Appendix A: Objects

  • Mario Bunge
Part of the Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science book series (BSPS, volume 287)


In ordinary language, the word “object” denotes a material thing that can be seen and touched. By contrast, in modern philosophy “object” (objectum, Gegenstand) stands for whatever can be thought about: it applies to concrete things and abstract ones, arbitrary assemblages and structured wholes, electrons and nations, stones and ghosts, individuals and sets, properties and events, facts and fictions, and so on.


State Space Material Object Ideal Object Ontological Commitment Ordinary Language 
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  1. Koslicki, Kathrin. 2008. The structure of objects. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Dept. of PhilosophyMcGill UniversityMontrealCanada

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