The Influence of the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) on the EU Legal Order

  • Françoise D. Schild


The EU legal order reveals the influence of the FAO in five policy fields: fisheries, food law, animal health, international food security and forestry. In this chapter, two policy fields which may serve to exemplify FAO’s influence on the EU legal order, namely food security and food law, are discussed against the background of FAO’s institutional set-up and the history of FAO-EU interaction. The developments in the fields of food security and food law bring to light a shift from a partnership between equals to a more hierarchical relationship in which the EU acts as one of the FAO’s members. This contribution examines the Codex Alimentarius example (international administrative activity) and the CFS example (policy discussions). EU participation in these fora is examined in order to assess whether more intense participation leads to stronger effects in the EU legal order. The contribution also examines whether the Lisbon Treaty has had an effect on EU participation in the FAO. The CFS example is found to show some effects of the FAO’s work on EU policy thinking whereas EU participation was mostly limited to representation by a Member State. The Codex example shows considerable effects in the EU legal order. The extent of these effects, however, is determined by the EU legislator and judiciary. The participation of EU officials in the Codex Alimentarius Commission has led to some degree of informal influence.


Member State Lisbon Treaty Codex Alimentarius Commission Codex Standard World Food Security 
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Copyright information

© T.M.C. Asser Press and the author(s) 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.International Law DivisionMinistry of Foreign AffairsThe HagueThe Netherlands

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