Haloorganics in Temperate Forest Ecosystems: Sources, Transport and Degradation

  • Nicholas Clarke
  • Milan Gryndler
  • Hans-Holger Liste
  • Reiner Schroll
  • Peter Schröder
  • Miroslav Matucha
Chapter
Part of the Plant Ecophysiology book series (KLEC, volume 8)

Abstract

The halogens, most importantly fluorine, chlorine, bromine, and iodine, occur in nature as ions and compounds, including organic compounds. Halogenated organic substances (haloorganics) were long considered purely anthropogenic products; however, they are in addition a commonly occurring and important part of natural ecosystems. Natural haloorganics are produced largely by living organisms, although abiotic production occurs as well. A survey is given of processes of formation, transport, and degradation of haloorganics in temperate and boreal forests, predominantly in Europe. More work is necessary in order to understand the environmental impact of haloorganics in temperate and boreal forest soils. This includes both further research, especially to understand the key processes of formation and degradation of halogenated compounds, and monitoring of the substances in question in forest ecosystems. It is also important to understand the effect of various forest management techniques on haloorganics, as management can be used to produce desired effects.

Keywords

Soil Organic Matter Forest Soil Phenol Oxidase Activity Methyl Chloride Chlorinate Pesticide 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nicholas Clarke
    • 1
  • Milan Gryndler
    • 2
  • Hans-Holger Liste
    • 3
  • Reiner Schroll
    • 4
  • Peter Schröder
    • 5
  • Miroslav Matucha
    • 6
  1. 1.Norwegian Forest and Landscape InstituteÅsNorway
  2. 2.Institute of MicrobiologyCzech Academy of SciencesPragueCzech Republic
  3. 3.Centre for Cultivated CropsJulius Kühn-Institute (JKI) Federal ResearchBerlinGermany
  4. 4.Institute of Soil Ecology, Helmholtz Center MunichGerman Research Center for Environmental Health (GmbH)NeuherbergGermany
  5. 5.Department of Microbe-Plant InteractionsGerman Research Center for Environmental Health (GmbH)NeuherbergGermany
  6. 6.Institute of Experimental BotanyCzech Academy of SciencesPrague 4Czech Republic

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