Twa Marginality and Indigenousness in Rwanda

  • Felix Mukwiza Ndahinda


For the past several centuries, Rwanda has been inhabited by three groups which have successively been referred to as races, classes, tribes or, ethnicities. Colonial encounter towards the end of the nineteenth century marvelled at what they saw as a sophisticated level of centralization of a Rwandan kingdom inhabited by three very different peoples with attributed different historical roots. Before examining the current situation of Twas in Rwanda and their indigenous claims in perspective, the present chapter takes a retrospective look at historical and socio-anthropological considerations over this identity. The rationale is that, while history might seem irrelevant in efforts aimed at addressing the present predicament of Twas of Rwanda and other (former) hunter-gatherer communities in the region, interrogation of the past might inform the present and suggest remedies for the future.


Indigenous People African Migration Royal Court Colonial Encounter African Commission 
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Copyright information

© T.M.C.ASSER PRESS and the author 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.International Victimology Institute Tilburg, Tilburg UniversityTilburgThe Netherlands

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