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Indian Logic and Philosophy of Science: The Logic-Epistemology Link

  • Sundar SarukkaiEmail author
Chapter
  • 758 Downloads
Part of the Synthese Library book series (SYLI, volume 352)

Abstract

There are many interesting themes in Indian logic which illustrate not just philosophical complexity and rigour but also their potential use in philosophy of science. Matilal describes Indian logic as the “systematic study of informal inference-patterns, the rules of debate, the identification of sound inference vis-à-vis sophistical argument, and similar topics.” An important task for Indian logicians was to critically understand which inferences are valid and what conditions they should obey in order to have certainty in inference. Thus, Indian logicians were deeply concerned about establishing a theory to know which inferential statements one could be certain about and the methodology to decide on their validity. The early Nyāya logic is exemplified by the five-step argument and there has been much discussion on whether it is equivalent to a syllogistic form.

Keywords

Physical Concept Indian Philosopher Valid Sign Western Tradition Arbitrary Nature 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National Institute of Advanced StudiesIndian Institute of Science CampusBangaloreIndia

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