Comparison of Three Operational Tools for the Assessment of Vine Water Status: Stem Water Potential, Carbon Isotope Discrimination Measured on Grape Sugar and Water Balance

  • Cornelis van Leeuwen
  • Philippe Pieri
  • Philippe Vivin


Yield, grape composition and wine sensory attributes tightly depend on vine water status. Hence, the measurement of vine water uptake is important for research purposes as well as for practical vineyard management. Many techniques have been developed over the past decades. Among them, three are of particular interest, because they are easy to implement, robust and because their utilization is complementary: stem water potential , carbon isotope discrimination measured on grape sugar and water balance. The present chapter describes and compares these three methods . It also indicates in which situation each of them will be most useful for researchers and vineyard managers.


Water Potential Soil Water Availability Water Deficit Stress Carbon Isotope Discrimination Water Balance Modelling 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



Daily reference evapotranspiration


Fraction of transpirable soil water


Stress index indicator


Time Domain Reflectometry


Total transpirable soil water



Figure 7.5 was provided by Jean-Pascal Goutouly (UMR EGFV, ISVV, F-33882 Villenave d’Ornon). Figure 7.6 was provided by David Pernet (SOVIVINS, F33650 Martillac).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Cornelis van Leeuwen
    • 1
  • Philippe Pieri
    • 1
  • Philippe Vivin
    • 1
  1. 1.UMR 1287 Ecophysiologie et Génomique Fonctionnelle de la Vigne, Institut des Sciences de la Vigne et du Vin (ISVV Bordeaux)Villenave d’OrnonFrance

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