The Goals of the Common European Asylum System
Have the goals of the Common European Asylum Policy been achieved through the steps taken to date? What more needs to be done, to ensure a common system that is fully in line with the international refugee law and good practice? In 2006, UNHCR published a research paper on the implementation of the Dublin Regulation, which revealed significantly diverging approaches and gaps in the State practice. Moreover, the Qualification Directive has not yet achieved its objectives, neither to facilitate greater harmonisation nor to ensure protection for all those who need it, largely due to wide differences in its present interpretation and application by Member States. Yet, Member States are now also giving considerable priority to ‘practical cooperation’ as a means of bringing about more harmonisation of practice. In conclusion, there is a need for UNHCR to remain focused on raising the standards in key areas where the current norms do not ensure fair outcomes or the humane treatment of asylum seekers.