, Moseley D (2005) Combating the worst forms of child labour in Bolivia. Human Rights Magazine, winter 2005.
  19. Hindman HD, Smith CG (1999) Cross-cultural ethics and the child labor problem. J Bus Ethics 19(1):21–33CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. ILO (1986) Child labour: a briefing manual. International Labour Office, GenevaGoogle Scholar
  21. ILO (2001) Yearbook of Labour Statistics. ILOGoogle Scholar
  22. ILO (2002b) A future without child labour. Global report under the follow-up to the ILO declaration on fundamental principles and rights at work. ILO, GenevaGoogle Scholar
  23. ILO (2006a) The End of Child Labour. ILO, Within Reach. GenevaGoogle Scholar
  24. ILO (2006b) Ficha País Bolivia. In: ILO (ed) (pp 6). ILOGoogle Scholar
  25. ILO (2006c) Global child labour trends 2000–2004. ILO-IPEC-SIMPOC, GenevaGoogle Scholar
  26. ILO (2010) Accelerating action against child labour. Global report under the follow-up to the ILO declaration on fundamental principles and rights at work. ILO, GenevaGoogle Scholar
  27. ILO, Unicef (2004) Buscando la luz al final del túnel. In: ILO (ed), Peores Formas de Trabajo Infantil y Violencia contra la niñez y la adolescencia, pp 28. ILO, La PazGoogle Scholar
  28. ILO, Unicef (2006) Módulo de formación sobre trabajo infantil para directores e inspectores del ministerio de trabajo. In: ILO (ed) (pp 64). ILO, La PazGoogle Scholar
  29. ILO/IPEC (2000) Informe Nacional sobre Trabajo Infantíl, Guatemala. ILO/IPEC, GuatemalaGoogle Scholar
  30. INE (2003) Censos Nacionales de Poblacion y Vivienda, 1976, 1992 y 2001. Instituto Nacional de Estadistica, La PazGoogle Scholar
  31. INEI, OIT (2002) Visión del Trabajo Infantil y Adolescente en el Peru 2001. El Instituto Nacional de Estadística e Informática & ILO, LimaGoogle Scholar
  32. IREWOC (2005) Studying child labour. Policy implications of child-centred research. Amsterdam, IREWOCGoogle Scholar
  33. Kassouf AL et al (2001) Early entrance to the job market and its effect on adult health: evidence from Brazil. Health Policy Plann 16(1):21–28CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Levison D et al (2007) Intermittent child employment and its implications for estimates of child labour. Int Labour Rev 146(3–4):217–247CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Liebel M (2007) Opinion, dialogue, review: the new ILO report on child labour: a success story, or the ILO still at a loss? Childhood 14(2):279–284CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Lieten GK (2001) Child labour. Questions on magnitude. In: Lieten GK, White B (eds) Child labour. Policy perspectives. Aksant Academic Publishers, Amsterdam, pp 49–66Google Scholar
  37. Lieten GK (2004) Child labour in South Asia: an account of numbers. In: Lieten GK, Srivastava R, Thorat S (eds) Small hands in south asia. Child labour in perspective. Manohar, New Delhi, pp 37–60Google Scholar
  38. Lieten GK (2005) Child labour and work: numbers, from the general to the specific. Indian J Labour Econ 2:29–46Google Scholar
  39. Myers WE (1999) Considering child labour: changing terms issues and actors at the international level [Case]. Childhood 6(1):13–26CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Myers WE (2001) Valuing diverse approaches to child labour. In: Lieten GK, White B (eds) Child labour: policy options. Aksant Academic Publishers, Amsterdam, pp 27–48Google Scholar
  41. Nuevo Código de los Niños y Adolescentes (2000)Google Scholar
  42. ODHAG (2006) Situación de la niñez en Guatemala 2005: ODHAGGoogle Scholar
  43. Orazem PF et al (eds) (2009) Child labour and education in Latin America. An economic perspective. Palgrave MacMillan, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  44. Post D (2001) Children’s work, schooling and welfare in Latin America. Westview Press, BoulderGoogle Scholar
  45. Ray R (2000) Child labour, child schooling and their interaction with adult labour: the empirical evidence and some analytical implications. World Bank Econ Rev 14(2):347–367Google Scholar
  46. Salazar MC, Glasinovich A (eds) (1998) Child work and education: five case studies from Latin America. Ashgate, AldershotGoogle Scholar
  47. US Department of Labor (2007) The department of labor’s 2006 findings on the worst forms of child labor. USDOL, Washington DCGoogle Scholar
  48. UCW (2003) Understanding children’s work in Guatemala. UCW, RomeGoogle Scholar
  49. UNDP (2007) Informe nacional sobre desarrollo humano 2007. In: UNDP (ed) Informe nacional sobre desarrollo humano, pp 554. UNDP, La PazGoogle Scholar
  50. UNICEF (1997) The state of the world’s children 1997: focus on child labour. Unicef, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  51. Van den Berge M (2007a) Working children’s organisations in Bolivia. IREWOC, AmsterdamGoogle Scholar
  52. Van den Berge M (2007b) Working children’s organisations in Peru. IREWOC, AmsterdamGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.HeemstedeNetherlands

Personalised recommendations