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Chapter 2 Constance Endicott Hartt (1900–1984) and the Path of Carbon in the Sugarcane Leaf

  • Andrew A. Benson
  • Andrew Maretzki
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Photosynthesis and Respiration book series (AIPH, volume 32)

Summary

A short biography of Constance Endicott Hartt is presented here, followed by her research on the biochemical mechanism of sucrose synthesis in the sugarcane leaf. The excellence of her approach led to delineation, in the sugarcane leaf, of much of the path of carbon in photosynthesis and the unique involvement of malic acid in the production of sucrose, two decades before the classic publication by H.P. Kortschak, C. Hartt and G.O. Burr in 1965 (Plant Physiol. 40: 209–213). The impressive contributions of Constance Hartt to plant biological science had been overlooked because of her isolation from the mainstream plant biochemistry and by the passage of time. Not until the 7th International Botanical Congress in Stockholm, 1950, and her participation in the 1958 Plant Physiology annual meeting at Bloomington, Indiana, USA, did she have an opportunity to interact with scientists in the field of sucrose biosynthesis and, even then, not extensively. Her papers, since 1935, published in The Hawaiian Planters’ Record, are no longer widely available. In this Tribute to Constance Hartt, we hope to define her role in developing concepts of the unique process by which the sugarcane leaf produces sugar, besides her contributions to the landmark discovery of unique (now known as C4) pathway of carbon fixation in sugarcane.

Keywords

Malic Acid Sucrose Phosphate Sucrose Synthesis Fructose Bisphosphate Sugar Planter 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Abbreviations:

HSPA

Hawaiian Sugar Planters’ Association

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors are indebted to the assistance (in alphabetical order) of Clanton Black, George O. Burr (1896–1987), Govindjee, Marshall D. Hatch, Ralph Holman, Jack Myers (1913–2006) and Louis G. Nickell.

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Copyright information

© Springer Netherlands 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Scripps Institution of OceanographyUniversity of California San DiegoLa JollaUSA
  2. 2.Formerly at the Experiment Station of the Hawaiian Sugar Planters’ AssociationHawaiian Agricultural Research CenterState CollegeUSA

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