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State-of-the-Art Chemical Analyses: Xenobiotics, Plant Proteomics, and Residues in Plant Based Products

  • Touradj Solouki
  • Mohammad Ali Khalvati
  • Mahsan Miladi
  • Behrooz Zekavat
Chapter
Part of the Plant Ecophysiology book series (KLEC, volume 8)

Abstract

Utilizing modern analytical tools, “x-omics” approaches (e.g., genomics, metabolomics, proteomics, etc.), and data mining techniques for comprehensive characterization of plant metabolism of xenobiotics can enhance our ability to assess environmental impacts. However, a solid understanding of metabolic pathways at the molecular level is required for targeted exploitation of species-specific detoxifying abilities of various plants. Characterization of phytotoxic pathways and dynamic molecular interactions in biological systems requires a systematic approach that can merge data from multiple analytical techniques. In this chapter, a brief review on recent advances in analytical instruments, particularly high ­performance mass spectrometers (MS) and allied techniques, and their impact on integrative biological studies in plant proteomics and botany are provided. Moreover, the importance of sample preparation, analyte separation, and standardization techniques are discussed. The significance of data correlation from high throughput and high resolution MS, multistage MS (MSn), “bottom-up” and ­“top-down” proteomics, determination of various stress responses, and identification of post-translational modifications in plants are also discussed. The conclusions provide a summary of the current instrumental limitations and anticipated future directions and challenges in plant system biology studies.

Keywords

Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Capillary Zone Electrophoresis Electron Capture Dissociation Mass Measurement Accuracy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgements

Partial Financial support from the Institute for Therapeutic Discovery and United States Civilian Research Development Foundation (US CRDF) is gratefully acknowledged. Authors would like to thank Sabina Solouki for her assistance with the editing.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Touradj Solouki
    • 1
  • Mohammad Ali Khalvati
    • 2
  • Mahsan Miladi
    • 1
  • Behrooz Zekavat
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of ChemistryUniversity of MaineOronoUSA
  2. 2.Department of Microbe–Plant InteractionsGerman Research Centre for Environmental Health (Helmholtz-Zentrum München)NeuherbergGermany

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