Incitement, Prevention and Media Rights
This article argues that media rights are currently understood as being founded on freedom of expression, which makes them inherently skewed in favour of the producer – as the party doing the expressing – vis-à-vis the receiver, or object of communication. It claims that in genocidal situations this imbalance has dangerous consequences, as demonstrated by the impact of the RTLM radio station in Rwanda and Serbian state television in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The articles argues that the next step in the democratic development of media-related rights is to bind the media to standards derived from an ethics of communication, as distinct from an ethics of self-expression. It concludes that the international community must take the initiative to reach that step as it would benefit from holding media outlets accountable to an ethics of communication.