Advertisement

Networks of Regulatory Agencies in Europe

  • Saskia Lavrijssen
  • Leigh Hancher
Chapter

Abstract

This chapter analyses the problems which arise with regard to the political and legal accountability of independent national regulatory authorities which work together with each other and with the Commission in the European networks of national regulators or the ‘European networks plus’. It devotes attention to the political monitoring by and accountability to the European Parliament and/or the national parliaments at the European and national level, respectively, and to the potential role of judicial oversight by the European Court of Justice and the national courts. A distinction is consistently drawn between the present situation of more informal co-operation between the national regulatory authorities in the European networks and the strengthened co-operation within the ‘European networks plus’. As part of the reform of European legislation in the network sectors, the Commission is currently looking at the possibilities for uniform application of European law in the member states and looking at ways of improving the co-ordination between the different national regulatory authorities. The Commission wishes to increase its own ex ante powers and is examining whether the role of the European networks of national regulators could be further strengthened by the creation of ‘European networks plus’. It recently published a proposal for a Regulation founding a European Agency for the Co-operation between Energy Regulators. Owing to the hybrid nature of the European networks and their actions, there are a number of ‘accountability gaps’ both in the present situation and in the proposals for the ‘European networks plus’. The chapter concludes with a number of proposals for improving the accountability of the ‘European networks plus’.

Keywords

Electronic Communication National Court Network Agency Political Accountability National Regulatory Authority 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Bradley K (2008) Halfway house: the 2006 comitology reforms and the European Parliament—a view from the ground floor. West Eur Polit 4:837–854CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bovens M (2007) Analysing and assessing public accountability. A conceptual framework. Eur Law J 4:447–468CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Cave M (2007) Broadband regulation in Europe—present and future. Compet Regul Netw Ind 4:405–424Google Scholar
  4. Caranta R et al (2004) Independent administrative authorities. British Institute of International and Comparative Law, LondonGoogle Scholar
  5. Coen D, Thatcher M (2008) Network governance and multi-level delegation: European networks of regulatory agencies. J Public Policy 28:49–71Google Scholar
  6. Craig P (2006) EU administrative law. Oxford University Press, OxfordCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Curtin D (2005) Delegation to EU non-majoritarian agencies and emerging practices of public accountability. In: Geradin D et al (eds) Regulation through agencies in the EU, a new paradigm of governance. Edward Elger, CheltenhamGoogle Scholar
  8. Curtin D (2007) Holding (Quasi)-autonomous EU administrative actors to public account. Eur Law J 4:523–541CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Dehousse R (2008) Delegation of powers in the European Union: the need for a multi-principals model. West Eur Polit 4:789–805CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Dehousse R (2002) EU law and the transformation of European governance. In: Joerges C, Dehousse R (eds) Good governance in Europe’s integrated market. Oxford University Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  11. Everson M (2005) Good governance and European agencies: the balance. In: Geradin D, Muñoz R, Petit N (eds) Regulation through agencies in the EU: a new paradigm of European governance. Elgar, CheltenhamGoogle Scholar
  12. Garattini S, Bertele V (2010) How can we regulate medicines better? In: Mossialis E et al (eds) Health systems governance in Europe: the role of EU law and policy. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  13. Griller S, Orator A (2007) Meroni revisited-empowering European agencies between efficiency and legitimacy, New governance paper ref. 04/40. http://www.eu-newgov.org/. Accessed 14 May 2012
  14. Hancher L (1996) The regulatory role of the European Union. In: Kassim H, Menon A (eds) The European Union and national industrial policy. Routledge, LondonGoogle Scholar
  15. Harlow C, Rawlings R (2007) Promoting accountability in multilevel governance: a network approach. Eur Law J 4:542–562CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Hofmann H, Türk A (2007) The development of integrated administration in the EU and its consequences. Eur Law J 2:253–271CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Krapohl S (2004) Credible commitment in non-independent regulatory agencies: a comparative analysis of the European agencies for pharmaceuticals and foodstuffs. Eur Law J 5:518–538CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Lavrijssen-Heijmans S (2006) Onafhankelijke mededingingstoezichthouders, regulerende be-voegdheden en de waarborgen voor good governance. Boom Juridische Uitgevers, Den HaagGoogle Scholar
  19. Larouche P (2000) Competition law and regulation in European telecommunications. Hart Publishing, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  20. Larouche P, de Visser M (2005) Key institutional issues and possible scenario’s for the review of the electronic communications framework, TILEC discussion paper 2005-032Google Scholar
  21. Lenaerts K, Verhoeven A (2002) Institutional balance as a guarantee for democracy in EU governance. In: Joerges C, Dehousse R (eds) Good governance in Europe’s integrated market. Oxford University Press, OxforsGoogle Scholar
  22. Majone G (2005) Dillemas of European integration: The ambiguities and pitfalls of integration by stealth. Oxford University Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  23. Papadopoulos Y (2007) Problems of democratic accountability in network and multi level governance. Eur Law J 4:468–469Google Scholar
  24. Scott J, Sturm S (2007) Courts as catalysts; re-thinking the judicial role in new governance. Columbia J Eur Law 3:565–594Google Scholar
  25. Senden L (2004) Soft law in European community law. Hart, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  26. Thatcher M, Coen D (2008) Reshaping European regulatory space: an evolutionary analysis. West Eur Polit 4:806–836CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Van Ooik R (2005) The growing importance of agencies in the EU: shifting governance and the institutional balance. In: Curtin D, Wessel RA (eds) Good governance and the European Union, reflections on concepts, institutions and substance. Intersentia, AntwerpGoogle Scholar
  28. Von Rosenberg H (2008) No ace to win the trick-the proposed ACER and its influence on EC competition law. Eur Compet Law Rev 9:512–522Google Scholar
  29. Vos E (2005) Independence, accountability and transparency of European regulatory agencies. In: Geradin D et al (eds) Regulation through agencies: a new paradigm of European governance. Edward Elgar, CheltenhamGoogle Scholar
  30. Vos E (2003) Agencies and the European Union. In: Verhey L, Zwart T (eds) Agencies in European and comparative perspective. Intersentia, AntwerpGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© T.M.C. ASSER PRESS, The Hague, The Netherlands, and the author(s) 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of LawUniversity of AmsterdamAmsterdamThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Tilburg Law School, Tilburg Law and Economics CenterTilburg UniversityTilburgThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations