Advertisement

The Influence of Archimedes in the Machine Books from the Renaissance to the 19th Century

  • Francis C. Moon
Conference paper
Part of the History of Mechanism and Machine Science book series (HMMS, volume 11)

Abstract

The influence of Archimedes on the so-called theatre of machines books is reviewed using original manuscripts from the 15th to the 19th centuries. The evidence shows continuity of knowledge of ancient Greek theory of machines as well as Archimedes principles of statics, hydrostatics and concepts of centers of gravity on the development of machine science.

Keywords

Machine Design Steam Engine Century Machine Screw Pump Machine Invention 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

REFERENCES

  1. Archimedes (1887, 1912, 1950) The Works of Archimedes, Edited by T.L. Heath, with a supplement discovered by Heiburg; The Method of Archimedes.Google Scholar
  2. Bautista Paz, E, Bernardos Rodreiguez, R., Ceccarelli, M. et al. (2007) Breve Historia Ilustrada de la Maquinas, FVIU Foundation of the Valencian University, Madrid.Google Scholar
  3. Besson, J. (1569-1578) Theatre des instruments mathematique et mechanique, Plate 54.Google Scholar
  4. Branca, Giovanni (1629) Le Machine [Title page with lithograph of Archimedes and Vitruvius.]Google Scholar
  5. Borgnis, J.-A. (1818) Composition of Machines, [p. x, p. 71].Google Scholar
  6. Brown, H.T. (1868) Five Hundred and Seven Mechanical Movements, Brown, Coombs & Co. NY.Google Scholar
  7. Chondros, Thomas G. (2007) “Archimedes (287-212 BC)” in Distinguished Figures in Mechanism and Machine Science, Ed. M. Ceccarelli, Springer [pp. 1-30].Google Scholar
  8. Dijksterhuis, E.J. (1987) Archimedes, Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  9. Evans, Oliver (1834) The Young Mill-Wright and Miller’s Guide, 8th Ed. Carey, Lea & Blanchard, Philadelphia, [Plates VI, VII, XXII, Archimedes screw for grain.].Google Scholar
  10. Ferguson, James (1790) Lectures on Select Subjects in Mechanics etc.Google Scholar
  11. Ganot (c. 1853 French edition, 1863, 1899 English edition) Element de Physique [English translation by E Atkinson, 15th edition] [Section On Liquids, #114 Principle of Archimedes.]Google Scholar
  12. Gimpel (1976) The Medieval Machine, Barnes and Noble [p. 177, reference to 12th C. translation of Archimedes de mensura circuli from Arabic to Latin.]Google Scholar
  13. Hart, Ivor B. (1961) The World of Leonardo da Vinci, Viking Press.Google Scholar
  14. Hart, Ivor B. (1925) The Mechanical Investigations of Leonardo da Vinci, Chapman and Hall, Ltd. London. [Cites reference in Manuscript F in Bibliotheque Nationale of Archimedes, de centro gravitatis.]Google Scholar
  15. Keller, A.G. (1964) A Theatre of Machines, Chapman & Hall, London.Google Scholar
  16. Koetsier, T. and Blauwendraat, H. (2004) “ The Archimedean Screw-Pump: A note on its Invention and the Development of the Theory” pp. 181-194, in Proc. Of the International Symposium on the History of Machines and Mechanisms, Editor, M. Ceccarellli, Kluwer Publ., pp. 181-191.Google Scholar
  17. Lanz, J.M. de. and Betancourt, A. de (1808) Essai sur la Composition des Machines, Paris. [Analytical Essay on the Construction of Machines, London, 1817].Google Scholar
  18. Leupold, Jacob (1724) Theatrum Machinarum Generale, Liepzig.Google Scholar
  19. MacCurdy, Edward (1906, 1938) The Notebooks of Leonardo da Vinci, Volumes I, II, Reynal & Hitchcock, NY. pp. 634, 655, 188, 222, 589.Google Scholar
  20. Moon, F.C. (2004) “The Reuleaux Models: Creating an International Digital Library of Kinematics History; KMODDL” in International Symposium on History of Machines and Mechanisms; Proc. HMM2004, M. Ceccarelli (Ed.) Kluwer Academic Publ. Dordrecht (Now Springer).Google Scholar
  21. Moon, F.C. (2007) The Machines of Leonardo da Vinci and Franz Reuleaux, Springer.Google Scholar
  22. Nicholson, J. (1826) The Operative Mechanic and British Machinist being a Practical Display of the Manufactories and Mechanical Arts of the United Kingdom, Vol. I, II.Google Scholar
  23. H.C. Carey & L. Lea Philadelphia.Google Scholar
  24. Ramelli, Agostino (1588) The Various and Ingeneous machines of Agostini Ramelli Edited by Martha Teach Gnudi and Eugene Furguson, Dover Publ. [Dover Edition page 50 refers to Archimedes machine to move a large ship. Plates 45, 46, screw pumps, Book notes by E.S. Ferguson, p. 575, Archimedian screw, p. 577 Archimedes.]Google Scholar
  25. Reuleaux, Franz, (1894) The Constructor, (English edition). Page 221, section 316, refers to Figure 965 b, “the Tympanon of Archimedes, used down to modern times the sections deliver the water through the openings into the axis”, Figure 965 d, “At d is the Archimedian screw, which when placed at an angle as shown, is well adapted to elevate water. The Archemedian screw is extensively used in all positions for the granular and pulverized materials in which cases the outer cylinder is omitted and a stationary channel substituted as shown at c in Fig 065 e-.”Google Scholar
  26. Reuleaux, F. (1900) Lehrbuch der Kinematik: Zweiter Band, Verlag von F. Vieweg und Sohn, Braunschweig.Google Scholar
  27. Sarton (1959) A History of Science, Chapter V, “Archimedes and Apollonios”.Google Scholar
  28. Simms, D.L. (1995) “Archimedes the Engineer” in History of Technology Volume Seventeen, pp. 45-111.Google Scholar
  29. Singer, et al. (1956) A History of Technology, Vol II. Chapter 18, “Machines”: by Bertrand Gille,: Greek Machines.Google Scholar
  30. Schneider, I. (1979) Archimedes; Ingenieur, Naturwissenschlaftler und Mathematiker, Darmstadt: Wissenschlaftliche Buchgesellschaft.Google Scholar
  31. Strada, Jacobus (1617) Künstliche Abriss allerand Wasser-Wind, Ross und Handmühlen,, Frankfurt. [Title page with lithograph of Archimedes and Vitruvius.]Google Scholar
  32. Thurston, Robert, (1878) A History of the Growth of the Steam Engine, [p. 4 reference to Archimedes, Spiritalia deu Pneumatica in a section on the history of thermodynamics.] Vitruvius (c. 15 BCE) Ten Books on Architecture.Google Scholar
  33. Von Guericke, Otto (1672) Experimenta Nova, Amsterdam.Google Scholar
  34. Weisbach, J. (1848-49) Lehrbuch der Ingenieur und Maschinen Mechanik, Lea & Blanchard, Phil.Google Scholar
  35. Willis, R. (1841) Principles of Mechanisms, London.Google Scholar
  36. Zonca, V. (1607) Novo teatro di machine et edificii.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Netherlands 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Sibley School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Upson HallCornell UniversityIthacaUSA

Personalised recommendations