Resource Equivalency Methods in the European Union: A ‘Toolkit’ for Calculating Environmental Liability

  • Joshua Lipton
  • Ece Özdemiroğlu
  • Kate LeJeune
  • Jennifer Peers


We developed a methodological toolkit for performing resource equivalency analyses in the European Union, supported by European Commission DG Research and Innovation through the REMEDE project (Resource Equivalency Methods for Assessing Environmental Damage in the European Union). The purpose of the Toolkit is to provide users with an overview of resource equivalency methods in the context of the Environmental Liability Directive, Habitats Directive, Wild Birds Directive, and Environmental Impact Assessment Directive. The Toolkit outlines analytical steps that can be used to assess and remediate different types of environmental damages and incidents covered by these Directives.


Resource equivalency analysis Habitat equivalency analysis Value equivalency analysis Credit Debit 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joshua Lipton
    • 1
  • Ece Özdemiroğlu
    • 2
  • Kate LeJeune
    • 3
  • Jennifer Peers
    • 1
  1. 1.Abt AssociatesBoulderUSA
  2. 2.eftecLondonUK
  3. 3.RabouilletFrance

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