Thinking about Non-Existence*

  • Lilian Alweiss
Part of the Phaenomenologica book series (PHAE, volume 200)


Thinkers who advocate the principle of intentionality necessarily hold that mental phenomena are directed toward an object. We can take our lead here from one of Franz Brentano’s famous remarks: ‘in presentation, something is presented, in judgement something is affirmed or denied, in love loved, in hate hated, in desire desired, and so on’.1 What is desired is the object of desire.


Actual World Actual Object Intentional Object Outer Horizon Impossible Object 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Alweiss, L. (2003) The World Unclaimed. Athens, Ohio University Press.Google Scholar
  2. Alweiss, L. (2007) ‘Leaving Metaphysics to Itself’ in International Journal of Philosophical Studies Vol. 15(3), (349–365).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Alweiss, L. (2009) ‘Between Internalism and Externalism: Husserl’s Account of Intentionality’, Inquiry 52(1): 53–78.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Alweiss, L. (forthcoming a) ‘Against Cartesian Mistrust: Cavell, Husserl and the Other Mind Sceptic’ in Ratio.Google Scholar
  5. Alweiss, L. (forthcoming b) ‘The Truth of Solipsism’ in Heidegger-Jahrbuch Vol. 6.Google Scholar
  6. Austin, J. L. (1964) Sense and Sensibilia. Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  7. Bernet R. (2004) ‘Husserl’s Transcendental Idealism’ in New Yearbook for Phenomenology and Phenomenological Philosophy, 4:1–20.Google Scholar
  8. Beyer, C. (2001) ‘A Neo-Husserlian Theory of Speaker’s Reference’ in Erkenntnis, 54, 3: 277–97CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Beyer, C. (2000) Intentionalität und Referenz; Eine sprachanalytische Studie zu Husserls transzendentaler Phänomenologie. Paderborn: Mentis Verlag.Google Scholar
  10. Brentano, F. (1995) Psychology from an Empirical Standpoint Originally published in 1874; English edition edited by L. McAlister, London: Routledge and Kegan Paul 1973; reprinted with an introduction by Peter Simons, London: Routledge 1995.Google Scholar
  11. Crane, T. (2001): Elements of the Mind; An Introduction to the Philosophy of Mind. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  12. Crane, T. (2001a) ‘Intentional Objects’ Ratio XIV, 2001, 336–349.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Descartes, R. (1984) ‘Meditations on First Philosophy’ in John Cottingham, Robert Stoothoff and Dugald Murdoch (trans.) The Philosophical Writings of Descartes, Vol II. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  14. Drummond, J. (1990) Husserlian Intentionality and Non-Foundational Realism; Noema and Object. Contributions to Phenomenology. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers.Google Scholar
  15. Evans, G. (1982) Varieties of Reference edited by John McDowell. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  16. Evans, G. (1985) ‘Understanding Demonstratives’ in Collected Papers. Oxford: Oxford University Press (291–321).Google Scholar
  17. Heidegger, M. (1971) ‘Building Dwelling Thinking’ trans by Albert Hofstadter in Poetry Language Truth. New York: Harper & Row (145–61).Google Scholar
  18. Heidegger, M. (1977) ‘The Origin of theWork of Art’ translated by David Farrell Krell, in Martin Heidegger: Basic Writings New York: Harper and Row.Google Scholar
  19. Husserl, E. (1894) ‘Intentionale Gegenstände’ in Edmund Husserl: Aufsätze und Rezensionen (1890–1910) ed B Rang in Husserliana XXII Dordrecht: Martinus Nijhoff 1979.Google Scholar
  20. Husserl, E. (1900/01) Logische Untersuchungen 1st ed. Halle: Niemeyer; 2nd ed. Vol I & Vol II/1 (1913), Vol II/2 (1921). (LU) (Both are now collected as Husserliana vols. XVIII and XIX/1, XIX/2). Page references refer to the 2nd Niemeyer edition. English trans of 2nd ed by J N Findlay: Logical Investigations, London: Routledge, 2001 with a new Preface by Michael Dummett and edited with a new Introduction by Dermot Moran. (LI).Google Scholar
  21. Husserl, E. (1908): Vorlesungen über Bedeutungslehre Sommersemester 1908. ed U. Panzer in Husserliana Vol. XXVI. Dordrecht: Martinus Nijhoff 1987.Google Scholar
  22. Husserl, E. (1913): Ideen zu einer reinen Phänomenologie und phänomenologischen Philosophie. Erstes Buch, Halle: Niemeyer, collected as Husserliana Vol. III. [Translated by F. Kersten: Ideas Pertaining to a Pure Phenomenology and to a Phenomenological Philosophy, First Book: General Introduction to a Pure Phenomenology; Collected Works Vol. II, The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, 1982 (Id I)].Google Scholar
  23. Husserl, E. (1925) Phänomenologische Psychologie (Vorlesungen Sommersemester 1925), ed. Walter Biemel in Husserliana Vol. IX. Dordrecht: Martinus Nijhoff 1962.Google Scholar
  24. Husserl, E. (1929) Formale und transzendentale Logik. Halle: Niemeyer. Collected as Husserliana XVIII. [Translated by D. Cairns: Formal and Transcendental Logic. The Hague: Nijhoff. 1969].Google Scholar
  25. Husserl, E. (1939) Erfahrung und Urteil; Unterlagen zur Genealogie der Logik, Ed. L. Landgrebe. Prag: Academia Verlag. [Translated by James S Churchill and Karl Ameriks: Experience and Judgement: Investigations in a Genealogy of Logic. Evanston: Northwestern University Press (1973)].Google Scholar
  26. Husserl, E. (1950) Cartesianische Meditationen und Pariser Vorträge, ed. S. Strasser. The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff: The main text has been edited and individually published by Elisabeth Ströker: Hamburg: Meiner Verlag, 1987. [Translated by Dorion Cairns: Cartesian Meditations - An Introduction to Phenomenology, The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, 1960].Google Scholar
  27. Husserl, E. (1980) Phantasie, Bildbewusstsein, Erinnerung; Zur Phänomenologie der anschaulichen Vergegenwärtigungen. Texte aus dem Nachlass (1998–1925). Ed. by Eduard Marbach. Collected as Husserliana XXIII. The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff. [Translated by John B Brough: Phantasy, Image Consciousness and Memory (1898–1925). Dordrecht: Springer 2005].Google Scholar
  28. Jacquette, D. (2004) ‘Brentano’s Concept of Intentionality’ in The Cambridge Companion to Brentano: 98–130.Google Scholar
  29. Kant, I. (1933) Immanuel Kant’s Critique of Pure Reason, trans. Norman Kemp Smith, London: Macmillan Press.Google Scholar
  30. Kant, I. (1997) Prolegomena to Any Future Metaphysics ThatWill Be Able to Come Forward as Science. Trans. and ed. by Gary Hatfield Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  31. McDowell, J. (1982) ‘Criteria, defeasibility and knowledge’ Proceedings of the British Academy Vol. 68 (455–479).Google Scholar
  32. Peacock, C.A.B. (1985) ‘Imagination, Experience and Possibility’ in J Foster and H Robinson eds.: Essays on Berkeley. Oxford: Clarendon Press.Google Scholar
  33. Russell, B. (1905) ‘On Denoting’ in Mind Vol. 14, no 56, 479–493.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Searle, J. (1983) Intentionality. An Essay in the Philosophy of Mind, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  35. Strawson, P. F. (1974) ‘Imagination and Perception’ in Freedom and Resentment and Other Essays. London: Methuen.Google Scholar
  36. Williams, B. (1973) ‘Imagination and the Self’ in Problems of the Self; Philosophical Papers 1956–1972. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press (26–45).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Wittgenstein, L. (1969) Blue or Brown Book; Preliminary Studies for the ‘Philosophical Investigations’. Oxford: –Basil Blackwell.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PhilosophyTrinity College DublinDublinIreland

Personalised recommendations