From Democracy to Management-Oriented Leadership? The Manager-Academic in Norwegian Higher Education

  • Ingvild Marheim Larsen
Part of the Higher Education Dynamics book series (HEDY, volume 33)


This chapter describes recent changes and reforms in the governance and leadership structure in Norwegian higher education. The main questions in the analysis are as follows: In what direction has the leadership structure in Norwegian higher education moved? Are we witnessing a development towards a less democratic structure with a subsequent change towards a more management-oriented structure, or is another picture emerging? There are still democratic elements in the middle-management structure in Norwegian higher education, both in formal arrangements and in how the system is carried out in practice. And, even though many democratic elements are no longer mandatory, it is still possible for the institutions to pursue a democratic structure, but not one that is prescribed and predefined by the state authorities. The structure still has some democratic features, even though changes make it difficult to use the label democracy. While it could be argued that representative democracy is under pressure, deliberative democracy seems to have established roots in the leadership style in Norwegian higher education.


High Education High Education Institution Departmental Level Academic Staff Governing Body 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Oslo University CollegeOsloNorway

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