Widening Horizons? The Geography of the Marriage Market in Nineteenth and Early-Twentieth Century Netherlands

  • Peter Ekamper
  • Frans van Poppel
  • Kees Mandemakers
Part of the International Studies in Population book series (ISIP, volume 9)


Historical studies suggest that nineteenth- and twentieth-century processes of national integration in the countries of Western Europe fundamentally changed interactions between individuals living in different parts of those countries. These studies, however, were rarely able to provide direct evidence for this process due to a lack of sources. This chapter uses the distances between birthplaces of spouses, as indicated in marriage certificates collected by the GENLIAS database for five Netherlands provinces (1812–1922), to measure increasing spatial interaction and widening geographic horizons. Various descriptive measures of the change in distances between spouses and in directional preferences are presented, as is analysis of the changing relationship between social position and geographic horizon. Results of spatial analysis demonstrate that the geographic horizons of young men and women in the Netherlands started to increase at the end of the nineteenth century. There were large disparities between provinces and strong differences in the geographic horizon of grooms from various social classes, with the higher social classes having wider horizons. Implications of these outcomes for the study of the development of family structure, technology and infrastructure and, more generally, for the extent and timing of modernization and national integration in nineteenth-century Netherlands are discussed.


Nineteenth Century Social Class Spatial Autocorrelation Spatial Regression Spatial Error Model 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



We wish to thank the Gelders Archief (province of Gelderland), the Groninger Archieven (province of Groningen), the Rijksarchief Limburg (province of Limburg), the Historisch Centrum Overijssel (province of Overijssel) and the Zeeuws Archief (province of Zeeland) for putting their data at our disposal.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peter Ekamper
    • 1
  • Frans van Poppel
    • 1
  • Kees Mandemakers
    • 2
  1. 1.Netherlands Interdisciplinary Demographic Institute (NIDI/KNAW)The HagueThe Netherlands
  2. 2.International Institute of Social HistoryAmsterdamThe Netherlands

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