Berkeley, Spinoza, and Radical Enlightenment

  • Geneviève Brykman
Part of the International Archives of the History of Ideas / Archives internationales d'histoire des idées book series (ARCH, volume 201)


I put Spinoza in my title in order to signal my paper’s purpose. Instead of taking the Enlightenment to be, as it is usually understood, an early-eighteenth-century phenomenon, my intention is to show that Berkeley is to be included in that period of ferment, after Spinoza’s death, when the defence of free expression, the critique of religion and of language connected with “mysteries,” and the impertinence of any form of authority were openly considered. By contrast, before 1677, the defence of free-thinking was expressed only in clandestine clubs and coteries. Now, in his masterly work Radical Enlightenment, Jonathan Israel reveals the central role of Spinoza’s philosophy and its diffusion, as early as 1650, in sharpening the human desire for liberty.


Pineal Gland Direct Reading Philosophical Commentary Cartesian Dualism Masterly Work 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Nanterre-La DéfenseUniversité Paris-OuestParisFrance

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