Human Exposure and Health Risk from Air Pollutants

  • Mihalis Lazaridis
Part of the Environmental Pollution book series (EPOL, volume 19)


Human activities continuously modify the environment, on a variety of scales, from indoor to global, and the resulting changes of environmental properties act as stressors that can affect human and ecological health. Assessing the health risks associated with environmental factors requires one to understand and quantify the complete sequence of events and processes involved in the “environmental health sequence” from the release or the formation of a stressor to the development of an environmentally caused disease. Chapter 9 studies the human exposure and health risk from air pollutants through dermal absorption and inhalation. Calculations of dose–response functions are derived. In particular calculations of particle deposition and clearance in the human respiratory tract through inhalation are performed. Finally health effects from exposure to gaseous and particulate matter air pollutants are examined.


United States Environmental Protection Agency Particle Deposition Annual Effective Dose Alveolar Region Dermal Contact 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mihalis Lazaridis
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Environmental EngineeringTechnical University of CreteChaniaGreece

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