Womb, Belly and Landscape in the Anthropocene

  • Ward ChesworthEmail author


The poet William Cowper, enraptured by the beauty of the English countryside, wrote “God made the country and man made the town”.


Soil Erosion Land Degradation Wind Erosion Ecological Footprint Temperate Grassland 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Barbier E, Sathirathai S (eds) (2004) Shrimp farming and mangrove loss in Thailand. Edward Elgar Publishing, Cheltenham, UK, 288 ppGoogle Scholar
  2. Bartlett A (2004). The essential exponential for the future of our planet. University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado, 302 ppGoogle Scholar
  3. Binns T (1990) Is desertification a myth? Geography 75:106–113Google Scholar
  4. Blaikie P, Brookfield HC (1987) Land degradation and society. Methuen, London, 296 ppGoogle Scholar
  5. Borgstrom, G (1972) The hungry planet; the modern world at the edge of famine. 2nd ed. Macmillan, New York, 552 ppGoogle Scholar
  6. Butzer KW (1993) No Eden in the New World (evidence of environmental degradation due to prehispanic agricultural practices in Mexico). Nature 362, no. 6415:15–18CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Carson R (1962) Silent Spring. Houghton Mifflin, Boston, 368 ppGoogle Scholar
  8. Catton WR (1982) Overshoot: The Ecological Basis of Revolutionary Change. University of Illinois Press, Urbana, 298 ppGoogle Scholar
  9. Chesworth W (2002) Sustainability and the end of history. Geotimes 47: 5 and 52Google Scholar
  10. Chesworth W (2008) Biomes and their soils, pp 61-68; Neolithic Revolution pp 488-489; Weathering systems in Soil Science pp 825-829. In: Chesworth W(ed) Encyclopedia of soil science. Springer, Dordrecht, 902 ppCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Chew SC (2007) The recurring Dark Ages: ecological stress, climate changes, and system transformation. AltaMira Press, Lanham, MD, 295 ppGoogle Scholar
  12. Cohen JE (1995) How many people can the earth support? Norton, New York, 532 ppGoogle Scholar
  13. Crawford HEW (1991) Sumer and the Sumerians. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 182 ppGoogle Scholar
  14. Crutzen PJ (2002) The anthropocene. Journal de Physique IV 12:1–5CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Daly HE (2005) Beyond growth: the economics of sustainable development. Beacon Press Boston, 253 ppGoogle Scholar
  16. deBuys W(ed) (2004) Seeing things whole: The essential John Wesley Powell. Island Press, Washington DC, 402 ppGoogle Scholar
  17. Diamond J (1997) Guns, germs and steel. W.W. Norton, NewYork, 480 ppGoogle Scholar
  18. Diamond J (2005) Collapse: How societies choose to fail or succeed. Viking Press, New York, 591 ppGoogle Scholar
  19. Dregne H, Kassas M, Rozanov B (1991) A new assessment of the world status of desertification. Desertification Control Bulletin 20:6–19Google Scholar
  20. East WG (1924) The geography behind history. Nelson, London, 203 ppGoogle Scholar
  21. Ehrlich PR, Ehrlich AH (2008) The dominant animal: human evolution and the environment. Island Press, Washington, DC, 428 ppGoogle Scholar
  22. Erhart H (1964) Consequences logiques de la bio/rhexistasie sur le chimisme des mers anciennes et sur les sediments qu’elles ont engendres. Comptes Rendus de l’Académie des Sciences 259:2669–2671Google Scholar
  23. Evans R (1992) Erosion in England and Wales – the present is the key to the past. In: Bell M, Boardman J (eds) Past and present soil erosion. Oxbow Books, Oxford, pp 53–66Google Scholar
  24. Ezcurra E (2006) Global deserts outlook. Nairobi, Kenya. United Nations Environment Programmes (UNEP), Nairobi, 150 ppGoogle Scholar
  25. FAO (2005) State of the World’s forests. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome, 153 ppGoogle Scholar
  26. Fussell GE (1976) Farms, farmers and society: Systems of food production and population numbers. Coronado Press, Lawrence, Kansas, 332 ppGoogle Scholar
  27. Hardin G (1995) Living within limits: Ecology, economics and population taboos. Oxford University Press, Oxford, 339 ppGoogle Scholar
  28. Harris M (1971) Culture, man, and nature – An introduction to general anthropology. Crowell, New York, 660 ppGoogle Scholar
  29. Harris M (1980) Cultural materialism: the struggle for a science of culture. Vintage Books, New York, 381 ppGoogle Scholar
  30. Hawkes J (1953) A land. Cresset Press, London, 247 ppGoogle Scholar
  31. Head L (2000) Second nature: the history and implications of Australia as aboriginal landscape. Syracuse University Press, Syracuse, NewYork, 272 ppGoogle Scholar
  32. Hodder, I. 2007 Çatalhöyük in the context of the Middle Eastern Neolithic. Annual Review of Anthropology 36:105–120CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Hobsbawm EJ (1996) The age of revolution 1789–1848. Vintage Books, New York, 356 ppGoogle Scholar
  34. Hoyle F (1964) Encounter with the future. Trident Press, New York, 108 ppGoogle Scholar
  35. Jarrige JF, Meadow RH (1980) The antecedents of civilization in the Indus valley. Scientific American 243:122–133CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Jackson W. (2004) Agriculture: the primary environmental challenge of the 21st century. In: Chesworth W, Moss MR, Thomas VG (eds) The human ecological footprint. Faculty of Environmental Sciences, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON, pp 85–99Google Scholar
  37. Kennedy P (1993) Preparing for the twenty-first century. Random House, New York, 428 ppGoogle Scholar
  38. Knox JW, Morris J, Weatherhead EK, Turner APF (2000) Mapping the financial benefits of sprinkler irrigation and potential financial impact of restrictions on abstraction: A case-study in Anglian Region, Journal of Environmental Management 58:45–59CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Lambin EF (1997) Modelling and monitoring land-cover change processes in tropical regions. Progress in Physical Geography 21:375–393CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Larsen J (2004) The sixth great extinction: a status report. Earth Policy Institute, Washington, DC, Rept. 2004.4., 4 ppGoogle Scholar
  41. Leopold A (1933) The conservation ethic. Journal of Forestry, 31:634–643Google Scholar
  42. Lewin R, Leakey R (1996) The sixth extinction: Patterns of life and the future of humankind. Anchor Press, Norwell MA, 288 ppGoogle Scholar
  43. Lomborg B (2001) The skeptical environmentalist. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 515 ppGoogle Scholar
  44. Mabey R (1980) The common ground: A place for nature in Britain’s future? Hutchinson, in Association With the Nature Conservancy Council, London, 280 ppGoogle Scholar
  45. Martin A (1975) The last generation: The end of survival. Fontana, Glasgow, 188 ppGoogle Scholar
  46. Martinez Cortizas A, Mighall T, Pontevedra Pombal X (2005) Linking changes in atmospheric dust deposition, vegetation change and human activities in northwest Spain during the last 5300 years. The Holocene 15:698–706CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. McNeill WH (1991) The Rise of the West: A history of the human community: With a retrospective essay. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, 828 ppGoogle Scholar
  48. Meyer WB, Turner BL (1992) Human population growth and global land-use/cover change. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 23:39–61CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Mistry J, Berardi A (2006) Savannas and dry forests: Linking people with nature. Ashgate Publishing, Burlington VT, 274 ppGoogle Scholar
  50. Montgomery DR (2007) Dirt: the erosion of civilizations. University of California Press, Berkeley and Los Angeles, 280 ppGoogle Scholar
  51. Netting RM, Stone GD, Stone MP (1993) Agricultural expansion, intensification, and market participation among the Kofyar, Jos Plateau, Nigeria. In: Turner II BL, Hyden G, Kates RW (eds) Population growth and agricultural change in Africa, University Press of Florida, Gainesville, pp 206–249Google Scholar
  52. O’Hara SL, Street-Perrott FA, Burt TP (1993) Accelerated soil erosion around a Mexican highland lake caused by prehispanic agriculture. Nature 362:48–51CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Rees WE (2003) A blot on the land. Nature 421:898CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Rees WE (2004) the eco-footprint of agriculture: a far-from-(thermodynamic)-equilibrium interpretation. In: NABC Report 16: Agricultural Biotechnology: Finding Common International Goals. National Agricultural Biotechnology Council, Cornel University, pp 87–109Google Scholar
  55. Rees WE (2007) Human eco-footprints: straying off the sustainability trail. The Kenneth R. Farrell Distinguished Public Policy Lecture, delivered at the University of Guelph, May 6, 2007.Google Scholar
  56. Renfrew C (1994) World linguistic diversity. Scientific American, 270 (1):116–122CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Schnepf R (2006) European union biofuels policy and agriculture: An overview. CRS Report for Congress. Congressional Research Service. (Accessed November 19, 2008).
  58. Sherratt A (1980) Water, soil and seasonality in early cereal cultivation. World Archaeology 11:313–330CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Simon JL (1998) The ultimate resource 2. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ, 78 ppGoogle Scholar
  60. Sokal RR, Oden NL, Wilson C (1991) Genetic evidence for the spread of agriculture in Europe by demic diffusion. Nature 351:143–145CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Stearns PN (2001) The encyclopedia of world history: Ancient, medieval, and modern. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, 1243 ppGoogle Scholar
  62. Stone M, Krishnappan BG (1997) Transport characteristics of tile-drain sediments from an agricultural watershed. Water, Air, & Soil Pollution 99:89–103Google Scholar
  63. Tainter JA (1988) The collapse of complex societies. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, U.K., 250 ppGoogle Scholar
  64. Timmer CP (1969) The turnip, the new husbandry, and the English Agricultural Revolution. The Quarterly Journal of Economics 83:375–395CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. Tudge C (1985) Editorial. New Scientist 111:42Google Scholar
  66. USDA (US Department of Agriculture) (2008) Soil erodibility index. Electronic Directives System: (Accessed November 19, 2008)
  67. Wackernagel MRW and Rees WE (1996) Our ecological footprint: Reducing human impact on the Earth. New Society Publishers, Gabriola Island, BC, 160 ppGoogle Scholar
  68. Wells HG (1939) The fate of Homo sapiens; An unemotional statement of the things that are happening to him now, and of the immediate possibilities confronting him. Secker and Warburg, London, 329 ppGoogle Scholar
  69. Wilson EO (2002) The future of life. Knopf, New York, 254 ppGoogle Scholar
  70. Witham CS, Oppenheimer C (2004) Mortality in England during the 1783–1784 Laki Craters eruption. Bulletin Volcanologique, 67:15–26CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. WRI (World Resources Institute) (2008) Agricultural Inputs. Accessed November 19 2008.
  72. Wright, Ronald (2004) A short history of progress. Anansi Press, Toronto, 211 ppGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Environmental SciencesUniversity of GuelphGuelphCanada

Personalised recommendations