Skip to main content

Forest Products with Health-Promoting and Medicinal Properties

  • 3945 Accesses

Abstract

Forests are a rich renewable source of health-promoting and ­medicinal products. Not only the trees but also berries, nuts and mushrooms in forests contain a multitude of natural bioactive compounds which can be used in ­health-promoting products and medicines. In addition to the main structural ­components that trees contain, namely cellulose, hemicelluloses and lignin, ­thousands of ­bioactive ­compounds have been identified. Forest products have always had a key role in ­traditional medicine which continues to be of great importance, ­especially in developing countries. In the industrialized countries, the pharmaceutical ­industry is again increasingly looking at plant-derived natural drugs. Plant-derived compounds help to build a bridge between the traditional medical drugs in developing countries and the modern pharmaceuticals in the developed countries. Plant-derived bioactive compounds serve especially as ­preventive agents helping to maintain health.

Keywords

  • Medicinal Plant
  • Bioactive Compound
  • Ellagic Acid
  • Juglans Regia
  • Wild Mushroom

These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Buying options

Chapter
USD   29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • DOI: 10.1007/978-90-481-9806-1_3
  • Chapter length: 36 pages
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
eBook
USD   229.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • ISBN: 978-90-481-9806-1
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
Softcover Book
USD   299.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Hardcover Book
USD   299.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Fig. 3.1
Fig. 3.2
Fig. 3.3
Fig. 3.4
Fig. 3.5
Fig. 3.6
Photo 3.1

References

  • Ait Igri M, Holeman M, Ilidrissi A, Berrada M (1990) Contributions a l’étude des huiles essentielles des rameaux et du bois de Tetraclinis articulata (Vahl) Masters. Plantes Médicinal et Phytothérapie 24(1):36–43

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Al-Habbal MJ, Al-Habbal Z, Huwez FU (1984) A double-blind controlled clinical trial of mastic and placebo in the treatment of duodenal ulcer. Clin Exp Pharmacol Physiol 11(5):541–544

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Almario RU, Vonghavaravat V, Wong R, Kasim-Karakas SE (2001) Effects of walnut consumption on plasma fatty acids and lipoproteins in combined hyperlipidemia. Am J Clin Nutr 74:72–79

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Anderson KJ, Teuber SS, Gobeille A, Cremin P, Waterhouse AL, Steinberg FM (2001) Walnut polyphenolics inhibit in vitro human plasma and LDL oxidation. J Nutr 131:2837–2842

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Andrikopoulos NK, Kaliora AC, Assimopoulou AN, Papapeorgiou VP (2003) Biological activity of some naturally occurring resins, gums and pigments against in vitro LDL oxidation. Phytother Res 17(5):501–507

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Arts IC, Hollman P (2005) Polyphenols and disease risk in epidemiological studies. J Agric Food Chem 81:317S–325S

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Assimopoulou AN, Papageorgiou VP (2005) GC-MS analysis of penta- and tetra-cyclic triterpenes from resins of Pistacia species. Part I. Pistacia lentiscus var. Chia. Biomed Chromatogr 19(4):285–311

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Balan KV, Demetzos C, Prince J, Dimas K, Cladaras M, Han Z, Wyche JH, Pantazis P (2005) Induction of apoptosis in human colon cancer HCT116 cells treated with an extract of the plant product Chios mastic gum. In Vivo 19(1):93–102

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Balan KV, Prince J, Han Z, Dimas K, Cladaras M, Wyche JH, Sitaras NM, Pantazis P (2006) Antiproliferative activity and induction of apoptosis in human colon cancer cells treated in vitro with constituents of a product derived from Pistacia lentiscus L. var. chia. Phytomedicine 14:263–272

    Google Scholar 

  • Barrero AF, Quilez del Moral JF, Lucas R, Paya M, Akssira M, Akaad S, Mellouki F (2003) Diterpenoids from Tetraclinis articulata that inhibit human leukocyte functions. J Nat Prod 66:844–850

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Bauer JA et al (2006) Resveratrol improves health and survival of mice on a high-calorie diet. Nature 444:337–342

    Google Scholar 

  • Bebb JR, Bailey-Flitter N, Ala’Aldeen D, Atherton JC (2003) Mastic gum has no effect on Helicobacter pylori load in vivo. J Antimicrob Chemother 52(3):522–523

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Bergendorff O, Sterner O (1988) The sesquiterpenes of Lactarius deliciosus and Lactarius deterrimus. Phytochemistry 27:97–100

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Bomser J, Madhavi DL, Singletary K, Smith MA (1996) In vitro anticancer activity of fruit extracts from Vaccinium species. Planta Med 62:212–216

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Bona S, Bono L, Daghetta L, Marone P (2001) Bactericidal activity of Pistacia lentiscus gum mastic against Helicobacter pylori. Am J Gastroenterol 96:S49

    Google Scholar 

  • Borchers AT, Stern JS, Hackman RM, Keen CL, Gershwin ME (1999) Mushrooms, tumors, and immunity. Proc Soc Exp Biol Med 221:281–293

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Buhagiar JA, Camilleri Podesta MT, Flamini G, Cioni PL, Morelli I (2000) Contributions to the chemical investigation of the essential oils extracted from leafy and woody branches, cones and seeds of Tetraclinis articulata (Vahl) Masters. J Essent Oil Res 12:29–32

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Ceyhan N, Ugur A (2001) Investigation of in vitro antimicrobial activity of honey. Riv boil 94:363–371

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Chanegriha N, Sabaou N, Baoliouamer A, Meklati BY (1994) Activite antimicrobienne et antifongique de l’huile essentielle du Cupres d’Algerie. Rivista Italiana Eppos 12:5–12

    Google Scholar 

  • Chang LC, Song LL, Park EJ, Luyengi L, Lee KJ, Fransworth NR, Pezzuto JM, Kinghorn AD (2000) Bioactive constituents of Thuja occidentalis. J Nat Prod 63:1235–1238

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Chen C, Kong AN (2004) Dietary chemopreventive compounds and ARE/EpRE signalling. Free Radic Biol Med 36:1505–1516

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Chu Y-F, Liu RH (2005) Cranberries inhibit LDL oxidation and induce LDL receptor expression in hepatocytes. Life Sci 77:1892–1901

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Claisse R (1985) Drogues de la pharmacopee traditionnelle dans la region de Rabat-Sale 1- bryophytes, coniferes et monocotyledones. Plantes Medicinal et Phytotherapie 19(3):216–224

    Google Scholar 

  • Clericuzio M, Mella M, Toma L, Finzi PV, Vidari G (2002) Atlanticones, new protoilludane ­sesquiterpenes from the mushroom Lactarius atlanticus (Basidiomycetes). Eur J Org Chem 2002:988–994

    Google Scholar 

  • Colaric M, Veberic R, Solar A, Hudina M, Stampar F (2005) Phenolic acids, syringaldehyde, and juglone in fruits of different cultivars of Juglans regia L. J Agric Food Chem 53:6390–6396

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Connolly JD, Hill RA (1991) Dictionary of terpenoids, vol 2. Chapman and Hall, London

    Google Scholar 

  • Croteau R, Johnson MA (1985) Biosynthesis of terpenoid wood extractives. In: Higuichi T (ed) Biosynthesis and biodegradation of wood components. Academic, Orlando, pp 379–439

    Google Scholar 

  • De Smet PAGM (2005) Herbal Medicine in Europe. Relaxing regulatory standard. New Engl J Med 352(12):1176–1178

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Dedoussis GV, Kaliora AC, Psarras S, Chiou A, Mylona A, Papadopoulos NG, Andrikopoulos NK (2004) Antiatherogenic effect of Pistacia lentiscus via GSH restoration and downregulation of CD36 mRNA expression. Atherosclerosis 174(2):293–303

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Diel P, Smolnikar K, Michna H (1999) In vitro test systems for the evaluation of the estrogenic activity of natural products. Planta Med 65:197–203

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Diel P, Schmidt S, Vollmer G (2002) In vivo test systems for the quantitative and qualitative analysis of the biological activity of phytoestrogens. J Chromatogr B 777:191–202

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Dimas K, Demetzos C, Vaos V, Ioannidis P, Trangas T (2001) Labdane type diterpenes down-regulate the expression of c-Myc protein, but not of Bcl-2, in human leukaemia T-Cells undergoing apoptosis. Leukemia Res 25:449–454

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Doukas C (2003) Cosmetics that contain mastic gum and mastic oil. Chem Chron 12:36–39

    Google Scholar 

  • Dulger B, Yilmaz F, Gucin F (2002) Antimicrobial activity of some Lactarius species. Pharm Biol 40:304–306

    Google Scholar 

  • Dulger B, Gonuz A, Gucin F (2004) Antimicrobial activity of the macrofungus Cantharellus cibarius. Pak J Biol Sci 7:1535–1538

    Google Scholar 

  • Eddouks M, Maghrani M, Lemhardi ML, Ouahidi L, Jouad H (2002) Ethnopharmacological survey of medicinal plants used for the treatment of diabetes mellitus, hypertension and cardiac diseases in the south-east region of Morocco (Tafilalet). J Ethno-Pharmacol 82:97–103

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Erlund I, Koli R, Alfthan G, Marniemi J, Puukka P, Mustonen P, Mattila P, Jula A (2008) Favorable effects of berry consumption on platelet function, blood pressure, and HDL cholesterol. Am J Clin Nutr 87:323–331

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Evans GB, Furneau RH, Gravestock MB, Lynch GP, Scott GK (2000) The synthesis and antibacterial activity of totarol derivatives, part 1: modifications of ring-c and pro-drugs, (Internet Document). Industrial Research Limited, New Zealand

    Google Scholar 

  • Fabricant DS, Farnsworth NR (2001) The value of plants used in traditional medicine for drug discovery. Environ Health Perspect 109(suppl 1):69–75

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Fady B, Ducci F, Aleta N, Becquey J, Diaz Vazquez R, Fernandez Lopez F, Jay-Allemand C, Lefèvre F, Ninot A, Panetsos K, Paris P, Pisanelli A, Rumpf H (2003) Walnut demonstrates strong genetic variability for adaptive and wood quality traits in a network of juvenile field tests across Europe. New Forest 25:211–225

    Google Scholar 

  • Farjon A, Hiep NP, Harder DK, Loc PK, Averyanov L (2002) A new genus and species in Cupressaceae (Coniferales) from Northern Vietnam Xanthocyparis vietnamensis. Novon 12:179–189

    Google Scholar 

  • Farnsworth NR, Soejarto DD (1991) Global importance of medicinal plants. In: Akerele O, Heywood V, Synge H (eds) Conservation of medicinal plants. University Press, Cambridge, UK, pp 25–51

    Google Scholar 

  • Foster S, Johnson R (2006) Desk reference to nature’s medicine. National Geographic Society, Washington, DC

    Google Scholar 

  • Freudenberg K, Knof L (1957) Die Lignane des Fichtenholzes (Lignans in spruce wood). Chem Ber 90:2857–2869

    Google Scholar 

  • Fukuda T, Ito H, Yoshida T (2003) Antioxidative polyphenols from walnuts (Juglans regia L.). Phytochemistry 63:795–801

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Fulzele SV, Satturwar PM, Dorle AK (2002) Polymerized rosin: novel film forming polymer for drug delivery. Int J Pharm 259(1–2):175–184

    Google Scholar 

  • Fulzele SV, Satturwar PM, Dorle AK (2003) Study of the biodegradtion and vivo biocompatibility of novel biomaterials. Eur J Pharm Sci 1:56–61

    Google Scholar 

  • Fulzele SV, Satturwar PM, Dorle AK (2007) Novel biopolymers as implant matrix for the delivery of ciprofloxacin: biocompatibility, degradation, and in vitro antibiotic release. J Pharm Sci 96(1):132–144

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Gheldof N, Wang XH, Engeseth NJ (2002) Identification and quantification of antioxidant components of honeys from various floral sources. J Agric Food Chem 50(21):5870–5877

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Gómez-Caravaca AM, Gómez-Romero M, Arráez-Román D, Segura-Carretero A, Fernández-Gutiérrez A (2006) Advances in the analysis of phenolic compounds in products derived from bees. J Pharm Biomed Anal 41(4):1220–1234

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Groombridge B (1992) Global biodiversity. Status of the earth’s living resources. Chapman and Hall, London/Glasgow/New York

    Google Scholar 

  • Gurib-Fakin A (2006) Medicinal plants, traditions of yesterday and drugs of tomorrow. Mol Aspects Med 27:1–93

    Google Scholar 

  • Gutendorf B, Westendorf J (2001) Comparison of an array of in vitro assays for the assessment of the estrogenic potential of natural and synthetic estrogens, phytoestrogens and xenoestrogens. Toxicology 166:79–89

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Häkkinen S, Heinonen M, Kärenlampi S, Mykkänen H, Ruuskanen J, Törrönen R (1999) Screening of selected flavonoids and phenolic acids in 19 berries. Food Res Int 32:345–353

    Google Scholar 

  • Hamilton A, Dürbeck K, Lawrence A (2006) Towards a sustainable herbal harvest. Plant Talk 43:32–35

    Google Scholar 

  • Harborne JB, Tomas-Barberan FA (eds) (1991) Ecological chemistry and biochemistry of plant terpenoids. Clarendon, Oxford, UK

    Google Scholar 

  • Holmbom BS, Willfoer J, Hemming S, Pietarinen L, Nisula, Eklund P, Sjoeholm R (2007) Knots in trees – a rich source of bioactive polyphenols. In: Argyropoulos DS (ed) Materials, chemicals and energy from forest biomass. ACS Symposium Series 954, ACS, Washington, DC, pp 350–362

    Google Scholar 

  • Hoshi H, Yagi Y, Iijama H, Matsunaga K, Ishihara Y, Yasahara T (2005) Isolation and characterization of a novel immunomodulatory α-glucan-protein complex from the mycelium of Tricholoma matsutake in Basidiomycetes. J Agric Food Chem 53:8948–8956

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Huwez FU, Thirlwell D, Cockayne A, Ala’Aldeen DA (1998) Mastic gum kills Helicobacter pylori. New Engl J Med 339(26):1946

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Ishihara Y, Iikima H, Yagi Y, Hoshi H, Matsunaga K (2002) Inhibition of decrease in natural killer cell activity in repeatedly restraint-stressed mice by a biological response modifier derived from cultured mycelia of the Basidiomycete Tricholoma matsutake. Neuroimmunomodulation 11:41–48

    Google Scholar 

  • Jee WS, Yao W (2001) Overview: animal models of osteopenia and osteoporosis. J Musculoskel Neuron Interact 1:193–207

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Jefferson WN, Padilla-Banks E, Clark G, Newbold RR (2002) Assessing estrogenic activity of phytochemicals using transcriptional activation and immature mouse uterotrophic responses. J Chromatogr B 777:179–189

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Jonnessen VL, Stern ES (1978) US Patent 4128543. Chem Abstr 90:76409

    Google Scholar 

  • Jurd L (1956) Plant polyphenols. I. The polyphenolic constituents of the pellicle of the walnut (Juglans regia). J Am Chem Soc 78:3445–3448

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Kähkönen MP, Hopia AI, Vuorela HJ, Rauha JP, Pihlaja K, Kujala TS, Heinonen M (1999) Antioxidant activity of plant extracts containing phenolic compounds. J Agric Food Chem 47:3945–3962

    Google Scholar 

  • Kalu DN (1991) The ovariectomized rat model of postmenopausal bone loss. Bone Miner 15:175–191

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Kassi E, Papoutsi Z, Fokialakis N, Messari I, Mitakou S, Moutsatsou P (2004) Greek plant extracts exhibit selective estrogen receptor modulator (SERM)-like properties. J Agric Food Chem 52(23):6956–6961

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Kassi E, Papoutsi Z, Pratsinis H, Aligiannis N, Manoussakis M, Moutsatsou P (2007) Ursolic acid, a naturally occurring triterpenoid, demonstrates anticancer activity on human prostate cancer cells. J Cancer Res Clin Oncol 33(7):493–500

    Google Scholar 

  • Katsilambros NL, Philippides P, Touliatou A (1988) Metabolic effects of honey (alone or combined with other foods) in type II diabetics. Acta Diabetol Lat 25(3):197–203

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Khmel’nitskii OK, Simbirtsev AS, Konusova VG, Mchedlidze GSh, Fidarov EZ, Paramonov BA, Chebotarev VYu (2002) Pine resin and biotin oitment: effects on cell composition and histochemical changes in wounds. Bull Exp Biol Med 133(6):583–585

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Knekt P, Kumpulainen J, Järvinen R, Rissanen H, Heliövaara M, Reunanen A, Hakulinen T, Aromaa A (2002) Flavonoid intake and risk of chronic diseases. Am J Clin Nutr 76:560–568

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Kolliaros G (1997) Chios mastic from antiquity to today. In: Chios mastic. Tradition and current practice (Acta of the International Symposium held in Chios, 3–5 October 1997), Athens 1997, pp 242–243 [in Greek]

    Google Scholar 

  • Kontiokari TK, Sundqvist M, Nuutinen T, Pokka M, Koskela M, Uhari M (2001) Randomised trial of cranberry-lingonberry juice and Lactobacillus GG drink for the prevention of urinary tract infections in women. BMJ 322:1571

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Kontiokari T, Laitinen J, Järvi L, Pokka T, Sundqvist K, Uhari M (2003) Dietary factors protecting women from urinary tract infection. Am J Clin Nutr 77:600–604

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Kope HH, Fortin JA (1989) Inhibition of phytopathogenic fungi in vitro by cell free culture media of ectomycorrhizal fungi. New Phytol 113:57–63

    Google Scholar 

  • Koul O, Wahab S (2004) Neem: today and in the new millennium. Kluwer, Boston, MA/London

    Google Scholar 

  • Koutsoudaki C, Krsek M, Rodger A (2005) Chemical composition and antibacterial activity of the essential oil and the gum of Pistacia lentiscus var. chia. J Agric Food Chem 53(20):7681–7685

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Kris-Etherton PM, Hecker KD, Bonanome A, Coval SM, Binkoski AE, Hilpert KF, Griel AE, Etherton TD (2002) Bioactive compounds in foods: their role in the prevention of cardiovascular disease and cancer. Am J Med 113(Suppl 9B):71S–88S

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Lakhanpal TN, Rana M (2005) Medicinal and nutraceutical genetic resources of mushrooms. Plant Genet Res 3:288–303

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Lange D (1998) Europe’s medicinal and aromatic plants: their use, trade and conservation. TRAFFIC International, Cambridge

    Google Scholar 

  • Lange D (2001) Trade in medicinal and aromatic plants: a financial instrument for nature conservation in Eastern and Southeast Europe? In: Heinze B, Bäurle G, Stolpe G (eds) Financial instruments for nature conservation in Central and Eastern Europe. BfN-Skripten 50. Federal Agency for Nature Conservation, Bonn

    Google Scholar 

  • Lange D (2002) The role of East and Southeast Europe in the medicinal and aromatic plants trade. Med Plant Conserv 8:14–18

    Google Scholar 

  • Lange D (2004) Medicinal and aromatic plants: trade, production, and management of botanical resources. Acta Hortic 629:177–197

    Google Scholar 

  • Lanzotti V, Iorizzi M (2000) Chemical constituents of tubers. The case of tuber borchii Vitt. In: Lanzotti V, Taglialatela-Scafati O (eds) Flavour and fragrance chemistry. Proc Phytochem Soc Eur 46:37–43

    Google Scholar 

  • Lee SJ, Yeo WH, Yun BS, Yoo ID (1999) Isolation and sequence analysis of new peptaibol, boletusin, from Boletus spp. J Peptide Sci 5:374–378

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Lee CM, Lim S, Kim GY, Kim DW, Rhee JH, Lee KY (2005) Rosin nanoparticles as a drug ­delivery carrier for the controlled release of hydrocortisone. Biotechnol Lett 27(19):1487–1490

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Li L, Tsao R, Yang R, Liu C, Zhu H, Young JC (2006) Polyphenolic profiles and antioxidant activities of heartnut (Juglans ailanthifolia Var. cordiformis) and Persian walnut (Juglans regia L.). J Agric Food Chem 54:8033–8040

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Lindequist U, Niedermeyer THJ, Jülich W-D (2005) The pharmaceutical potential of mushrooms. Evid-based Compl Altern Med 2:285–299

    Google Scholar 

  • Loughlin MF, Ala’Aldeen DA, Jenks PJ (2003) Monotherapy with mastic does not eradicate Helicobacter pylori infection from mice. J Antimicrob Chemother 51(2):367–371

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Magiatis P, Melliou E, Skaltsounis AL, Chinou IB, Mitaku S (1999) Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of the essential oils of Pistacia lentiscus var. chia. Planta Med 65(8):749–752

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Maguire LS, O’Sullivan SM, Galvin K, O’Connor TP, O’Brien NM (2004) Fatty acid profile, tocopherol, squalene and phytosterol content of walnuts, almonds, peanuts, hazelnuts and the macadamia nut. Int J Food Sci Nutr 55:171–178

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Marone P, Bono L, Leone E, Bona S, Carretto E, Perversi L (2001) Bactericidal activity of Pistacia lentiscus mastic gum against Helicobacter pylori. J Chemother 13(6):611–614

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Mattila P, Suonpää K, Piironen V (2000) Functional properties of edible mushrooms. Nutrition 16:694–696

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • McGarvey DJ, Croteau R (1995) Terpenoid metabolism. Plant Cell 7:1015–1026

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • McGovern PE, Glusker DL, Exner LJ, Voigt MM (1996) Neolithic resinated wines. Nature 381:480–481

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  • McHarg T, Rodgers A, Charlton K (2003) Influence of cranberry juice on the urinary risk factors for calcium oxalate kidney stone formation. BJU Int 92:765

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Mellanen P, Petänen T, Lehtimäki J, Mäkelä S, Bylund G, Holmbom B, Mannila E, Oikari A, Santti R (1996) Wood-derived xenoestrogens. Studies in vitro with breast cancer cell lines and in vivo in trout. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 136:381–388

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Merzouki A, Ed-Derfoufi F, El Aallali A, Moleru-Mesa J (1997) Wild medicinal plants used by local Bouhmed population (Morocco). Fitotherapia 68(5):444–460

    Google Scholar 

  • Miettinen TA, Puska P, Gylling H, Vanhanen H, Vartiainen MD (1995) Reduction of serum cholesterol with sitostanol-ester margarine in a mildly hypercholesterolemic population. New Engl J Med 333:1308–1312

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Minami T, Wada S, Tokuda H, Tanabe G, Muraoka O, Tanaka R (2002) Potential antitumor-promoting diterpenes from the cones of Pinus luchuensis. J Nat Prod 65(12):1921–1923

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Mintzberg H (2006) Patent nonsense: evidence tells of an industry out of social control. CMAJ 175(4):374–376

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Mizuno T, Yeohlui P, Zhuang C, Ito H, Mayuzumi Y (1996) Antitumor activity and chemical modification of polysaccharides from Niohshimeji mushroom, Tricholoma giganteum. Biosci Biotechnol Biochem 60:30–33

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Molan PC (2006) The evidence supporting the use of honey as a wound dressing. Int J Low Extrem Wounds 5(2):122

    Google Scholar 

  • Moutsatsou P (2007) The spectrum of phytoestrogens in nature: our knowledge is expanding. Hormones 6(3):173–193

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Mueller SO (2002) Overview of in vitro tools to assess the estrogenic and antiestrogenic activity of phytoestrogens. J Chromatogr B 777:155–165

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Muhammad I, Mossa JS, Al-Yahya AM, Ramadan AF, El-Feraly FS (1995) Further antibacterial diterpenes from the bark and leaves of Juniperus procera Hochst.Ex Endl. Phytother Res 9:584–588

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Mulliken T, Inskipp C (2006) Medicinal plant conservation: scope, scale and diversity. Proceedings of the 1st international conference on organic wild production. IFOAM, Bonn, Germany

    Google Scholar 

  • Oddo LP, Pianna L, Bogdanov S, Bentabol A, Gotsiou P, Kerkvliet J, Martin P, Morlot M, Valbuena AO, Ruoff K, Ohe KVD (2004) Botanical species giving unifloral honey in Europe. Apidologie 35:S82–S93

    Google Scholar 

  • Papoutsi Z, Kassi E, Chinou I, Halabalaki M, Skaltsounis LA, Moutsatsou P (2007a) Walnut extract (Juglans regia L.) and its component ellagic acid exhibit anti-inflammatory activity in human aorta endothelial cells and osteoblastic activity in the cell line KS483. Br J Nutr 99:715–722

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Papoutsi Z, Kassi E, Fokialakis N, Mitakou S, Lambrinidis G, Mikros E, Moutsatsou P (2007b) Deoxybenzoins are novel potent selective estrogen receptor modulators. Steroids 72(9–10):693–704

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Pathak UV, Dorle AK (1990) Release kinetic study of RHPC coated aspirin microcapsules. J Microencapsul 7(2):185–190

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Philips MA, Croteau R (1999) Resin based defences in conifers. Trends Plant Sci 4:184–190

    Google Scholar 

  • Picazo O, Azcoitia I, Garcia-Segura LM (2003) Neuroprotective and neurotoxic effects of estrogens. Brain Res 990:20–27

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Piispanen R, Willför S, Saranpää P, Holmbom B (2008) Variations of lignans in Norway spruce (Picea abies [L.] Karst.) knotwood: within-stem variation and the effect of fertilisation at two experimental sites in Finland. Trees 22:317–328

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Prendergast HDV, Etkin NL, Harris DR, Houghton PJ (eds) (1998) Plants for food and medicine (Proceedings). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew

    Google Scholar 

  • Prior RL (2003) Fruits and vegetables in the prevention of cellular oxidative damage. Am J Clin Nutr 78:570S–578S

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Puupponen-Pimiä R, Nohynek L, Meier C, Kähkönen M, Heinonen M, Hopia A, Oksman-Caldentey KM (2001) Antimicrobial properties of phenolic compounds from berries. J Appl Microbiol 90:494–507

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Puupponen-Pimiä R, Nohynek L, Alakomi HL, Oksman-Caldentey KM (2005a) The action of berry phenolics against human intestinal pathogens. Biofactors 23:243–251

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Puupponen-Pimiä R, Nohynek L, Hartmann-Schmidlin S, Kähkönen M, Heinonen M, Määttä-Riihinen K, Oksman-Caldentey KM (2005b) Berry phenolics selectivity inhibit the growth of intestinal pathogens. J Appl Microbiol 98:991–1000

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Ros E, Nunez I, Perez-Heras A, Serra M, Gilabert R, Casals E, Deulofeu R (2004) A walnut diet improves endothelial function in hypercholesterolemic subjects: a randomized crossover trial. Circulation 109:1609–1614

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Ross JA, Kasum CM (2002) Dietary flavonoids: bioavailability, metabolic effects and safety. Annu Rev Nutr 22:19–34

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Ruoff K, Luginbühl W, Bogdanov S, Bosset JO, Estermann B, Ziolko T, Amado R (2006) Authentication of the botanical origin of honey by near-infrared spectroscopy. J Agric Food Chem 54(18):6867–6872

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Saarinen NM, Wärri A, Mäkelä SI, Eckerman C, Reunanen M, Ahotupa M, Salmi SM, Franke AA, Kangas L, Santti R (2000) Hydroxymatairesinol, a novel enterolactone precursor with antitumor properties from coniferous tree (Picea abies). Nutr Cancer 36:207–216

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Sahu NH, Mandaogade PM, Deshmukh AM, Meghre VS, Dorle AK (1999) Biodegradation studies of rosin-glycerol ester derivative. J Bioact Comp Polym 14:344–360

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Satturwar PM, Fulzele SV, Panyamb J, Mandaogadea PM, Mundhadaa DR, Gogtec BB, Labhasetwarb V, Dorle AK (2004) Evaluation of new rosin derivatives for pharmaceutical coating. Int J Pharm 270(1–2):27–36

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Satturwar PM, Fulzeled SV, Dorle AK (2005) Evaluation of polymerized rosin for the formulation and development of transdermal drug delivery system: a technical note. AAPS Pharm Sci Tech 6(4):E649–E654

    Google Scholar 

  • Scagel RF, Bandoni RJ, Rouse GE, Schofield WB, Stein JR, Taylor TMC (1965) An evolution survey of the plant kingdom. Wadsworth, California

    Google Scholar 

  • Scheinin A, Mäkinen KK (1976) Turku sugar studies. An overview. Acta Odontol Scand 34(6):405–408

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Schippmann U, Leaman DJ, Cunningham AB (2002) Impact of cultivation and gathering of medicinal plants on biodiversity: global trends and issues. FAO, Rome, Italy

    Google Scholar 

  • Schippmann U, Leaman D, Cunningham A (2006) Cultivation and wild collection of medicinal and aromatic plants under sustainability aspects. In: Bogers R, Craker L, Lange D (eds) Medicinal and aromatic plants. Springer, Dordrecht, the Netherlands

    Google Scholar 

  • Schramm DD, Karim M, Schrader HR, Holt RR, Cardetti M, Keen CL (2003) Honey with high levels of antioxidants can provide protection to healthy human subjects. J Agric Food Chem 51:1732–1735

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Scotland R, Worthley A (2003) How many species of seed plants are there? Taxon 52(1):101–104

    Google Scholar 

  • Shimizu M, Tsuji H, Shogaw H, Fukumura H, Taanami S, Hayashi T, Arisawa M, Morita N (1988) Anti-inflammatory constituents of topically applied crude drugs II: constituents and anti-inflammatory effect of Cryptomeria japonica D. Don Chem Pharm Bull 36(10):3967–3973

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Simbirtsev AS, Konusova VG, Mchelidze GSh, Fidarov EZ, Paramonov BA, Chebotarev VYu (2002a) Pine and biopin ointments: effects on repair processes in tissues. Bull Exp Biol Med 133(5):457–460

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Simbirtsev AS, Konusova VG, Mchelidze GSh, Fidarov EZ, Paramonov BA, Chebotarev VYu (2002b) Pine and biopin ointments: immunotoxic and allergic activity. Bull Exp Biol Med 133(4):384–385

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Simbirtsev AS, Konusova VG, Mchelidze GSh, Fidarov EZ, Paramonov BA, Chebotarev VYu (2002c) Pine and biopin ointments: effects on nonspecific resistance of organisms. Bull Exp Biol Med 133(2):141–143

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Simbirtsev AS, Konusova VG, Mchelidze GSh, Fidarov EZ, Paramonov BA, Chebotarev VYu (2002d) Pine and biopin ointments: effects of water-soluble fractions on functional activity of peripheral blood neutrophils. Bull Exp Biol Med 134(7):50–53

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Skiadas PK, Lascaratos JG (2001) Dietetics in ancient Greek philosophy: Plato’s concepts of healthy diet. Eur J Clin Nutr 55(7):532–537

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Smeds AI, Eklund PC, Sjöholm RE, Willför SM, Nishibe S, Deyama T, Holmbom B (2007) Quantification of a broad spectrum of lignans in cereals, oilseeds and nuts. J Agric Food Chem 55:117–1346

    Google Scholar 

  • Stauffer D (2002) Chewing gum: an ancient and modern forest product. Forest Chem Rev July–August 2002:9

    Google Scholar 

  • Steele CL, Lewinsohn E, Croteau R (1995) Induced oleoresin biosynthesis in the grand fir as a defence against bark beetles. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 92:4164–4168

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Swellam T, Miyanaga N, Onozawa M, Hattori K, Kawai K, Shimazui T, Akaza H (2003) Antineoplastic activity of honey in an experimental bladder cancer implantation model; in vivo and in vitro studies. Int J Urol 10:213–219

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Takaku T, Kimura Y, Okuda H (2001) Isolation of an antitumor compound from Agaricus blazei Murill and its mechanism of action. J Nutr 131:1409–1413

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Tassou CC, Nychas GJE (1995) Antimicrobial activity of the essential oil of mastic gum (Pistacia lentiscus var. chia) on gram positive and gram negative bacteria in broth and model food system. Int Biodeter Biodegr 36:411–420

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Terrab A, Hernanz D, Heredia FJ (2004) Inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometric determination of minerals in thyme honeys and their contribution to geographical discrimination. J Agric Food Chem 52(11):3441–3445

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Topitsoglou-Themeli V, Dagalis P, Lambrou DA (1984) Chios mastiche chewing gum and oral hygiene. I. The possibility of reducing or preventing microbial plaque formation. Hell Stomatol Chron 28(3):166–170

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Tsuda K, Nishio I (2004) Modulation of endothelial function by walnuts and sex hormones. Circulation 110:e73, author reply e73

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Uhari M, Kontiokari T, Koskela M, Niemelä M (1996) Xylitol chewing gum in prevention of acute oititis media: double blind randomised trial. BMJ 313:1180–1184

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • UNCTAD COMTRADE database, United Nations Statistics Division, New York. Commodity group pharmaceutical plants (SITC.3: 292.4 = HS 1211)

    Google Scholar 

  • Van der Berg KJ, Van der Horst J, Boon JJ, Sudmeijer OO (1998) Cis-1, 4-poly-β -myrcene; the structure of the polymeric fraction of mastic resin (Pistacia lentiscus L.) elucidated. Tetrahedron Lett 39:2645–2648

    Google Scholar 

  • Verlet N, Leclercq G (1997) Towards a model of technical and economic optimisation of specialist minor crops. Concerted action AIR3-CT-94-2076. 1995–1996. Commission Européenne, Direction Générale de l’Agriculture D.G. VI F.II.3

    Google Scholar 

  • Walter KS, Gillet HJ (1998) 1997 IUCN Red List of threatened plants. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland

    Google Scholar 

  • Wasser SP (2002) Medicinal mushrooms as a source of antitumor and immunomodulating polysaccharides. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 60:258–274

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Wasser SP, Weis AL (1999) Medicinal properties of substances occurring in higher Basidiomycetes mushrooms: current perspectives (Review). Int J Med Mushrooms 1:31–62

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Whitmore L, Wallace BA (2004) The peptaibol database: a database for sequences and structures of naturally occurring peptaibols. Nucleic Acid Res 32:D593–D594

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • WHO (2003) Guidelines on good agricultural and collection practices (GACP) for medicinal plants. WHO, Geneva

    Google Scholar 

  • Willför S, Hemming J, Reunanen M, Eckerman C, Holmbom B (2003) Lignans and lipophilic extractives in Norway spruce knots and stemwood. Holzforschung 57(1):27–36

    Google Scholar 

  • Wilson T, Porcari JP, Harbin D (1998) Cranberry extract inhibits low density lipoprotein oxidation. Life Sci 24:381–386

    Google Scholar 

  • Wolfender JL, Ndjoko K, Hostettmann K (2003) Liquid chromatography with ultraviolet absorbance-mass spectrometric detection and with nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy: a powerful combination for the on-line structural investigation of plant metabolites. J Chromatogr A 1000:437–455

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • World Bank (2004) Sustaining forests: a development perspective. World Bank, Washington, DC

    Google Scholar 

  • WWF/TRAFFIC Germany (2002) Healing power from nature. http://www.wwf.org.uk/filelibrary/pdf/healing_power_from_nature.pdf. Accessed 5 Jan 2008

  • Yatagai M, Sato T, Takahashi T (1985) Terpenes of leaf oils from cupressaceae. Biochem Syst Ecol 13(4):377–385

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Yatagai M, Ohira M, Ohira T, Nagai S (1995) Seasonal variations of terpene emission from trees and the influence of temperature, light and contact stimulation on terpenes. Chemosphere 30(6):1137–1149

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Zaidman BZ, Yassin M, Mahajna J, Wasser SP (2005) Medicinal mushroom modulators of molecular targets as cancer therapeutics. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 67:453–468

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Zak B (1964) Role of mycorrhizae in root disease. Annu Rev Phytopathol 2:377–392

    Google Scholar 

  • Zambon D, Sabate J, Munoz S, Campero B, Casals E, Merlos M, Laguna JC, Ros E (2000) Substituting walnuts for monounsaturated fat improves the serum lipid profile of hypercholesterolemic men and women. A randomized crossover trial. Ann Intern Med 132:538–546

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Ziyyat A, Legeeyer A, Mekhfi H, Dassouli A, Serhrouchni M, Benjelloun W (1997) Phytotherapy of hypertension and diabetes in oriental Morocco. J Ethnopharmacol 58(1):45–54

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Christos Gallis .

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

Copyright information

© 2011 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.

About this chapter

Cite this chapter

Gallis, C. et al. (2011). Forest Products with Health-Promoting and Medicinal Properties. In: , et al. Forests, Trees and Human Health. Springer, Dordrecht. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-90-481-9806-1_3

Download citation