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Monitoring Droughts and Impacts on Crop Yield in Ukraine from Weather and Satellite Data

  • Tatyana AdamenkoEmail author
  • Anatoly Prokopenko
Conference paper
Part of the NATO Science for Peace and Security Series C: Environmental Security book series (NAPSC)

Abstract

The agrarian sector is an important component of the Ukrainian economy. Within this sector about 20% of able-bodied citizens of the country are employed and 12–15% of the gross domestic product is formed. During previous years simultaneous with the tendency of improved agricultural technology, the significant fluctuations of crops productivity owing to weather conditions, first of all owing to droughts, increase. Their frequency and intensity rise. Every 2–3 years the drought covers up to 20–40% of the country territory. Crop losses owing to droughts can run up to 50% and more. There is a dangerous tendency of drought distribution over territory which earlier belonged to a zone of sufficient moisture. In the Ukraine, climate fluctuations affecting crop production account for a 20–50% loss of winter crops and 35–75% loss of summer crops.

Keywords

Droughts Agrometeorological monitoring Yield Crop forecasting Modeling Observing system 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Ukrainian Hydrometeorological CentreKyivUkraine

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