Contaminated Sites Investigation: The Environmental Case Study

  • Wojciech Wołkowicz
Conference paper
Part of the NATO Science for Peace and Security Series C: Environmental Security book series (NAPSC)


The repositories containing unwanted pesticides are a serious geoenvironmental problem in Poland. Foundation of special objects, later called “tombs”, has began in 1965, when in the regions of southern Poland a relatively small amount of unwanted pesticides as well as their packages were buried directly in the ground. These places were commonly located nearby the stores of the agricultural co-operatives. Because the amount of unwanted pesticides has been successively increasing, in 1971 a ­special “Instruction”, which stated precisely the type of constructions in which such products should be stored, was prepared. The recommended repository included up to several tens of concrete wells with a diameter 1–2 m and 3–4 m deep. Moreover, various military fortifications were used as repositories, from the bunkers of the Second World War to the Prussian and Russian forts of nineteenth century.


Organochlorine Pesticide Heptachlor Epoxide Gravel Sediment Endrin Aldehyde Ultra Scientific 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Polish Geological Institute – National Research InstituteWarsawPoland

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