Advertisement

Summaries of the Contributions and a Few Considerations

  • I. Peter MartiniEmail author
  • Ward Chesworth
Chapter

Cultural, sociological and political factors determine the nature of human societies, but the environment clearly played a dominant role in our early histories and continues to influence society. The objective of this book is to examine this important factor in our history, not only from the standpoint of how the environment influences humanity, but also from the perspective of how we affect the environment. A case history approach is taken with revealing examples chosen to cover prehistoric to recent times. Particular attention is paid to the ways in which societies modified their territories in response to changing conditions—matter of some topicality now.

Meaning of the terms landscape and society are considered in more detail in the next chapter. For present purposes landscape will be taken to mean a geological/geomorphologic/environmental entity within the terrestrial biosphere possessing attributes dependent on climate, hydrology, soils, organisms and historical development....

Keywords

Volcanic Eruption Before Present Intermontane Basin Neolithic Culture Structure Society 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Burke PF, Worcester MA (1996) Malaria in the Greco-Roman World. A historical and epidemiological survey. In: Temporini H, Haase W. (eds) Medizin und Biologie [Forts], Aufstieg und Niedergang der römischen Welt: Geschichte und Kultur Roms im Spiegel der neueren Forschung. 2, Principat, Bd 37, Philosophie, Wissenschaften, Technik, Teilbd 3, pp 2252–2281Google Scholar
  2. Colinvaux PA (1978) Why big fierce animals are rare: an ecologist’s perspective. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ, 256 ppGoogle Scholar
  3. Crutzen PJ (2002). The “anthropocene”. Journal de Physique IV 12:1–5CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Darwin C (1859/2010 3) On the origin of species (Reprinted many times including in 2010 by New York University Press, New York, 360 pp; and available in several Internet sites including http://www.literature.org/authors/darwin-charles/the-origin-of-species/
  5. Diamond J (2005) Collapse – How societies choose to fail of succeed. Viking, New York, 575 ppGoogle Scholar
  6. Hardin G (1993) Living within limits: Ecology, economics and population taboos. Oxford University Press, Oxford, 339 ppGoogle Scholar
  7. Hays JN (2005) Epidemics and pandemics: their impacts on human history ABC-CLIO, Santa Barbara, California, 499 ppGoogle Scholar
  8. Karling HM (ed) (2007) Global climate change revisited. Nova Science Publishers, Inc., New York, 163 ppGoogle Scholar
  9. Kloos H, David R (2002) The paleoepidemiology of schistozomiasis in ancient Egypt. Human Ecology Review 9:13–25Google Scholar
  10. McLuhan HM (1962) The Gutenberg Galaxy: The making of a typographic man. University of Toronto Press, Toronto, 294 ppGoogle Scholar
  11. Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (2005) Ecosystems and human well-being: Synthesis. Island Press, Washington, DC, 137 ppGoogle Scholar
  12. Pyatt FB, Pyatt AJ, Walker C, et al. (2005) The heavy metal content of skeletons from an ancient metalliferous polluted area in southern Jordan with particular reference to bioaccumulation and human health. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 60:295–300CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Redman CL (1999) Human impact on ancient environments. The University of Arizona Press, Tucson, 239 ppGoogle Scholar
  14. Rees W (2004) Waking the sleepwalkers: a human ecological perspective on prospects for achieving sustainability. In: Chesworth W, Moss MR, Thomas V (eds) The human ecological footprint. University of Guelph, Guelph, Canada, pp 1–34Google Scholar
  15. Sallares R (2002) Malaria and Rome: a history of malaria in ancient Italy. Oxford University Press, Oxford, 341 ppCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Smith A (1776/1990) An inquiry into the nature and causes of the wealth of nations. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., Chicago 515 pp [Also available on Internet at http://www.adamsmith.org/smith/won-index.htm (accessed December 2009)]
  17. Spencer H (1864-67/2002) The principles of biology. William and Norgate, London, 2 v. Reprinted 2002 by Ross and Perry, Washington, DC.Google Scholar
  18. Tainter JA (1988) The Collapse of Complex Societies. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 250 ppGoogle Scholar
  19. Véron A, Goiran JP, Morhange C, et al. (2006) Pollutant lead reveals the pre-Hellenistic occupation and ancient growth of Alexandria, Egypt. Geophyscal Research Letters, 33, L06409, doi:10.1029/2006GL025824.Google Scholar
  20. Wilson EO (2006) The creation: An appeal to save life on earth. W.W. Norton & Company, Inc., New York, 175 ppGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Environmental SciencesUniversity of GuelphGuelphCanada

Personalised recommendations