Engaging with the EU in Order to Minimise Its Impact: Sport and the Negotiation of the Treaty of Lisbon
The European Union (EU) operates according to the principle of conferral found in Article 5 of the Treaty on the European Union (TEU). This means that it may act only in areas where its treaties so authorise. Until the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty on 1 December 2009 sport was not even mentioned in the Treaty. Nevertheless first the Court of Justice and subsequently the Commission have insisted that in so far as sport constitutes an economic activity it falls within the scope of the Treaty. Sport bodies have long resented the intervention of EU institutions, for it constitutes a curtailment of the cherished autonomy of sport. That autonomy is lost in so far as the EU treaties apply, and the consequence is the creation of two ‘separate territories’: a territory for sporting autonomy and a territory for legal intervention. The contest is over the extent to which the territory for sporting autonomy should be invaded by legal intervention.
KeywordsEuropean Union Sport Organisation International Olympic Committee Lisbon Treaty European Union Institution
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