Grass Endophyte-Mediated Plant Stress Tolerance: Alkaloids and Their Functions

  • Mónica S. Torres
  • James F. WhiteJr
Part of the Cellular Origin, Life in Extreme Habitats and Astrobiology book series (COLE, volume 17)


The Family Clavicipitaceae (Hypocreales, Ascomycota) includes saprotrophic and symbiotic species associated with insects and fungi (Cordyceps spp.) or grasses, rushes and sedges (Balansia spp., Epichloë spp., Claviceps spp.) (Bacon and White, 2000). Symbiotic interactions are a notable feature of the Clavicipitaceae and they range in a continuum from antagonism to mutualism (Schardl et al., 2004). The plant biotrophic forms within this family can be characterized based on the nature of the association with hosts, being epibiotic during part or the entire life cycle or strictly endophytic with hyphae growing intercellular in the aboveground plant parts such as leaves, stems, and culms of the host.


Tall Fescue Ergot Alkaloid Indole Alkaloid Plant Plasma Membrane Grass Endophyte 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Environmental and Biological SciencesRutgers UniversityNew BrunswickUSA

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