Advertisement

The European Court of Justice and (Quasi-)Judicial Bodies of International Organisations

  • Christina Eckes
Chapter

Abstract

In a considerable number of areas, the European Union has developed its own state-like foreign policy. One important dimension is participation in international legal regimes. This is membership of international organisations and the signing of multilateral conventions. Because of the EU’s internal complexity participation in international legal regimes raises many issues of a constitutional nature. The Court of Justice has repeatedly been asked to scrutinise whether a particular case of participation is in compliance with EU law. In this regard, it is fair to say that the Court of Justice’s greatest concern has been the preservation of the autonomy of the EU legal order and more specifically the autonomous interpretation of EU law by the Court itself. Indeed, the Court has not so far accepted that it must be submitted to the authority of any external (quasi-)judicial structure. The two most prominent examples of international (quasi-)judicial bodies that have had and will continue to have a normative impact on the EU are the dispute settlement mechanism of the World Trade Organization and the European Court of Human Rights. As is well known the EU is a member of the WTO, while negotiations for accession to the European Convention on Human Rights are ongoing. The underlying questions are: How does, will and should the Court of Justice deal with the decisions of these two (quasi-)judicial bodies? What could be the reasons for the Court of Justice’s concern about the autonomy of the EU legal order?

Keywords

European Union World Trade Organization European Economic Area Preventive Detention World Trade Organization Agreement 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Antoniadis A (2004) The participation of the European community in the World Trade Organization: an external look at European Union constitution-building. In: Tridimas T, Nebia P (eds) European Union law for the twenty-first century. Hart Publishing, Oxford, pp 321–344Google Scholar
  2. Beck U (2002) The terrorist threat: world risk society revisited. Theory, Cult & Soc 19:39–55Google Scholar
  3. Bronckers M (2007) The relationship of the EC courts with other international tribunals: non-committal, respectful, or submissive? Common Mark Law Rev 44:601–627Google Scholar
  4. Brownlie I (2008) Principles of international law. Oxford University Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  5. Coplin WD (1965) International law and assumptions about the state system. World Politics 17(4):615–634CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. De Baere G (2011) International negotiations post Lisbon: a case study of the Union’s external environmental policy. In Koutrakos (ed) The European Union’s external relations a year after Lisbon. CLEER WP 2011/3, 97–112Google Scholar
  7. Eckes C (2009) EU counter-terrorist policies and fundamental rights: the case of individual sanctions. Oxford University Press, OxfordCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Eckes C (2011) International law as law of the EU: the role of the ECJ. In: Cannizzaro E, Palchetti P, Wessel RA (eds) International law as law of the European Union. Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, Leiden, pp 353–377Google Scholar
  9. Eeckhout P (2011) EU external relations law. Oxford University Press, OxfordCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Greer S (2003) Constitutionalizing adjudication under the European Convention on Human Rights. Oxford J Leg Stud 23(3):405–433CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Habermas J (1973) Legitimationsprobleme im Spätkapitalismus. Suhrkamp, Frankfurt am MainGoogle Scholar
  12. Hart HLA (1961) The concept of law. Oxford University Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  13. Hathaway OA (2008) International delegation and state sovereignty. Law Contemp Probl 77:115Google Scholar
  14. Hillion C, Koutrakos P (eds) (2010) Mixed agreements revisited: the EU and its member states in the world. Hart Publishing, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  15. Hlavac M (2010) Less than a state, more than an international organization: the sui generis nature of the European Union, available at: http://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/27179/1/Hlavac-EU-Less_Than_State_More_Than_IO.pdf
  16. Hoeksma J (2011) The EU as a democratic polity in international law. CLEER WP 2011/2Google Scholar
  17. Hollis DB (2005) Why state consent still matters: Non-state actors, treaties, and the changing sources of international law. Berkeley J Int Law 23:1–39Google Scholar
  18. Jacqué JP (2011) The accession of the European Union to the European Convention on Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. Comm Mark Law Rev 48:995Google Scholar
  19. Kelsen H (1966) Principles of international law, 2nd edn. Holt, Rinehart and Winston, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  20. Kingsbury B (1992) Claims by non-state groups in international law. Cornell Int Law J 25:481–513Google Scholar
  21. Koutrakos P (ed) The European Union’s external relations a year after Lisbon. CLEER WP 2011/3Google Scholar
  22. Licková M (2008) European exceptionalism in international law. Eur J Int Law 19(3):463–490CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Lock T (2011) Walking on a tightrope: The draft ECHR accession agreement and the autonomy of the EU legal order. Comm Mark Law Rev 48:1025–1054Google Scholar
  24. McCorquodale R (2003) The individual in the international legal system. In: Evans M (ed) International law. Oxford University Press, Oxford, pp 299–325Google Scholar
  25. Neframi E (2010) The duty of loyalty: rethinking its scope through its application in the field of EU external relations. Comm Mark Law Rev 47(2):323–359Google Scholar
  26. Paasivirta E, Kuijper PJ (2005) Does one size fit all?: The European community and the responsibility of international organizations. Neth Yearb Int Law 36:169–226CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Rosas A (2011) Is the EU a human rights organisation? CLEER WP 2011/1Google Scholar
  28. Snyder F (2010) The EU, the WTO and China: legal pluralism and international trade regulation. Hart Publishing, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  29. Stone Sweet A (2009) On the constitutionalisation of the convention: the European Court of Human Rights as a constitutional court, available at: http://works.bepress.com/alec_stone_sweet/33
  30. Walker N (2001) The EU and the WTO: constitutionalism in a new key. In: de Búrca G, Scott J (eds) The EU and the WTO: Legal and constitutional issues. Hart Publishing, Oxford, 31Google Scholar
  31. Wotopka CM, Tsutsui K (2008) Global human rights and state sovereignty: state ratification of international human rights treaties, 1965–2001. Sociol Forum 23(4):724CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© T.M.C. Asser Press and the author(s) 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Amsterdam Centre for European Law and GovernanceUniversity of AmsterdamAmsterdamThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations