Conclusions: Constructing a ‘Solid’ Multi-Layered Health Care Edifice
One of the reasons for the higher costs of health care is social and demographic changes in Europe: citizens are healthier and living longer and the birth rate has declined. Thus an older generation is dependent upon different forms of payment for the costs of health care. Europe has moved away from traditional State involvement and provision of a wide range of welfare or social benefits and social services and in the 1990s began discussing how traditional welfare benefits could be modernised. Included within this debate were issues of social and financial provision of ageing and long-term health care costs. The current economic crisis caused by the credit crunch has even made the need to reform health care more urgent given the cuts on government expenditure that the EU Member States are forced to make.
KeywordsMember State National Health Care Health Care Market National Health Care System Treaty Provision
- Ferrera M (2005) ‘Towards an Open Social Citizenship? The New Boundaries of Welfare in the European Union’. In: de Búrca G (ed) EU Law and the Welfare State—In Search of Solidarity. OUP 2005, OxfordGoogle Scholar
- Hall R and Jones C (2007). The value of life and the rise in health spending. Quart J Econ 122(1)Google Scholar
- Krajewski M (2009) Conclusion. In: Krajewski M, Neergaard U, van de Gronden J (eds) The changing legal framework for services of general interest in europe—Between Competition and Solidarity, TMC Asser Press, The Hague (referred to in the Introduction of the present volume)Google Scholar
- Monti M (2010) A New Strategy for the Single Market. At the Services of Europe’s Economy and Society, Report to the President of the European Commission, 9 May 2010 (This report is available at http://ec.europa.eu/bepa/pdf/monti_report_final_10_05_2010_en.pdf)