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Indoor Air Pollution

  • Mihalis Lazaridis
Chapter
Part of the Environmental Pollution book series (EPOL, volume 19)

Abstract

People spend about 85% of their time indoors and an additional 3% inside vehicles. Therefore people are exposed to gaseous air pollutants and particulate matter from both outdoor (ambient) sources, through infiltration of outdoor air, and indoor sources. The main question which arises is how safe is the house environment in relation to the air quality indoors. A general overview of indoor air quality is given in Chapter 8. A review of the most common air pollutants and their sources is performed. Air pollutants such as ozone, particulate matter, nitrogen oxides, volatile organic compounds, radon, carbon monoxide, asbestos, heavy metals, formaldehyde, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, polychloric diphenyls and pesticides are examined as well as the chemistry of organic compounds indoors. Furthermore the effect of tobacco smoke indoors is studied, since it is one of the most dangerous and widely found pollutants. We also examine some general aspects of bioaerosols indoors. Finally, we describe the formulation of mass balance models, which are called microenvironmental models.

Keywords

Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon Volatile Organic Compound Indoor Environment Radon Concentration Formaldehyde Concentration 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mihalis Lazaridis
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Environmental EngineeringTechnical University of CreteChaniaGreece

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