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A Small Catchment Scale Approach for Modeling Effects of Forest Management on Water Cycle in Boreal Landscape

  • Harri Koivusalo
  • Hannu Hökkä
  • Ari Laurén
Chapter
Part of the Ecological Studies book series (ECOLSTUD, volume 212)

Abstract

Forested areas in Europe are part of a mosaic-structured landscape with high diversity of land use types, soils, and vegetation. Quantification of hydrological processes in such areas deals with range of temporal and spatial scales. In the boreal region a large share of landscape is covered with managed forests. Such forest is typically a mosaic of tree stands with patches having relatively homogeneous species composition and age. Hydrological processes are one of the key factors controlling the growth condition of forests and the environmental impacts of forest management. Soil moisture conditions in the root zone affect stand transpiration and runoff is the carrier for nutrients and sediment from managed areas to lakes and rivers. There is a need to develop modelling tools where hydrological processes, solute transport, and forest management scenarios are implemented and integrated in the same scale. We address the questions related to water balance and forest management in boreal forests and provide an example of modelling approach in small catchment scale. The methodology demonstrated here is applicable to other land-use scenarios as well.

Keywords

Forest Management Hydrological Model Hydrological Process Stream Network Landscape Unit 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

Finnish Forest Research Institute research projects ‘Hydrological nutrient losses and methods of water quality protection on peatlands drained for forestry purposes’ and ‘Prediction and mitigation of nutrient and sediment load from forested catchments’ are acknowledged for permitting the authors to participate in this COST action.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Civil and Environmental EngineeringAalto University School of Science and TechnologyAaltoFinland
  2. 2.Rovaniemi Research UnitFinnish Forest Research InstituteRovaniemiFinland
  3. 3.Joensuu Research UnitFinnish Forest Research InstituteJoensuuFinland

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