Daily Fire Occurrence in Ukraine from 2002 to 2008

  • Wei Min HaoEmail author
  • Shawn P. Urbanski
  • Bryce Nordgren
  • Alex Petkov
Conference paper
Part of the NATO Science for Peace and Security Series C: Environmental Security book series (NAPSC)


The spatial and temporal extent of daily fire activity in Ukraine at a 1 km × 1 km resolution from 2002 to 2008 is investigated based on active fire detections by the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometers (MODIS) on NASA’s Terra and Aqua satellites. During this period about 20,000 fires were detected annually in Ukraine. Ukraine has two distinct fire seasons – spring (March, April, and May) and summer/early fall (July, August, and September). Summer and early fall was the main fire season, accounting for 77% of total active fire detections, while spring detections comprised only 17% of the total. The fire activity was mostly associated with agricultural burning; 91% of active fires were on agricultural land. The agricultural burning was dominated by burning stubble residue following ­harvest of winter wheat. The summer fire activity was highly correlated with annual wheat production (r = 0.81, p < 0.05). The minimum (2003) and maximum (2008) years of Ukraine fire activity deviated from the 7-year mean by −79% and +114% respectively, and coincided with the extremes of low and high wheat production in Ukraine during the study period (3.6 million tons in 2003 and 25.9 million tons in 2008).


Fire MODIS Land cover Cloud cover Fire trend 


  1. Naik V, Mauzerall DL, Horowitz LW, Schwarzkopf MD, Ramaswamy V, Oppenheimer M (2007) On the sensitivity of radiative forcing from biomass burning aerosols and ozone to emission location. Geophys Res Lett 34:L03818. doi:10.1029/2006GL028149CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Niemi JV, Saarikoski S, Aurela M, Tervahattu H, Hillamo R, Westphal DL, Aarnio P, Koskentalo T, Makkonen U, Vehkamäki H, Kulmala M (2009) Long-range transport episodes of fine ­particles in southern Finland during 1999–2007. Atmos Environ 43:1255–1264CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Simpson IJ, Rowland FS, Meinardi S, Blake DR (2006) Influence of biomass burning during recent fluctuations in the slow growth of global tropospheric methane. Geophys Res Lett 33:L22808. doi:10.1029/2006GL027330CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Stohl A, Berg T, Burkhart JF, Fjæraa AM, Forster C, Herber A, Hov Ø, Lunder C, McMillan WW, Oltmans S, Shiobara M, Simpson D, Solberg S, Stebel K, Ström J, Tørseth K, Treffeisen R, Virkkunen K, Yttri KE (2007) Arctic smoke – record high air pollution levels in the European Arctic due to agricultural fires in Eastern Europe in spring 2006. Atmos Chem Phys 7:511–534CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. United States Department of Agriculture, Foreign Agriculture Service, Production, Supply, and Distribution online database, downloadable datasets (2009) URL:
  6. United States Department of Agriculture, Foreign Agriculture Service (2008), World Agricultural Production, Circular Series, WAP 08–08, June 2008, Page 4. URL:
  7. United States Department of Agriculture, Foreign Agriculture Service (2003a), World Agricultural Production, Circular Series, WAP 06–03, June 2003, Page 3. URL:
  8. United States Department of Agriculture, Foreign Agriculture Service, Production Estimates and Crop Assessment Division (2003b), Ukraine: Extensive damage to winter wheat, May 23, 2003. URL:
  9. van der Werf GR, Randerson JT, Giglio L, Collatz GJ, Kasibhatla PS, Arellano A Jr (2006) Interannual variability in global biomass burning emissions from 1997 to 2004. Atmos Chem Phys 6:3423–3441CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wei Min Hao
    • 1
    Email author
  • Shawn P. Urbanski
    • 1
  • Bryce Nordgren
    • 1
  • Alex Petkov
    • 1
  1. 1.Rocky Mountain Research Station, Five Sciences LaboratoryUS Forest ServiceMissoulaUSA

Personalised recommendations