Engineering Earth pp 2173-2184 | Cite as

A Perspective on Weather Modification: Planned and Inadvertent

  • Nancy Westcott


Weather modification has traditionally had two components: planned, referring to cloud seeding to increase rain or snow, decrease hail, reduce the destructiveness of hurricanes or dissipate fog, and inadvertent referring to the impact of large urban cities on the local weather (winds, precipitation, lightning, and aerosol concentrations). This chapter briefly examines 60 years of weather modification practices, research, results, and lessons that may be relevant to decisions regarding climate modification. For climate, one must consider whether issues related to scientific credibility, technological and logistical limitations, proof of concept requirements, effects of unexpected consequences, and funding cycles can be sufficiently resolved to provide both beneficial and verifiable results.


Urban Heat Island Cloud System Silver Iodide Cloud Property Cumulus Cloud 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



Special thanks go to Stanley A. Changnon, Jr. for his encouragement and insight into weather modification. The reviews of James Angel and David Kristovich were very helpful. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Illinois State Water Survey.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Illinois State Water Survey, Institute of Natural Resource StabilityUniversity of IllinoisUrbanaUSA

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