The acaricidal activity of 14 essential oils and 14 of their major monoterpenoids were tested against the house dust mite Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus. Mites were exposed for 24 and 48 h to five concentrations of each constituent, under laboratory conditions. In general, the acaricidal effect of both essential oils and monoterpenoids against the dust mites was time-dependent: LC50 values decreased with increasing exposure time. Essential oils from clove, matrecary, chenopodium, rosemary, eucalyptus, and caraway oils had high activity. The monoterpenoids cinnamaldehyde and chlorothymol were most effective, followed by citronellol. This study suggests the use of several essential oils and their major constituents as eco-friendly biodegradable agents for the control of the house dust mite, D. pteronyssinus.
- Natural acaricides
- essential oils
- house dust mite
- Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus
This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.
Tax calculation will be finalised at checkout
Purchases are for personal use onlyLearn about institutional subscriptions
Adilah N, Fitzharris P, Crane J & Siebers RW (1997) The effect of frequent vacuum cleaning on the house dust mite allergen. New Zeal Med J 28: 438–439.
Arlian LG, Bernstein D & Friedman S (1992) Prevalence of dust mites in the homes of people with asthma living in eight different geographic areas of the United States. J Allergy Clin Immunol 90: 292–300.
Arshad SH & Hide DW (1992) Effect of environmental factors on the development of allergic disorders in infancy. J Allergy Clin Immunol 90: 235–241.
Bischoff ER, Fischer A, Liebenberg B & Kniest FM (1998) Mite control with low temperature washing. II- Elimination of living mites on clothing. Clin Exp Allergy 28: 60–65.
Colloff M, Ayres J, Carswell F & Howarth P (1992) The control of allergens of dust mites and domestic pets. Clin Exp. Allergy 22: 1–28.
Finney J (1971) Probit Analysis. 2nd edn. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.
Furimizo RT & Natuhara Y (1989) New wet sieving method for isolating house dust mites. Jap J Sanit Zool 40: 333–336.
Green WF, Nicholas NR, Salome CM & Woolcock AJ (1989) Reduction of house dust mites and mite allergens: effect of spraying carpets and blankets with Allersearch DMS, an acaricide combined with an allergen reducing agent. Clin Exp Allergy 19: 203–207.
Hallas TE (1991) The biology of mites. Allergy 46: 6–9.
Kim EH, Kim HK & Ahn YJ (2003) Acaricidal activity of clove bud oil compounds against Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus and Dermatophagoides farinae (Acari: pyroglyphidae). J Agric Food Chem 51: 885–889.
Kim HK (2001) Acaricidal activities of phenylpropenes identified in Cinnamomum cassia bark against Dermatophagoides spp. (Acari: Pyroglyphidae). MSc Thesis, Seoul National University, Suwon, Republic of Korea.
Kwon JH & Ahn YJ (2002) Acaricidal activity of butylidenephathalide identified in Cnidium officinale rhizome against against Dermatophagoides farinae and Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus (Acari: pyroglyphidae). J Agric Food Chem 50: 4479–4483.
Lau-Schadendorf S, Falkenhorst G & Weber A (1989) High mite allergen exposure increases the risk of sensitization in atopic children and young adults. J Allergy Clin Immunol 84: 718–725.
McDonald LG & Tovey E (1993) The effectiveness of benzyl benzoate and some essential plant oils as laundry additives for killing house dust mites. J Allergy Clin Immunol 92: 771–772.
Mitchell EB, Wilkins S, McCallum J & Platt-Mills TA (1985) Reduction of house dust mite allergen in the home. Uses of the acaricides. Clin Allergy 15: 235–240.
Miyazaki Y, Yatagai M & Takaoka M (1989) Effect of essential oils on the activity of house dust mites. Jpn J Biometeorol 26: 105–108.
Nishioka K, Yasueda H & Saito H (1998) Preventive effect of bedding encasement with micro fine fibers on mite sensitization. J Allergy Clin Immunol 101: 28–32.
Rembold H (2005) Control of the house dust mite, Dermatophagoides farinae, by neem seed extract. J Allergy Clin Immunol 115: S131.
Rezk HA (2004). Evaluation of some environmental factors affecting the population density of house dust mites in the homes of asthmatic patients in Egypt. Alex J Pharm Sci 18: 11–16.
Rezk HA, Abd El-Hamid MM & Abd El-latif MA (1996) House dust mites in Alexandria region, Egypt. Alex J Agric Res 41: 209–216.
Rezk HA & Gadelhak GG (2004) Acaricidal activity of two plant essential oils on the adult stage of the house dust mite, Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus Trouessart (Acari: Pyroglyphidae). Phytophaga XIV: 667–673.
Saint Georges, G de (1987) Vitamin requirements of the European house dust mite, Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus (Acari: Pyroglyphidae), in relation to its fungal association. J Med Entomol 24: 408–410.
Solarz K (2001) Risk of exposure to house dust pyroglyphid mites in Poland. Ann Agric Environ Med 8: 11–24.
Solarz K (2001) Pyroglyphidae (Acari: Astigmata) in Poland. Distribution, biology, population ecology and epidemiology. Acta Zool Cracov 44: 435–528.
Susan MP & Ward GW (1987) House dust sensitivity and environmental control. Immunol Allergy North Am 7: 447–461.
Tovey E (1993) Mites and their allergen. Mites, Asthma and Domestic Design (ed. by E Tovey, A Fifoot & L Sieber), pp. 19–21. University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia.
Tovey E & McDonald LG (1997) A simple washing procedure with eucalyptus oil for controlling house dust mites and their allergens in clothing and bedding. J Allergy Clin Immunol 100: 464–466.
Editors and Affiliations
© 2010 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.
About this paper
Cite this paper
El-Zemity, S.R., Rezk, H.A., Farok, S., Zaitoon, A.A. (2010). Acaricidal activity of some essential oils and their monoterpenoidal constituents against the house dust mite, Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus (Acari: Pyroglyphidae). In: Sabelis, M., Bruin, J. (eds) Trends in Acarology. Springer, Dordrecht. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-90-481-9837-5_93
Publisher Name: Springer, Dordrecht
Print ISBN: 978-90-481-9836-8
Online ISBN: 978-90-481-9837-5