The Duty to Investigate Civilian Casualties During Armed Conflict and Its Implementation in Practice
This article explores the duty to investigate civilian casualties during armed conflict. It considers the circumstances in which a State is obliged under the Law of Armed Conflict to investigate civilian casualties caused by its armed forces. The article further discusses in what manner, once the duty to investigate materializes, it should be carried out drawing a distinction between a formal criminal investigation and a more flexible procedure which is referred to as a post-attack review.
KeywordsCivilian casualties Investigation Precautions War crimes Command investigations Armed conflict Human rights law
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