Adoption and Resistance: Zhang Yongjing and Ancient Chinese Calendrical Methods

  • Pingyi ChuEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science book series (BSPS, volume 275)


The fifteenth-century expansion of European science breathed life into hybrid scientific practices around the globe. The renowned historian of Chinese science Joseph Needham (1900–1995) memorably described an intellectual synthesis: “The older streams of science in different civilizations like rivers flowed into the ocean of modern science.”1 Needham’s description sounds as if the Chinese should simply embrace Europe’s “oecumenical” modern sciences and overlooks the new relations of power between the foreigners and their hosts. A broader perspective suggests that the landing of modern science on Chinese soil involved more than a few jolts.


European Science Phenomenal World Metaphysical Foundation Confucian Scholar Myriad Thing 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of History and Philology, Academia SinicaTaipeiTaiwan

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