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Water Abstraction from the River Itchen, Hampshire, United Kingdom

Chapter

Abstract

The River Itchen is a classic chalk river arising from the chalk aquifer of the Hampshire Downs in central southern England. It is world famous for its fly fishing for trout and Atlantic salmon and was where the techniques of dry fly fishing were first developed in the early 20th century. The river has been used for centuries as a source of power, to irrigate flood plain water meadows and as a source of drinking water. These various uses have had a range of effects on the river and its associated wetlands but despite these many changes it retains a rich biodiversity. This case considers predicted future impacts of abstraction (extraction) for public water supply. This could be an example of ‘imminent threat’ as defined in the Environmental Liability Directive (Article 2—‘sufficient likelihood that environmental damage will occur in the near future’). The removal of water from the river results in reduced water levels and most importantly, reduced flow velocity. This causes a range of effects on the river including increased temperature, reduced oxygen concentration and increased concentration of plant nutrients, particularly phosphate, and other contaminants. Previous investigations have shown that in naturally dry years water abstraction has the potential to cause damage to the populations of Atlantic salmon and the floating Ranunculus habitat of the river. This case study uses habitat and resource equivalency analyses to estimate the damage and select compensatory remediation. The economic value of Atlantic salmon is also presented.

Keywords

Habitat equivalency analysis Resource equivalency analysis Value transfer Water abstraction Salmon Floating Ranunculus 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Jonathan Cox AssociatesLymingtonUK
  2. 2.eftecLondonUK

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