Measuring Water Use Efficiency in Grapevines

  • Hipólito Medrano
  • J. Flexas
  • M. Ribas-Carbó
  • J. Gulías
Chapter

Abstract

Viticulture is strongly conditioned by water availability in many areas and this limitation increases according to climatic change predictions. Maximizing grape water use efficiency (WUE) has become a key objective in management practices as well as a target for new environmental friendly cultivars. The goals of this chapter are to define the different spatial and temporal scales at which WUE can be measured and to describe the presently available methodologies to perform these determinations. Three different levels of WUE are distinguished: Vineyard or Crop (WUEc), Plant (WUEp) and Leaf (WUEl). The meaningful of the different WUE parameters depends on the objective of the study and the methodology used. Positive and negative implications of the available methodologies to measure or estimate WUE at the different spatial and temporal scales are discussed, as well as the existing relationships between these different parameters to estimate WUE.

Keywords

Vapor Pressure Deficit Eddy Covariance Carbon Isotope Fractionation Climatic Change Prediction Ratio Energy Balance 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Abbreviations

AN

Leaf net photosynthesis

AN/E

Instantaneous leaf water use efficiency

AN/g

Intrinsic leaf water use efficiency

Ca

CO2 concentration in the atmosphere

Ci

CO2 concentration at the substomatal cavity

Δ13C

13C discrimination

E

Leaf transpiration

ei

Water vapor pressure at the substomatal cavity

ea

Water vapor pressure in the atmosphere

gs

Stomatal conductance

TDM

Total plant dry matter

TWC

Total plant water consumption

VPD

Vapor pressure deficit

WUE

Water use efficiency

WUEc

Vineyard or Crop water use efficiency

WUEp

Plant water use efficiency

WUEl

Leaf water use efficiency

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors wish to acknowledge funding provided by the Spanish Ministry of Education and Research (AGL2008-04525-CO2-01/AGR).

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hipólito Medrano
    • 1
  • J. Flexas
    • 1
  • M. Ribas-Carbó
    • 1
  • J. Gulías
    • 1
  1. 1.Departamento de Biologia, Grup de Recerca de Biologia de les Plantes en condicions MediterràniesUniversitat de les Illes BalearsPalma de MallorcaSpain

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