Article 299(4): European Member State Territories for Whose External Relations a Member State is Responsible: Gibraltar

  • Fiona Murray


This chapter provides an introduction to the fourth paragraph of Article 299 TEC, dealing with the European territories for whose external relations a Member State is responsible, just before entry into force of the corresponding Lisbon Treaty provision. An overview of Gibraltar is provided, the only territory acknowledged to fall under this provision. The key developments since 1957 relevant to this paragraph are examined, including Member State accessions and impact of the Lisbon Treaty.


Member State Competent Authority External Relation Lisbon Treaty European Territory 
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Copyright information

© T.M.C. ASSER PRESS, The Hague, The Netherlands, and the authors 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.BrusselsBelgium

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