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Investigating Violations of International Law in Armed Conflict

  • Michael N. SchmittEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

This chapter examines the legal norms governing investigations of possible international law violations during an armed conflict. It begins by setting forth those rules derived from the 1949 Geneva Conventions, 1977 Additional Protocols and customary law. Since human rights norms also apply in armed conflicts, the chapter surveys human rights investigatory standards, and how they interact with corresponding international humanitarian law rules. Since international humanitarian and human rights law on the subject lacks granularity, State practice is surveyed in order to tease out prevailing practices that may either reflect on how treaty law is applied or reveal the broad outlines of customary law. The chapter offers conclusions as to the applicable legal standards for such investigations.

Keywords

Supra Note Armed Conflict Geneva Convention Administrative Inquiry Military Police 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Abbreviations

ADF

Australian Defence Force

ADFIS

Australian Defence Force Investigative Service

AFOSI

Air Force Office of Special Investigation

CFNIS

Canadian Forces National Investigation Service

CFPM

Canadian Forces Provost Marshall

CMAC

Court-Martial Appeal Court

CMPS

Canadian Military Prosecution Service

DMP

Director of Military Prosecutions

ICCPR

International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights

ICRC

International Committee of the Red Cross

IDF

Israel Defence Force

IED

Improvised explosive device

IGADF

Inspector General of the Australian Defence Force

IHL

International humanitarian law

JAG

Judge Advocate General

LOAC

Law of armed conflict

MPCC

Military Police Complaints Commission

NATO

North Atlantic Treaty Organisation

QA

Quick Assessment

SPA

Service Prosecuting Authority

US

United States of America

UCMJ

Uniform Code of Military Justice

UNOSOM

United Nations Mission in Somalia

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Copyright information

© T.M.C. ASSER PRESS, The Hague, The Netherlands, and the authors 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.United States Naval War CollegeNewportUSA

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