Engineering Earth pp 1021-1044 | Cite as

Myanmar’s New Capital City of Naypyidaw

  • Dulyapak Preecharushh


Myanmar’s capital relocation from Yangon to Naypyidaw is an interesting case study in the context of geographical configuration, urban architectural design and Southeast Asian urbanization in the 21st century. The establishment of the new capital is a grand strategy of the ruling military government, consisting of three main elements: politico-military security, hinterland development and historical-cultural legacies. Geographically, the new capital is located on the upper Sittang valley commanding the granary areas and the forestry regions. The city is strategically suitable in military terms with mountains as defense fortifications and the fertile area is suitable for agricultural development. Meanwhile the valley has hydroelectric energy development potential. The new capital is also located in a geometric position and sits strategically on major transportation networks accessing to all parts of the country. In the context of urban settlement, Myanmar’s new capital comprises the twin cities of Pyinmana (the old city) and Naypyidaw (the newly established capital and the official center for governmental administration). Moreover, the ruling junta has constructed a new command center (northeast of Pyinmana town) which is the location of military headquarters, military bunkers and underground tunnels. Also I find it interesting that the urban architectural structure of Naypyidaw shares some similar characteristics with other cities in terms of geographical setting, metropolitan network and military-strategic significance, for example, Ankara in Turkey, Islamabad in Pakistan and NORAD and Cu Chi in the U.S. and Vietnam, respectively.


Urban Settlement Military Leader Military Government Underground Complex Military Junta 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Southeast Asian Studies ProgramThammasat UniversityBangkokThailand

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