Advertisement

Introduction

  • Kinga Tibori Szabó
Chapter

Abstract

This chapter introduces the subject and main research questions of this book. First, a succinct presentation of the concept of self-defence and the controversies surrounding its anticipatory aspect is given. Secondly, the debate concerning the elements and temporal dimension of self-defence is elaborated and the different opinion groups regarding the legality of anticipatory action are described. Thirdly, the structure of the book and the research methods employed are portrayed. The last paragraphs of this chapter elaborate on the envisaged contribution of the present work to the debate regarding the temporality of self-defence.

Keywords

Temporal Dimension Security Council State Practice Normative Framework Anticipatory Action 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Abi Saab G (1987) Cours general du droit public. Recueil des Cours 207(1987-VII):9–463Google Scholar
  2. Akehurst M (1976) Custom as a source of international law. British Year b Int Law 47:1–53Google Scholar
  3. Alexandrov S (1996) Self-defense against the use of force in international law. Kluwer Law International, The HagueGoogle Scholar
  4. Anzilotti D (1928) Corso di diritto internationale. Atheneum, RomaGoogle Scholar
  5. Armed activities on the territory of the Congo (Democratic Republic of the Congo v. Uganda), Judgment of 19 December 2005, ICJ Rep. (2005)Google Scholar
  6. Badr GM (1980) The exculpatory effect of self-defence in state responsibility. Ga J Int Comp Law 10:1–28Google Scholar
  7. Bellamy AJ (2006) Just wars: from Cicero to Iraq. Polity Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  8. Bowett DW (1958) Self-defense in international law. Manchester University Press, ManchesterGoogle Scholar
  9. Brownlie I (1963) International law and the use of force by states. Clarendon Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  10. Brownlie I (1986) Comparative approaches to the theory of international law: remarks. Am Soc Int Law Proc 80:154–157Google Scholar
  11. Bush GW (1 June 2002) Graduation Speech at West Point. http://georgewbush-whitehouse.archives.gov/news/releases/2002/06/20020601-3.html. Accessed 21 January 2010
  12. Byers M (1999) Custom, power and the power of rules: international relations and customary international law. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Cahier P (1985) Changements et continuité du droit international: cours général de droit international public. Recueil des Cours 195(1985-VI):9–374Google Scholar
  14. Cassese A (2001) Terrorism is also disrupting some crucial legal categories of international law. Eur J Int Law 12:993–1001CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Cassese A (2005) International Law. Oxford University Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  16. Cheng B (1965) United Nations resolutions on outer space: ‘instant’ international customary law? Indian J Int Law 5:23–48Google Scholar
  17. Christakis T (2005) Existe-t-il un droit de légitime défense en cas de simple “menace”?: une réponse au “groupe des personnalités de haut niveau” de l’ONU. In: Société française pour le droit international, Les métamorphoses de la sécurité collective: droit, pratique et enjeux stratégiques. Pedone, Paris, pp 197–222Google Scholar
  18. Christopher P (2004) The ethics of war and peace: an introduction to legal and moral issues. Pearson/Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle RiverGoogle Scholar
  19. Constantinou A (2000) The right of self-defence under customary international law and Article 51 of the United Nations Charter. Sakkoulas, AthensGoogle Scholar
  20. Corten O (2007) Le débat sur la légitime défense préventive à l’occasion des 60 ans de l’ONU: nouvelles revendications, oppositions persistantes. In: Kherad R (ed) Légitimes défenses: colloque international organisé par le Laboratoire Angevin de Recherches sur les Actes Juridiques en collab. avec le Centre d’Études sur la Coopération Juridique International. LGDJ, Paris, pp 217–232Google Scholar
  21. Corten O (2008) Le droit contre la guerre: l’interdiction du recours à la force en droit international contemporain. Pedone, ParisGoogle Scholar
  22. D’Amato AA (1971) The concept of custom in international law. Cornell University Press, IthacaGoogle Scholar
  23. Détais J (2007) Les critéres du droit de légitime défense dans la jurisprudence de la Cour Internationalde de Justice. In: Kherad R (ed) Légitimes défenses: colloque international organisé par le Laboratoire Angevin de Recherches sur les Actes Juridiques en collab. avec le Centre d’Études sur la Coopération Juridique International. LGDJ, Paris, pp 149–171Google Scholar
  24. Dinstein Y (2005) War, aggression and self-defence. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  25. Dixon M (2000) Textbook on international law. Blackstone Press, LondonGoogle Scholar
  26. Evans GJ (2008) The responsibility to protect: ending mass atrocity crimes once and for all. Brookings Institution Press, Washington, D.C.Google Scholar
  27. Fleck D (1988) Rules of engagement for maritime forces and the limitation of the use of force under the UN Charter. Ger Yearb Int Law 31:165–186Google Scholar
  28. Franck T ((2002)) Recourse to force: state action against threats and armed attacks. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. GA Res. 2625: General Assembly Resolution 2625 (1970) Friendly Relations DeclarationGoogle Scholar
  30. Gardam JG (1993) Proportionality and force in international law. Am J Int Law 87:391–413CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Gardam JG (2004) Necessity, proportionality and the use of force by states. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Gazzini T (2005) The changing rules on the use of force in international law. Manchester University Press, ManchesterGoogle Scholar
  33. Gill TD (2007) The temporal dimension of self-defence. In: Schmitt M, Pejic J (eds) International law and armed conflict: exploring the faultlines. Essays in honour of Yoram Dinstein. Martinus Nijhoff, Leiden, pp 113–155CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Gray C (2004) International law and the use of force. Oxford University Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  35. Gray C (2008) International law and the use of force. Oxford University Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  36. Green JA (2009) The International Court of Justice and self-defence in international law. Hart, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  37. Greenwood C (2003) International law and the pre-emptive use of force: Afghanistan, Al-Qaida and Iraq. San Diego Int Law J 4:7–38Google Scholar
  38. Grewe WG (2000) The epochs of international law (trans: Byers M). De Gruyter, BerlinGoogle Scholar
  39. Henkin L (1991) The use of force: law and US policy. In: Henkin   et al (eds) Right v. Might. international law and the use of force. Council on Foreign Relations Press, New York, pp 37–69Google Scholar
  40. Henkin L (1995) International law: politics and values. Martinus Nijhoff, DordrechtGoogle Scholar
  41. Higgins R (1963) The development of international law through the political organs of the United Nations. Oxford University Press, LondonGoogle Scholar
  42. Hill C (2004) The Bush Administration preemption doctrine and the future of world order: remark. Am Soc Int Law Proc 98:329–331Google Scholar
  43. Hueck IJ (2001) The discipline of the history of international law: new trends and methods on the history of international law. J Hist Int Law 3:194–217Google Scholar
  44. Interview with Jacques Chirac (9 September 2002), New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2002/09/09/international/europe/09CTEX.html. Accessed 26 January 2011
  45. Jessup PC (1948) A modern law of nations: an introduction. Macmillan, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  46. Kelsen H (1939) Théorie du droit international coutumier. Revue international de la theorie du droit (New Series) 1:25–57Google Scholar
  47. Kelsen H (1966) Principles of international law. Holt Rinehart and Winston, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  48. Kolb R (2004) Self-defense and preventive war at the beginning of the millennium. Zeitschrift für öffentliches recht 59(2):111–134Google Scholar
  49. Kolesnik DN (1989) The development of the right to self-defence. In: Butler WE (ed) The non-use of force in international law. Nijhoff, Dordrecht, pp 153–159Google Scholar
  50. Kooijmans PH (2009) The legality of the use of force in the recent case law of the International Court of Justice. In: Yee S, Morin JY (eds) Multiculturalism and international law––essays in honour of Edward McWhinney. Martinus Nijhoff, Leiden, pp 455–466CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Koskenniemi M (1989) From apology to utopia: the structure of international legal argument. Lakimiesliiton Kustannus, HelsinkiGoogle Scholar
  52. Koskenniemi M (2001) Why history of international law today? Rechtsgeschichte 4:61–66Google Scholar
  53. Kunz J (1947) Individual and collective self-defence in Article 51 of the Charter of the UN. Am J Int Law 41:872–879CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Lachs M (1980) The development and general trends of international law in our time. Recueil des Cours 169(1980-IV):9–377Google Scholar
  55. Lillich RB (ed) (1986) Humanitarian intervention and the United Nations. University Press of Virginia, CharlottesvilleGoogle Scholar
  56. Lubell N (2010) Extraterritorial use of force against non-state actors. Oxford University Press, OxfordCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Malanczuk P (1987) Countermeasures and self-defence as circumstances precluding wrongfulness in the International Law Commission’s Draft Articles on States Responsibility. In: Spinedi M, Simma B (eds) United Nations codification of state responsibility. Oceana, New York, pp 197–286Google Scholar
  58. Malanczuk P (1997) Akehurst’s modern introduction to international law. Routledge, LondonGoogle Scholar
  59. McDougal MS (1963) The Soviet-Cuban quarantine and self-defense. Am J Int Law 57:597–604CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. McDougal MS, Feliciano FP (1961) Law and minimum world public order: the legal regulation of international coercion. Yale University Press, New HavenGoogle Scholar
  61. Myjer PJ, White ND (2002) The twin towers attack: an unlimited right to self-defence? J Confl Secur Law 7:5–17CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Neff SC (2005) War and the law of nations: general history. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Nicaragua 1986: Military and paramilitary activities in and against Nicaragua (Nicaragua v. USA), Judgment of 27 June 1986, ICJ Rep. (1986)Google Scholar
  64. Pierson C (2004) Preemptive self-defence in an age of weapons of mass destruction: Operation Iraqi Freedom. Denver J Int Law Policy 33:150–178Google Scholar
  65. de la Pradelle AG (1950) Maîtres et doctrines du droit des gens. Editions internationales, ParisGoogle Scholar
  66. Redslob R (1923) Histoire des grands principes du droit des gens depuis l’antiquité jusqu’à la veille de la grande guerre. Rousseau, ParisGoogle Scholar
  67. Reichberg GM, Syse H. Begby E (eds) (2006) The ethics of war: classic and contemporary readings. Blackwell, MaldenGoogle Scholar
  68. Roelofsen CG (1993–1994) History of the law of nations. A few remarks apropos some recent and not so recent publications. Grotiana 13–14:52–58Google Scholar
  69. Ruys T (2010) ‘Armed attack’ and Article 51 of the UN Charter. Evolutions in customary law and practice. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. Schachter O (1989) Entangled treaty and custom. In: Dinstein Y (ed) International law at a time of perplexity. Essays in honour of Shabtai Rosenne. Martinus Nijhoff, Dordrecht, pp 717–738Google Scholar
  71. Schachter O (1991) International law in theory and practice. Martinus Nijhoff, DordrechtGoogle Scholar
  72. Schachter O (1992) Implementing limitations on the use of force: the doctrine of proportionality and necessity. Am Soc Int Law Proc 86:39–40Google Scholar
  73. Schmitt C (1995) Staat, Grossraum, Nomos. Arbeiten aus den Jahren 1916–1969, Maschke G (ed), Duncker & Humblot, BerlinGoogle Scholar
  74. Schwebel SM (1972) Aggression, intervention and self-defence in modern international law. Recueil des Cours 136(1972-II): 411–497Google Scholar
  75. Simma B (ed) (1995) The Charter of the United Nations, A commentary. Oxford University Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  76. Steiger H (2001) From the international law of Christianity to the international law of the world citizen: reflections on the formation of epochs of the history of international law. J Hist Int Law 3:180–193Google Scholar
  77. Strupp K (1934) Les règles générales du droit de la paix. Récueil des Cours 47:259–595Google Scholar
  78. Taft WH, Buchwald TF (2003) Preemption, Iraq, and international law. Am J Int Law 97:557–563CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. Tesón FR (2005) Humanitarian intervention: an inquiry into law and morality. Transnational Ardsley, NYGoogle Scholar
  80. The Bush Administration preemption doctrine and the future of world order (2004) Am Soc Int Law Proc 98:325–337Google Scholar
  81. The Chatham House principles of international law on the use of force in self-defence (2006) Int Comp Law Q 55: 963–972Google Scholar
  82. Tunkin GI (1958) Co-existence and international law. Recueil des Cours 95:1–81Google Scholar
  83. Tunkin GI (1961) Remarks on the juridical nature of customary norms of international law. Calif Law Rev 49:419–430CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  84. Twiss T (1860) Law of nations considered as independent political communities, vol. 1. Oxford University Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  85. UN high level panel: Report of the High-Level Panel on Threats, Challenges and Change (2004). United Nations. http://www.un.org/secureworld/report2.pdf. Accessed 1 February 2011
  86. US National Security Strategy (2002) The White House (2002) The National Security Strategy of the United States of America Part V. Washington, D.C.Google Scholar
  87. Vanderpol A (1919) La doctrine scolastique du droit de guerre. Pedone, ParisGoogle Scholar
  88. Villiger ME (1997) Customary international law and treaties. Kluwer, The HagueGoogle Scholar
  89. Waldock CHM (1952) The regulation of the use of force by individual states in international law. Recueil Des Cours 81(1952-II):451–517Google Scholar
  90. Waldock CHM (1962) General course on public international law. Recueil des Cours 106:1–251Google Scholar
  91. Walzer M (2006) Just and unjust wars. Basic Books, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  92. Webster 1841: Letter from Daniel Webster, US Secretary of State, to Henry Fox, British Minister in Washington, 24 April 1841, in British and Foreign State Papers, 1840–1841, Vol. 29 (1857). James Ridgway and Sons, London, pp. 1129–1139Google Scholar
  93. Wedgwood R (2003) The fall of Saddam Hussein: Security Council mandates and preemptive self-defense. Am J Int Law 97:576–585CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  94. Wolfke K (1993) Custom in present international law. Martinus Nijhoff, DordrechtGoogle Scholar
  95. Wright Q (1963) The Cuban quarantine. Am J Int Law 57:546–565CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  96. Ziegler KH (1994) Völkerrechtsgeschichte: ein Studienbuch. Beck, MunichGoogle Scholar
  97. Yoo J (2003) International law and the war in Iraq. Am J Int Law 97:563–576CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  98. Zoller E (2004) The law applicable to the preemption doctrine. Am Soc Int Law Proc 98:333–337Google Scholar

Copyright information

© T.M.C. ASSER PRESS, The Hague, The Netherlands, and the authors  2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kinga Tibori Szabó
    • 1
  1. 1.Forum for the Law of Armed Conflict and Peace OperationsUniversity of AmsterdamAmsterdamThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations