The EC and the Member States in the Kyoto Protocol

  • Leonardo Massai


The division of internal and external competences between the European Community and the Member States is the first theme which needs to be considered when studying the participation of the EC and the Member States in an international treaty and the implications of this commitment in respect of joint and differentiated obligations and responsibilities of the Community and the Member States. Establishing a clear division of competences between the EC and the Member States is an essential starting point for the assessment of the participation of the EU in the international climate regime, where the EC and the Member States have jointly committed themselves to reducing their levels of greenhouse gas emissions. Nonetheless, it is important to keep in mind that once the reform of the EU Treaty, notably the Treaty of Lisbon on the Functioning of the EU, has entered into force, the EU will acquire international legal personality and replace the EC.


European Union Member State Kyoto Protocol Commitment Period Council Decision 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Copyright information

© T.M.C. Asser Press and the authors 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.T.M.C. Asser InstituteThe HagueThe Netherlands
  2. 2.PratoItaly

Personalised recommendations